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Thread: Model D

  1. #481
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    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles...012.00348/full

    Extraversion and anterior vs. posterior DMN activity during self-referential thoughts

    Recent studies show that fronto-posterior electroencephalogram (EEG) spectral power distribution is associated with personality. Specifically, extraversion is associated with an increase of spectral power in posterior cortical regions that overlap with the posterior default mode network (DMN) hub and a decrease of spectral power in anterior regions that overlap with the anterior DMN hub. Although there is evidence that dopaminergic neurotransmission may be involved, psychological processes that underlie these associations remain unclear. I hypothesize that these processes may have something to do with spontaneous self-referential thoughts. Specifically, I hypothesize that in extraverts self-referential thoughts may be associated with an increase of spectral power in the posterior DMN hub, whereas in introverts they may be associated with an increase of spectral power in the anterior DMN hub. After spontaneous EEG registration, participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire describing their thoughts during the registration. An item describing self-referential positive expectations (SRPE) was used to measure individual differences in the intensity of these processes. Source localization and independent component analyses were applied to EEG data to reveal oscillatory activity associated with the anterior and the posterior DMN hubs. Hierarchical regression analysis showed a significant interaction between extraversion scores and anterior vs. posterior DMN alpha activity in predicting individual differences in SRPE scores. In extraverts, high SRPE scores were associated with an increase of alpha power in the posterior DMN hub, whereas in introverts they were associated with an increase of alpha power in the anterior DMN hub. Results are discussed in terms of differential involvement of the two DMN hubs in self-related reward processes in extraverts and introverts.


  2. #482
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    aDMN (dmPFC) --> "Fi"

    CON1 (anterior cingulate cortex), CON2 (inferior frontal gyrus) --> "Fe"

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    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorsom...frontal_cortex

    The dmPFC is identified to play roles in processing a sense of self, integrating social impressions, theory of mind, morality judgments, empathy, decision making, altruism, fear and anxiety information processing, and top-down motor cortex inhibition.



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anterior_cingulate_cortex

    Activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been implicated in processing both the detection and appraisal of social processes, including social exclusion.



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inferior_frontal_gyrus

    The left opercular part of the inferior frontal gyrus is a part of the articulatory network involved in motor syllable programs. The articulatory network also contains the premotor cortex, and the anterior insula. These areas are interrelated but have specific functions in speech comprehension and production.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirror_neuron

    It is not normally possible to study single neurons in the human brain, so most evidence for mirror neurons in humans is indirect. Brain imaging experiments using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have shown that the human inferior frontal cortex and superior parietal lobe are active when the person performs an action and also when the person sees another individual performing an action. It has been suggested that these brain regions contain mirror neurons, and they have been defined as the human mirror neuron system. More recent experiments have shown that even at the level of single participants, scanned using fMRI, large areas containing multiple fMRI voxels increase their activity both during the observation and execution of actions.

    ...

    Stephanie Preston and Frans de Waal, Jean Decety, and Vittorio Gallese and Christian Keysers have independently argued that the mirror neuron system is involved in empathy. A large number of experiments using fMRI, electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) have shown that certain brain regions (in particular the anterior insula, anterior cingulate cortex, and inferior frontal cortex) are active when people experience an emotion (disgust, happiness, pain, etc.) and when they see another person experiencing an emotion.

  3. #483
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    a planner prefers "Fe 1" (dynamic ... "social control")

    not a planner prefers "Fe 2" (static ... mimicry --> social interaction)

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    aDMN (dmPFC) --> "Fi"
    ... and vmPFC

    ------

    a planner prefers "Fi 1" (dynamic) --> theory of mind, Machiavellian thinking

    not a planner prefers "Fi 2" (static) --> theory of mind, empathy

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    extraversion + DMN > CON > FN could be an EIE-like type.
    extraversion + CON > FN > DMN could be an ESE-like type

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    dynamic --> temporal-sequential ordering

    static --> not temporal-sequential ordering

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    Here's another reason why Model A does not work.

    1. If Fe is a function then EIE and ESE are identical types most of the time. This is obviously not true.

    2. If [FeNi] is a function then EIE does not have [TiNe], so he or she cannot process mathematics.

    3. If Fe+ is a function then EIE does not have Fe-. This does not make any sense since all people can process all kinds of information.

    4. If Fe+ means 80% theory of mind and 20% "social control" then the latter is not a leading process.

    5. And socionists cannot have it both ways: a type cannot have Fe and Fe+.

  8. #488
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    Here's another reason why Model A does not work.

