• ### Recent Articles

#### Ode to Dual Contact & 8 Stages of Dual Relations by Grigori Shulman

Ode to Dual Contact and Eight Stages of Dual Relations
Grigori A. Shulman
International Institute of Socionics
Publication "Undiscovered Worlds", No 3, 2001

Wikisocion - Duality relations
Wikisocion - Duality Stories and Observations
8 Steps of Duality in Alpha Quadrant
Stages of Duality

Dual contact, dual relations, relationships of duality, relationship of complete mutual complementarity ... All of these phrases describe the same intertype relation, which constitutes the essence of discovery made by A. Augusta that paved the way to the amazing concept of socionics.

Indeed, when you're observing a dual pair, an impression arises, as A. Augusta writes, that in front of your eyes is a separated androgenous pair - so organic, natural, and comfortable... read more
silke 04-27-2020, 10:57 PM

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Intertype Relations
• ### Recent Posts

#### Vedic Astrology Nakshatra / Socionics Type: Correlation Data Study

asd Today, 05:56 PM

#### Model D

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poincaré_conjecture

Conjectures are inductive processes, but deductive logic is much more important in mathematics

Petter Today, 05:47 PM

#### Type most likely to become police officers?

Mostly ST types with a few SEEs and ESEs sprinkled in.

Poptart Today, 05:23 PM

#### Type most likely to become police officers?

Mostly SJ types, especially the ones patrolling the streets: LSE, LSI, ESE, ESI

Northstar Today, 05:20 PM

#### How does delta fill the emptiness inside?

Fi. This is really the only answer for me. I can have comfort, money or whatever else but if I don't have any sentiments for the people around me I just

Zyan Today, 05:19 PM

#### Type most likely to become police officers?

I always figured the typical police officer is most likely an LSE. 4D Te + Se with low Fi & PoLR Ni would make sense to me.

Thoughts?

SlytherinPower Today, 05:17 PM

#### John McCain

LSE

Poptart Today, 04:25 PM

#### Joe Biden

ESE

Poptart Today, 04:19 PM

#### A thread for Si/Ne valuers (POST ANYTHING THREAD)

i like star anise candy and i read it contains a substance that is also found in licorice and fennel

Kalinoche buenanoche Today, 03:59 PM

#### Lorde

but IMO she is much more ethical in interviews. Not at all hypnotically mesmerizing ILI. Less decisive in interviews, anyway.

BrightDemonSheep96 Today, 03:49 PM
• # Socionics Information Elements: Descriptions by Functions

Functional Assignments of Information Elements

If you are coming from MBTI please note that Socionics assigns j/p letters differently from the way MBTI does. Do not translate your MBTI type directly to Socionics type. If you want to find out your Socionics type, you can take socionics type tests, fill out a typing questionnaire form or make a freeform thread in What's My Type subforum, and read through the type discussions posted in socionics resources thread. Participating in forum discussions and chatbox provides more accurate feedback and type suggestions in typing threads. To read how Socionics j/p letter assignments differ from MBTI J/P visit the type names page.

If you have questions about socionics intertype relations, you can post your inquiry in the Intertype Relations Subforum, or alternatively inquire about it in the forum chatbox (for access please post an introduction to get your account activated).

Related articles and links:
Information Elements: A Primer
Aspects in the Valued Functions by Dmitry Golihov
Blocks and Functions of the Socionic Model of the Psyche
Model A
About Aspects and Functions in Socionics by Prokofieva
What the IEs are not
Information Element Descriptors
Psychological Types by C. G. Jung

Extraverted Intuition Ne

Introduction to Ne

Extroverted intuition is an extroverted, irrational, and static information element. It is also called Ne, I, intuition of possibilities, or black intuition.

Ne is generally associated with the ability to see various potentialities and possibilities, create new opportunities and new beginnings, recognize visible potential in others, be aware of different perspectives and viewpoints, rapidly generate associations and draw parallels, and be led by one's intellectual curiosity and stimulate this curiosity in others.

Types that value Ne invest most of their time into discussing various points of view, broad spectrum attitudes, trends, and phenomena, further potential and options some of which may not have happened in actuality, thereby opening up new doors and adding in new tangents to a conversation. They perceive and voice multiple variations and alternative view points, try to mediate between them, and enjoy a lively discussion that would help them settle their uncertainties and provide some grounding. Typical Ne humor juxtaposes and blends seemingly unrelated aspects with elements of unconverntionality and even absurdism.

Ne as Leading Function (ILE, IEE)

The individual is skilled at generating sense of novelty, inspiration, and intellectual interest and curiosity in others and using his own enthusiasm to inspire and motivate others to see different options open before them. He easily sees parallels between different concepts, situations, people, attitudes, and topics, draws connections across different fields of knowledge and social groups, and dabbles in multiple interests and hobbies at once. He picks up information on the fly and is usually the first to find out about something with his intellectual curiosity being insatiable. Perceiving different options and opinions, he debates them to find out where the truth might lie. He enjoys the beginning stages of just about anything - new projects, new information, new skills, new books and movies, experiencing new people and relationships. Preparing for and launching something new is seen as having greater value than the process of experiencing what one already has and finishing what one has begun. The concept of "finishing" seems foreign to him. Instead of taking care to finish things and tie up all loose ends, he tends to drop things when he can't handle them any longer or realize that he has neglected them for too long (this might be equally related to suggestive introverted sensing).

Ne as Creative Function (EII, LII)

The individual likes to apply his insights to specific situations and discussions. He grasps a generalized snapshot of the conversation capturing the essential information and then looks at how events, people, concepts, and things are related with each other. By spotting these similarities and analogies he hopes to find general trends, patterns, prevailing attitudes, universal rules and values of his environment and the people within it. He enjoys discussing different potential viewpoints and often adds new tangents to a conversation, thereby prolonging the discussion sometimes seemingly indefinitely. In conversation, he may give idealized accounts and statements and prefers to talk about things and events how then could be instead of explaining and talking about them as they already are. He does not pursue ideas or new opportunities merely for their own sake, but for their application to specific situations, questions, and issues that he is currently engaged with.

Ne as Role Function (SLE, SEE)

The individual is very aware of what is concretely present in the world around him rather than devoting his time to discussing what could be and topics that are only of improbable and vague ideational value. He relies on his direct "knowledge of life" and first hand experience rather than on imaginative flexibility. He is able to orient himself quickly when he is in contact with concrete aspect of events, things, and people, but when he is told about them in an abstract form or simply in the form of "random information that may come in handy some day," he usually doesn't know what to do with such information. He is often uncertain of other people's inner qualities and capabilities and will give them assignments and judge their potential by whether or not they can fulfill them. He shows little concern for all kinds of unusual behavior and developments, and mistrusts information about things that cannot be experienced directly. This mistrustful attitude usually goes away after the person has the chance to deal with the new thing, event, or behavior directly for a period of time and explore it. The individual prefers to know for certain what is likely to happen and what awaits him in the near future. He feels lost when he given many options of all that could possibly be. This gives them the feeling of hanging in the air and general uncertainty about the future. Being oriented at taking direct actions, such uncertainly about the outcome is difficult to bear.

Ne as Vulnerable Function (LSI, ESI)

The individual shows disinterest in conducting discussions that are only of conjectural and ideational value and are not of any concrete value. He listen to and participate in such discussions but only briefly, soon feeling that they are too boring and of little value for him to continue. He prefers discussions that find solutions to real problems, that analyze events that have already realistically transpired, and that elucidate the on-going developments and trends. The individual is often in need of advice regarding the most likely future outcomes of his actions. Often he focuses on one most likely interpretation or potential outcome. The individual does not easily associate and combining various kinds of insights, ideas, and concepts, though he may enjoy this of others.

