6 basic emotions
6 basic emotions
Last edited by Petter; 05-30-2023 at 08:04 AM.
Interest, surprise and confusion (attention) are completely neutral, but they are indirectly related to emotion. Goal-directed behavior is the reason why we keep an interest in a particular subject, and there are two different goals: maximize reward/pleasure and minimize punishment/pain.
But our expressions are less a mirror of what’s going on inside than a signal we’re sending about what we want to happen next. Your best ‘disgusted’ face, for example, might show that you’re not happy with the way the conversation is going – and that you want it to take a different tack.
“It’s the only reason that makes sense for facial expression to have evolved,” says Bridget Waller, an evolutionary psychology professor at the University of Portsmouth. Faces, she says, are always “giving some sort of important and useful information both to the sender… and to the receiver.”
We use the contempt and disgust facial expressions to show disapproval of someone or something.
A nodding 'mmm' is a facial expression that shows approval of someone or something.
Both pain and disgust can motivate us to stay away from objects and people. The difference is that pain is caused by a threat which leads to an emotional reaction (fear) whilst disgust is caused by a former reward, e.g. spoiled food. This means that we cannot avoid the disgusting object. So disgust is not a basic emotion.
Last edited by Petter; Yesterday at 05:10 AM.
"Humans are motivated to seek novel and pleasurable experiences."
novelty ---> interest
Excitement affects the mind and the body (so post #236 is partially incorrect).
a basic emotion: mind and body are affected so the decision-making process is changed (including the risk/reward ratio)
boredom: low levels of dopamine ... very low excitement
satisfaction: normal levels of dopamine ... low-medium excitement
appetitive impulsivity <--> excitement ... high levels of dopamine: quick decisions
reckless impulsivity <--> anger (high) and fear (low) ... OFC and PFC
... and high levels of serotoninsatisfaction: normal levels of dopamine ... low-medium excitement
appetitive impulsivity <--> hunting
anticipation or hopefulness = excitement + interest
vigilance = tension + interest
A disgusting place or situation motivates him/her to avoid it in the future, but it does not change the decision-making process (besides a new memory). So disgust is not a basic emotion.
A basic emotion temporarily changes the personality.
Why? 1) Because it is stationary and 2) it usually does not concern life or death situations.A disgusting place or situation motivates him/her to avoid it in the future, but it does not change the decision-making process
3) The disgust response/reflex solves the problem automatically.