    1. If Fe is a function then EIE and ESE are identical types most of the time. This is obviously not true.

    2. If [FeNi] is a function then EIE does not have [TiNe], so he or she cannot process mathematics.

    3. If Fe+ is a function then EIE does not have Fe-. This does not make any sense since all people can process all kinds of information.

    4. If Fe+ means 80% theory of mind and 20% "social control" then the latter is not a leading process.

    5. And socionists cannot have it both ways: a type cannot have Fe and Fe+.
    "Особенностью модели Б является то, что информацию получают все функции информационного метаболизма."

    "A feature of model B is that all information is obtained as an information metabolism." (?)

  9. #489
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    SSS:

    If a function is denoted by the "plus" sign, it means that the function has only a limited ("plus") area of competence and it cannot process the respective "minus" area adequately, in accordance with the function's dimension. Responses of a "plus" function (of any dimension) in the "minus" area are similar to responses of one-dimensional functions. A "plus" function tries to stay away from its incompetence area (the "minus" area), avoiding it in all ways.

    ------

    "avoiding it in all ways" (i.e. inactive) => not a leading process

  10. #490
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    I think a dynamic type has "unconscious" static functions.

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    https://www.researchgate.net/figure/...fig3_327793915

    "The five large-scale brain networks sustain processes important for social behavior."

    large-scale brain networks 5.png

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    The dorsal and ventral attention networks are involved in goal-directed executive control processes and salience evaluations respectively, which are necessary operations for the control of spatial attention and the orientation of attention to a specific area of interest. The ventral attention network (VAN) includes the temporoparietal junction, the supramarginal gyrus, the frontal operculum, and the anterior insula. The focus of the VAN is primarily upon allocentric space, or knowing about objects that lie beyond immediate reach, including information about what those objects are used for. The dorsal attention network (DAN) is anchored in the intraparietal sulcus and the frontal eye fields. The DAN includes a focus upon egocentric space to generate sensory-motor information about functions such as reaching, grasping, the “data” that are important for knowing about how to use objects.
    DAN --> "Se"

    VAN --> "Si"

  13. #493
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    I think a dynamic type has "unconscious" static functions.
    Why? Because FN monitors the other networks/functions, so when it switches mode the whole system is changed.

  14. #494
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    SSS:

    If a function is denoted by the "plus" sign, it means that the function has only a limited ("plus") area of competence and it cannot process the respective "minus" area adequately, in accordance with the function's dimension. Responses of a "plus" function (of any dimension) in the "minus" area are similar to responses of one-dimensional functions. A "plus" function tries to stay away from its incompetence area (the "minus" area), avoiding it in all ways.

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    "avoiding it in all ways" (i.e. inactive) => not a leading process
    the leading process = the most conscious process (or function)

    inactive = less conscious or unconscious

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    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33891043/

    Default Mode Network Functional Connectivity Negatively Associated with Trait Openness to Experience

    Evaluating associations between the five-factor personality domains and resting-state functional connectivity networks (e.g., default mode network, DMN) highlights distributed neurobiological systems linked to behaviorally relevant phenotypes. Establishing these associations can highlight a potential underlying role for these neural pathways in related clinical illness and treatment response. Here we examined associations between within- and between-network resting-state functional connectivity with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and the five-factor personality domains: Openness to experience (Openness), Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. We included data from 470 resting-state scan sessions and personality assessments in 295 healthy participants. Within- and between-network functional connectivity from 32 a priori defined regions was computed across seven resting-state networks. The association between functional connectivity and personality traits was assessed using generalized least squares. Within-network DMN functional connectivity was significantly negatively associated with trait Openness (regression coefficient= -0.0010; [95% CI] = [-0.0017, -0.0003]; pFWER = 0.033), seemingly driven by association with the Fantasy subfacet. Trait Extraversion was significantly negatively associated with functional connectivity between the visual and dorsal attention networks and positively associated with functional connectivity between the frontoparietal and language networks. Our findings provide evidence that resting-state DMN is associated with trait Openness and gives insight into personality neuroscience.

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    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249003/

    Associations between personality and whole‐brain functional connectivity at rest: Evidence across the adult lifespan

    We found that openness was positively associated with connectivity in the default‐mode network, neuroticism was negatively associated with both the ventral and dorsal attention networks, and agreeableness was negatively associated with the dorsal attention network. In addition, age moderated the association between conscientiousness and the frontoparietal network, indicating that this association become stronger in older age.

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