Ne as Suggestive Function (SEI, SLI)

The individual has great respect and admiration for people who are always pursuing something new, who are intellectually curious, informed and demonstrate awareness of all novel and unusual developments. Often this individual feels like he is lacking in external awareness of events and cannot keep up with all the developments. He likes those who can easily imagine new variations and possibilities, whose imagination is not tied down by what already exists, those who can breathe new life into his everyday existence. At the same time he is also aware of their detachment and impracticality of some of their views. He is drawn to individuals who are able to see substantial potential of some undertaking or in some person that are not readily visible at first glance, who can enable him to see major prospects that lie beyond what can be picked up and verified by senses. When this person is able to image a potential solution that leads him out of a sticky or insipid situation, and resolves problems, he usually feels very proud of himself.

Ne as Mobilizing Function (ESE, LSE)

The individual deeply appreciates people who are able to easily transverse the sea of information and keep themselves informed, who readily form opinions about what they have just seen or read, and who like voicing and discussing hypothetical proposals, ideas, and go on imaginative tangents. Such individuals provide them with a sense of connectedness to what is happening "out there in the world" and allow them to keep up with all the new developments and options. Even if this information cannot be applied practically at the present moment, they appreciate being made aware of what could be because they are often all too aware of what is. Such an individual is even more grateful to people who provide insightful ideas and voice unconventional notions that could enhance what he is working on or going through at the present moment.

Ne as Ignoring Function (IEI, ILI)

The individual is aware of many possibilities and connections between different areas of knowledge and experience, but prefers to consder and talk about only the most probable ones, which he selects by connecting them with the past trends. Such individual is keenly aware of past trends and recurring cycles, and the context that they create, however, this serves to curb and the options that he considers to be viable, effective, and likely. He is able to grasp the intrinsic potential of a given even, person, or block of information, but prefers to restrict indulging such assessments in the face of understanding the latent past processes underpinning said things. When somebody is voicing alternatives that to him sound improbable and unlikely to happen, he is either dismissive or irritated by such information. Sometimes feels like others around him are busy reinventing the wheel and making statements that are nothing new in their essence.

Ne as Demonstrative Function (EIE, LIE)

The individual is fairly good at generating all kinds of notions and hypothetical ideas, but unless they can be fitted to the current situations he doesn't himself take the ideas seriously and views the activity as a sort of entertaining exercise lacking in value. It is more natural for him to apply his imagination and vision specifically to those areas where he is trying to achieve something concrete than merely to "indulge" in thinking and empty discussions about things that have no relation to his activities and goals in life.

Introverted Intuition Ni

Introduction to Ni

Introverted intuition is an introverted, irrational, and dynamic information element. It is also called Ni, T, temporal intuition, or white intuition. Ni is generally associated with the ability to recognize the unfolding of processes over time (how one event leads to another), have visions of the past and future, over-reliance on mental imagery, seeing intangible hints of trends and relationships between processes or objects. Types that value Ni always like to have in mind a specific plan for how things will develop in the future which is usually based on past trends that they deem likely to recur. To assess these trends they seek to gather information of what's has taken place and transverse the time axis backwards and forwards. Thus, they often devote little time for living "in the now" or "making the best of the present". They generally engage in pure leisure activities only for short periods of time, and even then their leisure activities generally involve mentally and psychologically demanding or competitive aspect.

Ni as Leading Function (IEI, ILI)

As a base function, Ni generally manifests itself through a lack of direct attention to the world around oneself, and a sense of detachment or freedom from worldly affairs. This can lead to a highly developed imagination and very unique mental world, but it can also result in a great deal of laziness and apparent inactivity. Because the individual gets his or her primary information about the world through mindful simulation of events, a person with leading Ni may be able to thrive in situations where data are scarce, or where he or she lacks the usual prerequisite experience. However, this may also become a disadvantage if the person becomes overly reliant on his mental simulations while disregarding attaining actual experience in areas that interest him, turning down opportunities without trying them out which leads to boredom. The ability to transcend the axis of time and understand the cause and effect relationships that occur is also a feature, sometimes resulting in the ability to accurately predict general future trends and outcomes of certain events.

Ni as Creative Function (EIE, LIE)

The individual likes to predict the further development of specific situations and topics that he is interested in. The individual applies his highly developed sense of vision not as an end in itself, but as a way of promoting the development of his more central interests and activities. After doing some observation the individual feels stretching and slowing down of intervals of time and receives flashes of insight into the workings of things. This allows individual to work with creatively with timing, knowing when to move forward and when to delay, however, he will mostly be perceptive of situations which need a delay and hesitate to move forward, sometimes missing opportunities which is are usually regrettable to him.

Ni as Role Function (SEI, SLI)

The individual's natural preference is to concentrate on definitive, material aspects of various situations and anything new that he learns. He does not easily generalize and draw distant parallels between different situations, topics, and fields of knowledge. Weakness in this function can lead this individual to expand extensive efforts without seeing more beneficial alternatives and more time efficient ways of doing things. He feels the flow of time through step-by-step consecutive progression of events, therefore he usually does not delay with tasks. He may extensively plan the details of his future actions without realizing their total significance.

Ni as Vulnerable Function (ESE, LSE)

The individual prefers to focus on immediate tasks, taking things as they come, rather than try to foresee present trends. Usually such individuals have an inclination to tell stories or narrate events on a sequential basis with all the pertinent detail, rather than compounding the information and relaying the main point. He perceives time in an undifferentiated manner: the past, present, and future are all perceived as being in or near the present. When talking about the future, especially one's longer-term plan), the individual treats it as if it were accessible today and often is not aware of all the developments that must happen first. He generally has a poor sense of how long things will take and what the best amount of time to spend on things is. Therefore it is difficult for him to stay on schedule without some planning.

Ni as Suggestive Function (SLE, SEE)

The individual is attracted to people who are confident in their ability to evaluate intangible trends, patterns, and cycles, and see where they might lead, and who know which course of events and actions will be meaningful and which will not. The individual lives deeply submerged into the material aspect of his reality but has weak ability to grasp the meaning of the events in his life. He longs for a sense of greater meaning in his life beyond the immediately physical and enjoys the company of people who can shed some light on this for him and provide him with context and meaning for his actions.

Ni as Mobilizing Function (LSI, ESI)

The individual periodically needs outside advice of how a situation will develop into the future in order to know when and how to proceed. The individual takes actions without proper evaluations of their consequences which he is faced with later. As a result he becomes more cautious and attempts to slow down, but by himself he poorly sees when it's necessary to do so and when it is needed to proceed further, and thus can end up wasting his time and powers or creating undesirable result for himself. Without an outside reassurance and evaluation of his actions, encouragement when it is beneficial to proceed further (ESI) or which actions can lead to negative outcomes (LSI), the individual is inclined to either try to remain inactive and miss good opportunities or act immediately and sometimes impulsively in inopportune moments.

Ni as Ignoring Function (ILE, IEE)

The individual understands discussions and arguments focused on following past trends into the future and their possible implications, as well as on exploring one specific imaginative vision of personal meaning. However he is disinterested in this type of information or even annoyed by excessive focus on it. He much prefers being originator of new trends starting from a present point in time and reality, exploring all the current potentialities and possibilities that lie ahead, however unlikely and imaginative, rather than concentrating on past repeating itself.

Ni as Demonstrative Function (EII, LII)

The individual is quite adept at following discussions on the developments of present trends into the future and their meaning, and contributing to them on occasion if he feels so inclined, but he does not take that as seriously compared to investigating and bring up to discussion new alternatives and possible topics in the areas he is interested in at present. He usually dismisses if not outright ridicules claims that everything is set and will continue along the same path and instead prefers to bring up to discussion potential variations and ways out, unusual and rare possibilities, new horizons and enterprising ideas.

Extroverted Sensing Se

Introduction to Se

Extroverted sensing is an extroverted, irrational, and static information element. It is also called Se, F, volitional sensing, or black sensing. Se includes the ability to attain high level of awareness of the physical aspects of one's reality, to know how much physical force or power is latent or required, to be able to accurately estimate properties of material sort. Types that strongly value Se are much more comfortable taking concrete actions to change their physical surroundings. This may at times be perceived as disruptive and abrasive, particularly by Ne-types who feel that abrupt changes in their physical surrounding ruins their balance. In Se-quadras, interaction takes a more blunt and direct forms, resulting in a much strongly impacting physical atmosphere than Si-valuing types prefer. Se-types enjoy discussing possibilities but only if there is concrete gain from it, or it holds the potential to impact the "the real world". Unlike Si, which is about one's subjective sensory experience (how intense or enjoyable it is), Se is about achieving an object of desire. It gives one the ability to influence, bend, and push concrete situations and people in order to achieve such an object, rather than to subjectively assess the situation one is in.

Se as Leading Function (SLE, SEE)

The individual feels at home among people who are actively doing something and interacting with each other directly (visibly), and is able to organize people, move them around as necessary, and guide them in achieving a specific goal. He or she likes a measure of deference and malleability in others, since it allows him to "make things happen" the way he wants them to happen. He has high awareness of his surroundings and is usually keenly aware of changes of physical and material nature around him. He is quick to access boundaries and perceptive of when others are moving onto "his turf" and where there lie potential conflicts of interests over material resources. Being highly aware of his reality and confident in the present actual state of events, he resolutely moves forward to achieve his own goals. He typically wants to make all decisions that concern sensory aspects of his life for himself: what he will do, wear, eat, look like, etc., and resents any attempts by others to make these decisions for him (conflicts over sensing). However, he is willing to make use of other peoples' suggestions, advice and ideas, as long as he plays the most visible role. He usually values first hand experience, lives life experiencing it "on his own skin", and will gladly teach it to others whom he sees as less knowing and aware of the realities.

Se as Creative Function (LSI, ESI)

The individual takes specific steps to move himself forward towards achieving concrete goals and tangible results. This may involve deliberately making concrete steps to move ahead in specific situations, pushing through to achieve a short-range goal, abruptly taking on an organizational role, shaking up and mobilizing others to prod them into taking concrete actions. The individual does not generally seek out direct confrontation, but he is also not afraid of it. He performs well at jobs that require manipulation of concrete objects and physical properties. He accomplishes the tasks assigned to him diligently and expects the same of others.

Se as Role Function (ILE, IEE)

The individual places very little value on the physical properties of his surroundings. He sees very little value in disputes over resources and territory and easily yields when challenged by individuals with stronger sensing, but not because he is afraid, but because he has little interest in the concrete and the physical and sees little intrinsic value and potential in this. When trying to achieve his goals and assert his place in society, he would rather rely on his creativity, imagination, erudition, social and verbal skills to move himself forward, rather than on blunt physical demonstrations, and vie to protect his intellectual and creative freedoms. He resents any attempts by others to physically "push" him to do things and rejects the idea of people pressuring each other to do things. He himself avoids the use of physical means of influence preferring instead to interest and inspire others. However, severe irritation and inability to change the situation by other means can lead him to sporadically resort to physical measures of influence for brief periods of time. It should be noted that despite not valuing Se, this individual may speak of physical manifestations, or even threaten others with physical force, if this is within the conventions and norms of his social group, but the prime motivations here is social adaptation and mimicry.

Se as Vulnerable Function (EII, LII)

This individual handles his needs by being prudent and farsighted. He mentally foresees which actions may be harmful or inopportune to himself and disruptive of his physical state and homeostasis. He doesn't intrude onto other people's space or territory and is easily annoyed and flustered by someone transgressing into his own space. He notices what may be perceived as violation of one's personal space, and disapproves of those who regularly act in such a way. He tries to prevent and bypass anything that would result in upsetting his own physical homeostasis and chastises people who are too rowdy, who create extra commotion or drama that directly disturbs him, or create sudden disruptions by their behavior such as playing practical jokes. Such indvidual may be verbally assertive, start or join in verbal disagreements and conflicts where he has to impose and defend his ideas, values, and opinions, but will try to avoid any direct confrontations where his physical state and continuity of his life are directly at stake. During conflict he prefers to anticipate and choose his fights carefully; for example, he may act out unusually aggressively when he knows that he has the backing of other powerful individuals. In inopportune confrontational situations, he may overreact and respond in excess, seem too confrontational and contentious, he may even flip out and go berserk, which later ruins his mood and exhausts him. At the same time he is sensitive towards any comments concerning his own volitional qualities and ability to stand up for himself and may try to prove them false in any way by masquerading the opposite qualities. Such individual often feels himself insufficient to actively track, organize, and change his environment and instead turns to others for such help. In cases of physical discomfort this individual usually patiently and stoically endures through his hardships, but if the problem is not dealt with eventually, he may flare up or have a physical and emotional break down. He is good at sharing information, teaching and instructing others, but lacks ability to physically force them to anything. The individual doesn't pay much attention to external physical qualities, his own or those of others, and may belittle conversations on this topic, considering it not be worthy of attention and that inner qualities and personal potential are more important.

Se as Suggestive Function (IEI, ILI)

The individual experiences a degree of detachment from the physical world around him and does not attribute much value to it. He may avoid activities that would directly involve him, preferring instead to live by his mental representations and imagery. Often he develops an impression that most activity is too meaningless, useless, or burdensome to get involved with this, thus he can make an impression of a lazy person. To this individual, life is often characterized by short periods of activity, stimulation, and progression forward, that run intermittent with longer periods that are characterized by tedium, inertia, and apathy. He doesn't mind letting other people handle the physical aspects of life and even feels grateful when they help him with this. For example, he can live in a place that requires maintenance and completely ignore this until someone else prods him to do the repairs. He would rather remain passively observant and feels little desire in himself to directly engage with the world around himself and take concrete steps that would bring him to fulfillment of his goals. This individual appreciates proactive, energetic, confident individuals who by their personal example can inspire him to activity and a greater appreciation of his physical environment.

Se as Mobilizing Function (EIE, LIE)

This individual feels that he needs support of others to provide the gusto and motivation for his endeavors. The individual tends to feel capable of achieving his goals, but he first hesitate and trying to think of possible outcomes instead of moving forward, and thus miss out on opportunities which he comes to regret later. He is passively perceptive and evaluative of the external physical conditions, but is lacking in ability to forcefully change them, instead relying on others to do this for him. This makes him seem somewhat unsure and dependent on other's activities and volitional activities to mobilize himself. Nevertheless this individual is usually quite competitive and enjoys being involved in challenging endeavors to see his will and personal abilities develop as he overcomes obstacles together with other people.

Se as Ignoring Function (SEI, SLI)

The individual is dismissive of exerting direct physical impact to move himself towards meet his goals and needs in favor of preserving his own resources and efforts. He is preferably aware and in tune with the physical and material world around him, but sees little sense in aggressive expansionism and exertion of his own powers. He is adept at observing and perceiving potential conflicts of interests and aggression around him, but typically tries to maneuver around such conflicts to not over extend himself and picks the middle ground. However, if a direct confrontation and collision is inevitable, he is able to provide resistance or even actively participate in them if that is seen as unavoidable. Participating in vigorous physical activities where such fights may take place, martial arts for example, these individuals are motivated not by competition in itself, but by the impressions and sensations those activities generate. When making evaluation of physical nature he prefers to listen internal responses and impressions, rather than going by what he can clearly see on the outside.

Se as Demonstrative Function (ESE, LSE)

The individual is in touch with the physical reality around him and is able to provide accurate evaluations of material properties of objects and physical qualities of people around him. He considers this to be on secondary importance, however, and will dismiss or even ridicule those who draw attention to their physical prowess, material might and external appearance. He himself generally has little interest in displaying such attitudes and will attempt to quench their displays wherever possible.

Introverted Sensing Si

Introduction to Si

Introverted sensing is an irrational, introverted, and dynamic information element. It is also referred to as Si, S, experiential sensing, or white sensing. Si is associated with the ability to internalize sensations and to experience them in full detail. Si focuses on tangible, direct (external) connections (introverted) between processes (dynamic) happening in one time, i.e. the physical, sensual experience of interactions between objects. This leads to an awareness of internal tangible physical states and how various physical fluctuations or substances are directly transferred between objects, such as motion, temperature, or dirtiness. The awareness of these tangible physical processes consequently leads to an awareness of health, or an optimum balance with one's environment. The individual physical reaction to concrete surroundings is main way we perceive and define aesthetics, comfort, convenience, and pleasure.

In contrast to extroverted sensing (Se), Si is related to following one's own internal perceptions when it comes to making physical estimations, instead of being guided by externally-driven image of what something is like. Si ego types are perceptive of individual sensory experiences and will try to adjust to them, given that it does not extremely affect their own comfort, thus minimizing potential direct sensory impact on others. In contrast to introverted intuition (Ni), Si is about direct interaction and unity (or discord) with one's surroundings, rather than abstract process and causal links. Si types prefer to avoid causing too much upheaval and commotion and intruding on other people's space and boundaries, and will protect their personal well-being and comfort as well. They preferr to keep even flow of experiences and sensory congruity.

Si as Leading Function (SEI, SLI)

A strong ability to recognize internal physical states in themselves and others, to understand how these states are reached and how to recreate and avoid certain states. Individuals who possess Si as a base function are drawn to situations that satisfy their inner physical impressions and try to eliminate those conditions that are incongruent to their senses. Whenever Si base function individuals are taking part in something that involves recognizing, recreating, or analyzing physical states, they feel a great deal of personal power and enthusiasm.

The avoidance of discomfort is one of the primary motivations of these types. Feelings of internal discomfort can arise from a tense psychological atmosphere, working too hard and sapping the body's resources, being pressured by other people or by numerous "things to do," and from unsatiated or oversatiated physical needs. These types tend to quickly recognize and be quite vocal about discomfort that arises and either take clever measures to dissipate it or simply get out of whatever is bothering them. They are very receptive to other people sharing feelings of discomfort with them and can help alleviate the tension and offer good solutions.

Si leading types are constantly adjusting themselves to their environment (which includes the people around them), and rarely have any fixed ideas about what is "appropriate" to desire in a given situation. Often their own body language seems smooth and confident when it comes to dealing with physical aspects of reality. They are able to assess people's need, but they do so on their personal basis. It is enough for something to "feel right" for them to justify it. This behavior may seem random to outside observers, since it is concomitant with weak Ni.

Si as Creative Function

The individual is naturally good at organizing relaxing activities and recreation and making sure people are calm and enjoying themselves, but displays this behavior and skill when he sees a specific need for it rather than doing it automatically, all the time. The individual does not place emphasis on being calm and balanced all the time, as opposed to those with Si as a leading function.

The individual is attuned to people's tastes and personal preferences and likes to do things for or give things to friends and family members that will cause them to enjoy themselves and gain pleasure. For example, creating a comfortable, clean, and spacious setting in the home, taking them out to do something they enjoy, or finding opportunities and people with whom they can pursue their hobbies.

Si as Role Function (IEI, ILI)

The individual dislikes it when others emphasize the importance and need for physical rest, comfort, relaxation, enjoyment, taking it slowly, and activities that are supposed to bring these about, because they are already in a semi-relaxed state most of the time, and internally need just the opposite — activity, energetic action, resolve, stimulating new impressions. Rather than spend their time trying to "take it easy on themselves" and turning back to listen to their internal states, they need clear external actions and demands that direct their attention outside of themselves, towards concrete reality, and thus conquer and dispel their sense of detachment, uncertainty and hesitation.

Si as Vulnerable Function (EIE, LIE)

Individuals who possess introverted sensing as a PoLR function tend to be negligent of its effect and have the view that Si aspects are of less importance than others for achieving their goals. They put a low priority on the physical, short-distance, here-and-now in relation to longer-distance and longer-term considerations. A typical manifestation of Vulnerable Si is high need for activity and change, inability to feel the "heaviness" of one's internal physical state as well as surrounding world, poor capacity to relax and take it slowly, a lack of concern for one's comfort and relaxation, as well as aesthetic details, since a greater focus is given on the opinion that, in the longer term, taking care of this is a never-ending and pointless exercise. Weak sensing also manifests as a relative lack of awareness of the immediate makeup of surroundings, as in noticing and remembering locations of objects, even if you don't have to deal with them, and denoting their characteristics granted their internal physical qualities. A lack of concern for small aesthetic details is more visible in the LIE; in the case of the EIE, the low focus on Si is more noticeable as a dislike for performing low-level upkeep activities and practical chores, which are set aside in favor of activities of informational and immaterial nature (reading, writing, debating, theoretical discussions, browsing the net, etc.) Due to individuals who possess introverted sensing as a 4th function believing that Si aspects are of less importance, they tend to be thrown off course by neglected and newly emergent Si matters.

Si as Suggestive Function (ILE, IEE)

The individual tends to be chronically unaware of his own internal states, this includes physiological sensations and a sense of balance and alignment with one's true desires. He bases his decisions on what his own state is like at the moment, possessing a weak ability to keep track of past and potential future changes in his states, and thus being unable to appropriately anticipate and deal with them, which leads to certain measure of fickleness, unsatisfaction and frustration. The individual usually emphasizes physical attractiveness as means of achieving social validations and acceptance, and improving their mating potential, but does not see physical factors and parameters as a primary aim in life, primary means of achieving their goals and attaining a respectable position. Since this function is a weak one, such individuals often take a lot of pride and enjoyment in being able to skillfully deal with the physical world: manage their appearance such that they look attractive to their friends and partners, take care of their living space and material belongings, cook appealing dishes and take care of their health. However, the individual usually applies efforts in this area at a simple, rudimentary level, enabling himself to meet the standard expectation, and does not develop and invest into it in great complexity and seriousness of approach.

Si as Mobilizing Function

The individual has some difficulties being in tune with internal physical states and discerning the physical properties and potentialities of people and objects, which leads to mishaps and errors of judgement in situations where he has to deal with the physical world. This leads to tension and anxiety, as the individual desires for supportive and harmonious environment, but he is unable to create such an environment himself and dislikes having to put in regular and extensive efforts into maintaining the kind of lifestyle. While he takes care of his basic needs he greatly prefers someone else to take the lead in dealing with the material world. The individual tends to periodically get wound up and uptight, he may engage in overanalysis that is mostly based in theory, while being unable to resolve his internal perceptions and take concrete actions to improve his state. He needs someone to help him resolve these issues, provide him with advice, direction, and evaluation of his own efforts in this area, sensitively discern his needs, resolve and eliminate possible sources of tension that has built up. The individual tends to go into extremes in this area, either neglecting it or trying to overperform.

Si as Ignoring Function (SLE, SEE)

The individual is adept at evaluating physical properties, states and sensations, but in these evaluations he gives priority to external factors and indicators and tends to ignore inner qualities and states. He gets impatient with those who stubbornly focus on maintaining physical rest and harmony, when progress requires change and shuffling of resources, and those who ignore the importance of the external material world in enabling oneself to attain one's goals. These types are well in tune with the physical world that surround them; they spend most of their time interacting with it, getting involved, learning new skills for its handling and management, while ignoring its inner essence.

Si as Demonstrative Function (LSI, ESI)

The individual is confident of his ability to recognize and evaluate physical parameters and indicators, his own condition and appearance and those of others, to discern and accurately evaluate physical features of people, to astutely note and remember properties of objects and effects of various sensory stimuli, such as successful combinations of materials or colors. He can provide a convincing evaluation of these when prompted, however, he regards creation of soothing, stable, convenient states of mere trifling value. He does not treat this area very seriously or allow himself to engage in this often, despite his overall confidence in such matters. He often aims to break such continuous stable states, to shake things up and provoke changes, to prompt others to a response or some other form of activity.

Extroverted Ethics Fe

Introduction to Fe

Extroverted ethics is an extroverted, rational, and dynamic information element. It is also called Fe, E, the ethics of emotions, or black ethics. Fe is generally associated with the ability to recognize and convey (i.e. make others experience) passions, moods, and emotional states, generate excitement, liveliness, and feelings, get emotionally involved in activities and emotionally involve others, recognize and describe emotional interaction between people and groups, and build a sense of community and emotional unity.

Types that value Fe like creating a visible atmosphere of camaraderie with other people. They enjoy a loose atmosphere where anything goes, where people don't have to watch too carefully what they say for fear of offending others. This means these types try not to be too thin-skinned, taking jokes with a grain of salt. However, they are very conscious of the fact that the way something is said is very important to how it will be received, so they tend to add emphasis, embellishments, and exaggerations here and there to keep people engaged. The best way to say something is highly dependent on the situation and the implied purpose of the exchange, so of course levity is not appropriate in some situations.

Even after explosive arguments, these types find it hard to hold grudges, and can tolerate people they in principle don't like, as long as the situation is primarily social and doesn't require too close contact. They prefer misgivings to be out in the open; they believe that the silent treatment is one of the worst things you can do to a person, and only aggravates the underlying problem.

Fe as Leading Function

The individual is always in tune to the unifying and harmonizing aspects in the constant flow of reality that he perceives surrounding him, and responds to these sensitively, spontaneously and directly. He seeks out and creates activities where people are totally invested and engaged in what they are doing, as well as concepts and ideals that will allow people to feel united in their values and purpose. Something's value for him is directly tied to how much coactive zeal it inspires. He is highly proactive about steering the flow of events into the direction he himself considers ideal. He may, for example, try to lighten a tense atmosphere with jokes and optimistic statements, as happens in case of ESE, or, conversely, get people to be serious and concentrated if they are too carefree during a crisis situation or try to instill a sense of purpose if they are too demotivated as happens in case of EIE. Nevertheless, he believes in full investment, for him there are no half-measures.

Fe as Creative Function (IEI, SEI)

The person is very consciously and acutely but only situationally sensitive to harmony of events transpiring around him, tries to affect the course of events to steer them into a more amiable course. He can perceive from an individual, a group, or even from inanimate objects such as the landscape, the state of the physical environment he happens to be in, or his own emotional associations with the place or people around him. He prizes a supportive and friendly atmosphere, and he either tries to promote it himself by directly influencing his environment, or by simply waiting it out or leaving the place with a negative and hostile environment.

For the SEI, this takes an on-the-spot aspect and is reflected in taking concrete actions, being agreeable and responsive to the needs of others, cracking jokes trying to make people laugh and enjoy themselves, or simply moving away from people he perceives as affecting him negatively. The IEI takes a longer-term perspective; so his focus is not on impacting the immediate environment, but rather on general meaning and context of interactions and events, and forming general understanding, notions and impressions about the most favorable course of action in any given situation.

Fe as Role Function (LSE, LIE)

The individual knows how to be tactful and meet the requirements of the general emotional atmosphere, especially in group situations, how to keep up a positive atmosphere as in making entertaining and witty remarks, in the presence of individuals he is already somewhat acquainted with and appreciates. Such efforts, however, are normally simple, low-key, and of short duration, aimed only at meeting the social standards; it is difficult for him to create more involved, extensive and complex displays of positive affects. He finds it difficult to participate in a setting that requires extensive expression of harmonious, positive affect: joy, enthusiasm, appreciation, praises, agreeableness, friendly gestures, speeches that address and involve the harmonious emotions of the audience. The individual makes an effort to be aware of the need not to disrupt the prevailing atmosphere, but he does not succeed for any length of time if these efforts clash with his inner, personal predisposition towards a person or event. A typical example is the person who, in a group of people exchanging pleasantries and casual conversation, will occasionally correct erroneous statements made by others in a way that can be perceived as annoying, despite otherwise making an effort to be friendly and nice to them.

Fe as Vulnerable Function

The individual finds it very difficult to create harmonious, positive atmosphere. If he likes someone, he may express this by acts of service or helpful advice, but he finds himself stuck and unsure in situations that require him to spontaneously express and creatively apply positive personal sentiments, to judge the ethical content of someone's actions or mend some interpersonal situation. He does not readily voice his warmer type of sentiments, since such displays make him feel self-consciousness and vulnerable to painful criticism. This makes the individual generally seem emotionally neutral, personally uninvolved and politely indifferent. At times may seem like he is emotionally blocked or "cooped up", especially to people with Fe as one of ego functions. He is not perceptive or affected by the emotional atmosphere around him and can easily break it by his personal splash of feelings. The individual also deeply dislikes active attempts by others to influence his internal emotion-states, to cheer him up and to emotionally enliven him, and prefers indirect and respectful expressions of sympathies.

Fe as Suggestive Function (LSI, LII)

The individual often becomes engrossed in serious work, which leads him to neglect his complementary need for fun and emotional release. He also feels vulnerable expressing himself spontaneously in public, which allows bad emotions and stress to build up, leading to depression or sudden hostility. He enjoys being around people who make him feel comfortable expressing himself, and who can make every day new and exciting. Although he may present a hard exterior in the company of strangers, he is likely to not be serious at all with people who know him better. His behavior changes radically - a calm and serious structured person will suddenly become jovial and warm.

Fe as Mobilizing Function (SLE, ILE)

The individual longs for situations where people are having fun, laughing and joking, and feel emotionally free and spontaneous. However, he is generally unable to produce this atmosphere himself and uses other means to create situations where there is a good chance that others will take the emotional initiative and create a fun and emotionally stimulating atmosphere. Failure at such attempts are met with dismay, which the individual either hides or reacts to with frustration and annoyance.

Fe as Ignoring Function (EII, ESI)

The individual is perfectly able to integrate in a group emotional situations, such as people having fun and trading jokes, and sustain that for a long period of time. He is also usually adept at promoting such an atmosphere himself. However, he sees no point in doing so if his own inner emotional state does not prompt him towards that, especially if he does not feel as having positive private feelings towards the other people involved. He is aware of the need to keep a "polite façade" in certain social situations even in the presence of people he personally dislikes or during periods of negative inner emotions, but he refuses to actively attempt to integrate in, or promote, a positive external emotional atmosphere in such occasions. His disinclination for doing so increases along with his feelings of closeness with the individuals present.

Fe as Demonstrative Function (SEE, IEE)

The individual appreciates situations where people are enjoying a positive emotional atmosphere as in having fun and joking together, and is quite adept at creating them himself, but does not see creating or promoting them a top priority, nor does he actively look for people who maintain or need such an atmosphere; too high a focus on that is seen by the individual as overdone.

Introverted Ethics Fi

Introduction to Fi

Introverted ethics is an introverted, rational, and static information element. It is also called Fi, R, relational ethics, or white ethics. Fi is generally associated with the ability to gain an implicit sense of the subjective 'distance' between two people, and make judgments based off of said thing. Types with valued Fi strive to make and maintain close, personal relationships with their friends and family. They value sensitivity to others' feelings, and occasionally will make their innermost feelings and sentiments known in order to test the possibility of creating closeness with others.

Also, these types convey emotions in terms of how they were affected by something (such as "I did not like that"), rather than an extroverted ethics (Fe) approach that would describe the object itself without clear reference to the subject involved (such as "That sucked"). Much of their decisions are based on how they themselves, or others in relation to them personally, feel in contrast to considering how "the big picture" is affected (such as groups of people).

Fi as Leading Function (EII, ESI)

The individual sees reality primarily through static personal ethics and stable interpersonal bonds between individuals, including himself, where the status of such interpersonal bonds is determined by his personal ethics. The individual is very confident in evaluating the ethical or moral qualities, and their consistency, of other people. This makes the individual seem "judgemental" or "self-righteous" to people less so inclined. If he has difficulty in deciding the status of a personal relationship, he will take action to try to reach a conclusion but if that continues to elude him, he will regard the relationship as not worth it. His own sense of constancy in personal ethics and in his relationships with others is a very strong factor in his sense of self-worth. Fi in this position implies the ability to almost instantly recognize whether someone is a friend or an enemy, whether they are demonstrating good will or ill will, and whether they are drawn to or repelled by the individual.

Fi as Creative Function (SEE, IEE)

The individual is very adept at perceiving, establishing, and maintaining personal bonds between people. However, these bonds are often perceived as being situational and flexible rather than static. The individual is inclined to focus on establishing personal bonds with other people in the context of realizing or following perceptions from his base function. The person easily creates a sense of closeness and kinship between people by expressing like and acceptance, but these sentiments are situational rather than an expression of permanent feelings. If the person's mood or external situation changes, he or she may "turn off" the feelings instantly, even forgetting whom they had created the feeling of kinship with.

Fi as Role Function (LSI, LII)

The individual recognizes the existence and importance of personal relationships, so he is usually cautious at first about offending others if he does not know them well. To minimize this risk he adheres somewhat simplistically to the relevant social conventions (e.g. political correctness). However, if taken too far this produces stress, as it inhibits his natural introverted logic (Ti) inclination to voice exactly what his thoughts are on a given issue or situation, with the expectation that others will appreciate his straightforwardness, rather than accusing him of being insensitive. This caution gradually disappears as he gets to know people better. He prefers to develop relationships indirectly with others based on open conversation and common activities, and only reveals his innermost personal feelings to those he has known for a long time. He may become confused and suspicious if they are directly solicited by others.

Fi as Vulnerable Function (SLE, ILE)

The individual does not normally pay attention to the nuances of interpersonal relationships; he is either overly suspicious or overly assuming of his relations with others when they are not clearly defined. More importance is given to these relations as they pertain to objective mutual benefit; entertaining one another and accomplishing mutual goals are seen as the main focus, rather than seeing the relationships as rewarding in and of themselves. The individual does not expect others to be actively aware or concerned with his own personal sentiments, and so sees little reason to be concerned with those of others, unless they have direct consequences for the individual. Statements by other persons reflecting their inner feelings are not fully registered by the individual if not accompanied by external emotional expression or actions. Suggestions that the individual may have acted unethically in the eyes of another person who has not clearly expressed disapproval are met with bafflement by the individual; those that are expressed without tact are either dismissed or reacted to aggressively. Expressions of deep personal sentiments are awkward for the individual, whether coming from another or himself. He does not see it as his "right" to place the burden of his true emotions on another, both because he knows how uncomfortable those of others make him (even when they are positive and genuine), and because of his own awkwardness in expressing them.

Fi as Suggestive Function (LIE, LSE)

The individual longs for close personal relationships where personal and private experiences can be shared easily in an atmosphere of mutual trust, sustained by shared sentiments and ethical beliefs that make external expression of emotions unnecessary. The individual is inclined to take first steps, but he is not confident of his ability to correctly evaluate the existence or status of such a relationship and therefore is attracted to persons who value clear and unambiguous personal relationships with others and who follow a clear set of ethical principles, which gives them credibility and makes them deserving of trust in the individual's eyes.

The individual tends not to consider whether people are friends or enemies or whether they feel good will or ill will towards them. Instead, he or she usually acts right from the start as if the other person were a friend or an enemy based on their prior knowledge of what the person does. This makes it possible to mistake a friend for an enemy and vice versa. Only gradually does the individual come to recognize what feelings others have for him, and there is always an element of doubt unless others express those feelings verbally and unambiguously and act in a way that clearly matches their stated feelings, over a sufficient period of time. The individual is easily made insecure about the status of personal relationships and needs frequent reassurance that the other person's feelings have not changed.

The individual is sheepish about expressing his personal feelings about people ("I find you really interesting" or "I like you a lot"), but responds very well to these statements, as if they were unexpected treats. Instead, the person tends to focus on whether others' behavior makes sense or not.

Fi as Mobilizing Function (ILI, SLI)

The individual longs for establishing stable personal relationships with other individuals based on mutual trust and understanding where deeper and private feelings and experiences can be easily shared. However, the individual lacks the initiative to establish such relationships and usually expects others to make gestures in that area, admiring those who do so. In the context of extroverted ethics (Fe) as a vulnerable function, it should be emphasized that these types especially value emotional bonds where feelings go unsaid between partners, and are simply "understood."

Fi as Ignoring Function (EIE, ESE)

This is manifested as a skepticism about, or reluctance to decide on, the status of a deeper personal bond in a relationship between two individuals in the absence of signs in external emotional expression that should reflect that status. For instance, the individual will be inclined to regard as "loveless" or lukewarm the relationship of a couple who do not obviously display their mutual affection and remain rather subdued in their emotions in the presence of others. The individual understands discussions or explorations of one's own inner feelings regarding other individuals but finds them less interesting and relevant than those focusing on one's emotional state in the same situation.

Fi as Demonstrative Function (IEI, SEI)

The individual is quite adept at understanding the interactions in personal bonds between two individuals, even in the absence of an obvious external emotional expression; but he is inclined to regard them as of lesser importance, and less interesting, than the broader emotional interactions in the context of a larger group. Moreover, those personal bonds are perceived as situational and dynamic rather than static.

Extroverted Logic Te

Introduction to Te

Extroverted logic is an rational, extroverted, and dynamic IM element. It is also referred to as Te, P, algorithmic logic, practical logic, or black logic (because the symbol is black). Extroverted logic deals with the external activity of objects, i.e the how, what and where of events, activity or work, behaviour, algorithms, movement, and actions. The how, what and where of events would be the external activity of events, activity or work would be the external activity of a machine or individual(s) and algorithms describe the external activity of objects.

Since Te perceives objective, factual information outside the subject (external activity) and analyzes the rationale and functionality of what is happening or being done or said. "Quality" to a Te type is how well an object performs the functions for which it was made. A Te type can judge a person to be "effective" if he is able to achieve his purposes without wasting any energy or producing unwanted side effects. So Te types basically evaluate people and things using the same criteria.

Te as Leading Function (LIE, LSE)

Extroverted logic as base function is manifested as a need to accumulate factual information, also from external sources such as books, second-hand information, etc, on matters of personal interest or of professional activity. This also gives these types confidence on being well-informed on the same matters, which enables them to enter arguments related to them with confidence on their knowledge, which may come across as arrogance to others. Another manifestation is an evaluation of external reality - work activities, world events, finances, procedures, personal relationships, conversations - from the point of view of factual accuracy and "making sense" and efficiency. It leads to an inclination to be proactive in increasing the efficiency and reasonableness of the external world, as well as a sense of self-worth connected on being involved and productive in activities seen as useful, profitable, or that increase one's knowledge base. To give out information that the individual knows not to be factually accurate is disturbing and avoided as much as possible.

Te as Creative Function (ILI, SLI)

It is manifested as a preference for factual accuracy over ideological consistency, and for objective, "harsh" communication over careful words that avoid a negative atmosphere. A view of the external environment being efficient, reasonable, and making sense is essential to their well-being and sense of inner peace, but they do not feel a pressing need for being proactive or productive themselves in that area.

Te as Role Function (EIE, ESE)

It is manifested as a need to appear efficient, productive and knowledgeable in their endeavours, as long as that does not conflict with priorities set up by their base function, extroverted feeling. For instance, they may end up defending a decision or action that is not the most efficient but it is the one they see as most desirable in order to achieve or maintain the emotional atmosphere they are aiming at (for instance, not be seen as hostile to a given person or group).

Te as Vulnerable Function (IEI, SEI)

That is manifested as a skepticism and dislike for basing your beliefs, arguments, and actions on external sources of information. For instance, a SEI will rather trust the expertise of someone who seems to have hands-on experience, even if limited, than of someone who demonstrates to have read many books on the same subject. IEIs will base their opinions and views on their own personal insights and be, again, skeptical of "second-hand" factual information that contradicts it. "Don't trust everything you read" is a typical sneer of this function, especially when applied to sources of information otherwise seen as neutral and reliable, such as encyclopedias and handbooks. Another manifestation is a dislike for dealing with issues involving efficiency, productivity, and factual accuracy of statements made; statements are made according to input from other functions, not from double-checks against external facts which are seen as of lesser relevance to the issue at hand. Types with this function lack confidence in their ability to find relevant information in outside sources.

Te as Suggestive Function (EII, ESI)

The individual is attracted to people seen as knowledgeable, as well as truthful and willing to share that knowledge, in matters seen as interesting and useful to the individual towards achieving productivity and efficiency. Reliable information rather than the finished analysis is what attracts the individual; facts and explanations, not answers limited to the conclusions. For the same reason, the individual avoids people who are inclined to give out unreliable or simply untruthful information. The individual tends to neglect to think about the productivity of his actions and unconsciously relies on others to give him directions and advice about the best, most productive ways of doing things. He has difficulties measuring how much work he has done, whether it is sufficient, and how much it is actually worth. The individual admires people who are aware of the productivity of their actions and are always trying to do something rational and worthwhile.

Te as Mobilizing Function (SEE, IEE)

The individual is keen on accumulating factual knowledge on subjects of personal interest and those that help him be more efficient and productive, but he's often unsure of his ability to find and select the correct information and is therefore attracted to people whom he sees as competent in that area and reassure him.

Te as Ignoring Function (LSI, LII)

The individual is adept at finding external sources of factual information and confident in his ability to evaluate their value, but regards collecting data as secondary to making them fit into a consistent logical system. To him, listing facts without analyzing their relationships is a trivial and boring exercise. He values efficiency and productivity but is skeptical that they will be achieved if one's actions and process do not follow a clear procedure.

Te as Demonstrative Function (SLE, ILE)

The individual is adept at recognizing which aspects of an information, statement, or action are factually accurate in the sense of checking them against available external sources of information, but he tends to see this as lesser importance in comparison to their internal logical consistency when pursuing a concept fed by Ne or Se. To focus on the facts, also when giving out information, is seen as rather pointless when there is an Ne idea to be explored or a Se power to be gained.

Introverted Logic Ti

Introduction to Ti

Introverted logic is an introverted, rational, and static information element. It is also called Ti, L, structural logic, or white logic.

Ti is generally associated with the ability to recognize logical consistency and correctness, generate and apply classifications and systems, organize systematic and conceptual understanding, see logical connections between things (including logical similarities, differences, and correlations) by means of instinctive feelings of validity, symmetry, and even beauty. It is like common sense, in that it builds on one's expectations of reality, through a somewhat personal, though explicable, understanding of general truths and how they are manifested.

Types that value Ti naturally question the consistency of beliefs that are taken for granted in everyday life. They strongly prefer to make decisions based on their own experience and judgement, as opposed to relying on external authorities for knowledge, which they use only as a last resort. They also have respect for people with clearly defined and internally consistent opinions, believing that a sense of internal certainty is necessary for orienting oneself in life. To these types, one's personal standards of truth are more reliable than public consensus.

They see overly pragmatic views as shallow, and try to limit public discussion of mundane practical matters. They are especially sensitive to redundant information.

Ti as Leading Function (LSI, LII)

The individual views reality through the lens of logic, immediately recognizing the correctness and appropriateness of things and their proper place in reality and in his system of views and behavior. He freely makes logical assertions, often exaggerated, about new information and experience. He holds highest those rules to which exceptions do not exist, and is a habitual critic of people or things that don't follow a set of rules, whether they are those accepted by the community, or his own, or even the other person's. Although he is able to adopt others' rules, his own are always the last word, and these are subject to continual refinement. Often seen as "demanding", due to high standards.

Ti as Creative Function (SLE, ILE)

The individual easily generates logical systems and formulations to explain a set of phenomena that he has experienced or studied. However, these logical systems or explanations are not viewed as permanent or all-encompassing, but can be improved upon or even discarded as new experience and information is added.

Ti as Role Function (EII, ESI)

The individual is able to talk about things from a dispassionate academic or theoretical point of view for brief periods of time, but seems overly bookish when doing so and tends to grows tense. When feeling obliged to justify logically a personal decision taken for reasons determined by , the individual attempts to do so but grows quickly annoyed especially if the inconsistency in the logical argument is pointed out. He then either explains the ethical motivation or avoids the issue altogether.

Ti as Vulnerable Function (SEE, IEE)

The individual has a tendency to either completely reject or completely embrace a source of theoretical knowledge, but does not like to reveal the source or his adherence to it. He prefers to limit the number of theoretical categories he works with and tends to see new terminology, systems, and rules as being arbitrary and unnecessary until he at last discovers their necessity for himself through extensive personal experience. He may be able to express his views clearly when given the time, but he is not prepared to deal with people who challenge his views and draw him into logical arguments and disputes. For this reason, he is reluctant to publicize new determinations and opinions until he is absolutely sure that they are right and that he can support them thoroughly to anyone who challenges them.

Ti as Suggestive Function (EIE, ESE)

The individual has great admiration for people with well-developed systems of views. He especially likes clear and concise explanations of concepts, rather than a lot of background information about them that is not directly pertinent. He wants his actions to make sense, and thus needs external assurance that the conceptual understanding behind them is correct. If he cannot find a source of certainty, he may become flustered and unable to act rationally at all.

Ti as Mobilizing Function (IEI, SEI)

The individual seeks clarity in his system of beliefs and understanding and enjoys entertaining new concepts and being included in philosophical discussions where new concepts and systems of thought are introduced. He is uncertain of the logical clarity backing his actions, and thus seeks external assistance in attaining a degree of reasonable competence in this realm. Structure is sought as more of a means to an end, a background guide to facilitate the growth of the individual's main goal.

Ti as Ignoring Function (LIE, LSE)

The individual understands easily, but is largely indifferent to, discussions that focus on the internal logic of ideas and systems. The individual perceives such logical systems as largely worthless to his goals and finds them completely uninteresting and unproductive.

Ti as Demonstrative Function (ILI, SLI)

The individual often criticizes others' views from a logical standpoint, picking apart statements and postulates and showing that they are logically flawed. However, he does not choose to do this excessively and does not expect that reality can be accurately expressed in a neat logical systematic anyway.

source: http://sociotype.com/

Shorthand Information Element Descriptors:

Aspects/Elements

[E]xternal/Explicit (Se, Te, Ti, Si) = Extrinsic, Exogenous, Explicit, Ostension, Denotation, Export, Tangible, Apparent, Empirical, Direct, Salient, Overt, Literal, Manifest, Patent, Evident, Exterior
[I]nterna/Implicit (Ne, Fe, Fi, Ni) = Intrinsic, Endogenous, Implicit, Intension, Signification, Import, Intangible, Inherent, Inferential, Indirect, Latent, Covert, Suggestive, Dormant, Suspect, Ulterior, Interior, Potential, Underlying, Subtextual

[O]bject (Se, Te, Ne, Fe) = Objective, Variant, Distinct, Discrete, Linear, Reductionistic, Particulate, Quantitative, Elemental, Content
[F]ield (Ti, Si, Fi, Ni) = Subjective, Covariant, Inseparable, Continuous, Nonlinear, Holistic, Fluid, Qualitative, Relational, Context

[S]tatic (Se, Ti, Ne, Fi) = Spatial, Scalar, Magnitude, Extent, Degree, Constant
[D]ynamic (Te, Si, Fe, Ni) = Temporal, Vector, Flux, Duration, Span, Variable

Aspect/Element Pairs

[OS] Object Statics (Se, Ne) = Percepts, Arrays, Sensums, Datums, Quantity, Dimension, Scalars, Bits, Points, Series, Indices, Markers, Differentia, Instantia, Delimitants, Assize, Assay, Registers, Criterion, Properties, Attributes, Parameters, Circumstances, Characteristics, Features, Aspects, Traits, Facets, Details, Factors, Entities, Referents, Particulars, Content, Substance, Quantia, Contours, Foreground
[OD] Object Dynamics (Te, Fe) = Causality, Vectors, Path, Course, Trajectories
[FS] Field Statics (Ti, Fi) = Coherence, Constellation, Phase, State, Harmony, Concinnity, Continuity, Connections, Relations, Alignment, Structure, Crystallization, Coalescion, Configuration, Reticulation, Matrix, Linkage, Arrangement, Consistence, Cohesion, Cogency, Congruence, Consonance, Concordance
[FD] Field Dynamics (Si, Ni) = Flows, Fluxes, Context, Schema, Gestalt, Qualia, Background, Theme, Overtone, Undertone

[EO] External Objects (Se, Te) = Force, Phenomenon, Effect, Momentum, Reactance, Discernables
[IO] Internal Objects (Ne, Fe) = Isomorphisms, Form, Appearance, Suggestives, Suppositions, Reticulation, Nodalities, Homologies, Recursions, Propagations
[EF] External Fields (Ti, Si) = Phase, State, Space, Wave, Stasis, Set Points, Parameters
[IF] Internal Fields (Fi, Ni) = Emergence, Essence, Intension, Locus, Convergence, Focii, Coalescence

[E_S] External Statics (Se, Ti) = Tensors, Instances
[E_D] External Dynamics (Te, Si) = Flux, Variance, Perturbation
[I_S] Internal Statics (Ne, Fi) = Constellations, Nodalities, Equivalences
[I_D] Internal Dynamics (Fe, Ni) = Attractors, Cynosures

Process Names

[EOS] External Object Statics (Se ) = Phenonema (Experiential, Scalar, Absolute, Emphasis, Contrast, Threshold, Values, Texture, Magnitude, Divergence, Span, Extent, Ambit, Scope)
[EOD] External Object Dynamics (Te ) = Evolution (Variance, Variation, Propensity, Vergence, Refluence, Occurrence, Operance, Procession, Modulation, Reactance, Incumbence, Incurrence, Incidence, Transcaction, Translation, Consequence, Etiology, Determinance)
[EFS] External Field Statics (Ti ) = Colligation (Coherence, Predication, Postulation, Contingence, Cogency, Abduction, Casuistical, Accordance, Consistency, Conditions, Parameterization, Correspondence, Commensurability, Cohesion, Mapping, Axiomatization, Dependence, Adherence)
[EFD] External Field Dynamics (Si ) = Homeostasis
[IOS] Internal Object Statics (Ne ) = Modularization (Perspectival, Polygonization, Schematization, Parameterization, Transposition, Component, Partitions, Contours, Lineaments, Delimitants, Iteration, Recursion, Permutation, Conformation, Isomorphism, Semblance, Equivalence, Differentia, Instantia, Indices, Atomistic)
[IOD] Internal Object Dynamics (Fe ) = Induction (Involution)
[IFS] Internal Field Statics (Fi ) = Resonance (Essence, Valence, Synthesis, Consilience, Complexity, Negative Space, Potentiality)
[IFD] Internal Field Dynamics (Ni ) = Essentiation (Consilience, Emergence, Apperception, Integration, Gestalt, Cynosure, Focal Point, Nucleus, Coalescence, Distillation, Subtilization)

Further theoretical discussion: https://web.archive.org/web/20140809...al-discussion/

Explicit (E) - Something demonstrable. Regards stimulus directly, interpreting for sensorial qualities or extant facts.
Implicit (I) - Something inferred. Regards stimulus indirectly, interpreting for conceptual qualities or affective values.

Object (O) - Perspective is directed outside the self and towards the subject's appraisal of the stimulus.
Field (F) - Perspective is drawn inside the self and concerns the subject's interrelationship with the stimulus.

Static (S) - Discerns a stimulus in terms of fixed attributes, yielding cues to establish a given context, with particular respect to their separable distinctions.
Dynamic (D) - Discerns a stimulus in terms of mutable attributes, its changes with respect to a given context, as well its synthesis and interactions.

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1. Beautiful sky -
Originally Posted by article
"Ne as Creative Function

The individual likes to apply his insight to specific situations, relating them to the bigger picture. He also enjoys discussing idealized circumstances or what could be rather than what is. Consequently, he usually has high standards, even unreasonably so, for those around him. He does not pursue ideas or new opportunities merely for their own sake, but for their application to specific questions and issues that he feels are important."

Sometimes I worry about the health of my relations in the future and my "standards" gets me to construct a program of good health for them

Sometimes the unintelligent ones don't like that
1. Cuddly McFluffles -
@siuntal What source is this from? The Wiki?
1. Beautiful sky -
Somebody revise Se polr

It should say that the person's physical space gets invaded easily because the person doesn't care about materials and hardly cares. Tries hard to mobilize others but fails and when it does and she realizes it she cries over her unsuccessful attempts and gives up and doesn't try. Instead she buys yummy pastries and has tea with friends who provide hugs and love who she can care for. Also she can have a horrible time matching colors and textures and can't figure out the best combination to put material things like colors together. she relies on others to make a personal space aesthetic and comfortable. She does rarely pick out somethong pretty and outstanding and that is because something non material, like wistful and romantic, stands out for her. she would rather not live in the material world with stuff but in the world with human beings and relationships and interations.