Compatibility and Duality
Introduction to psihofunktsionalnyh (psychofunctional) interactions.
Gulenko VV , VV Meged 1995
Practical socionics research and consultation has led us to the conclusion that the compatibility and duality - not identical concepts. Areas of manifestations of these processes lie in different layers of the psychological scope of the individual.
In our previous work, in particular in the article "The number of types in sociological analysis" (1990), we provide 4 levels of manifestation of personality - information, social, psychological and psycho-physical.Information and psychological levels, which are reflected in sociomodel in blocks Ego and Superid occupy the internal volume of the individual and the social and psycho-physical, which correspond to the blocks Superego and Id, are located the outer shell.
This model of the psyche will take the form of four nested spaces of identity, two of which form the inner core, and the other two - its outer layer. This is the projection of the model on the plane:
CORECode:+----------+---------+ | Kernel | Shell | +-----+----+----+----+ | Ego | | | | +-----+ | | | | SuperID | | | +----------+ | | | ID | | +---------------+ | | SuperEgo | +--------------------+
EGO - rigid frame of the person that defines the way of information exchange, virtually unchanged throughout life. Capable of marking, imprint on the plastic part of the psyche of others.
SUPERID - mobile, "soft" layer of the psyche, which initially contains only archetypes - information prints preceding evolution. Tabula rasa, on which traces of accumulated information on the identity of the outside influences.
ID - part of the psyche, which manages the personal space of a person that exists within the informal (close) communicative distance. Vividly the psychic layer appears in animals as a reluctance to allow outsiders into their territory.
SUPEREGO - part of the psyche, which forms the external behaviors of the person are used to adapt to a particular society. Acting either within the formal communicative distance, or in a foreign invasion of personal space.
Based on this model, we can now make a clear distinction between duality and compatibility. By duality we understand the internal options of the same type of mentality to others, and by compatibility - additional external one type of behavior to others. Therefore, there may be, on the one hand, the types of dual mentality incompatible social behavior, and the other - compatible forms of social behavior on the psychological types of non-duality.
So, inner complementarity - a concerted effort blocks Ego and Superid interacting sociotypes. External complementarity - coordinated work of the id and superego blocks sociotypes. Full complementarity - a concerted effort of all four units. Traditional socionics table intertype relationships recorded only one type of complementarity (optional) - internal. We offer you a justification for the appearance of complementarity, which for practical socionics, solve problems real compatibility is often more important than the duality. The real compatibility, unlike the static nature of duality is psihofunktsionalny.
Such an approach clarifies the confusion evoked earlier cases when representatives of dual sociotypes could not if they wanted to get along fine, and vice versa, and even conflict reviznye sotsiotipy cooperate effectively. An example of the latter is, in particular, and this article, the authors of which are sotsiotipam LII and IEA.
Socionics as an integrated discipline of the individual, in our opinion, should integrate itself both types of complementarity. How to describe the compatibility is not theoretical, but practical, real? We have analyzed the many approaches in the description (psihofunktsionalnogo) psychofunctional level by different authors: T.Liri, G.Ayzenka, R.Kettela and other. It should be reminded that under (psihofunktsionalnym) psychofunctional level of personality manifestation, we understand the way people interact in a long time in a limited area. Examples: crew, family, group travel, mates, etc. Comparing these approaches to the best of our experience, we came to the conclusion that in order to determine the compatibility (psihofunktsionalnom) psychofunctional level is necessary and sufficient to enter into the machine (sotsioniki) socionics two new binary scale.
What is the scale? They are a generalization of the two dimensions of personality, which generally agree the above-mentioned researchers. For T.Liri stops on axes "anger-love" and "strength - weakness" G.Ayzenk "extraversion - introversion" and "neuroticism" R.Kettel QI "eksviya-inviya" and QII "trevozhnost- fitness" R.Akoff and F.Emeri - "externality- internality" and "objectivity - subjectivity." Our scale, which we have developed for socionic practice called "an initiality - terminality" and "ignoring - connectivity." All of the above measure of personal space can be represented as different projections for consideration to the proposed system of coordinates. Consider both (psihofunktsionalnye) psychofunctional scale basis.
"An initiality - terminality" can be called a scale acceleration. The initiators - options sociotypes gravitating towards an initial pole - are carriers of negative acceleration behavior: they develop the most productive in the early work. The closer to the completion of the work, the more they "run out of steam," looking for a new point of application of forces tend to switch, parallel to instigate new business. Terminators - options sociotypes settling on a scale closer to the pole "terminal" - on the contrary, did not immediately included in the new job requires a certain internal training, but if you have drawn, their productivity is on the increase and they effectively bring it started to end. This type of social behavior with positive acceleration.
Considering measure on this scale, each sociotype splits into two subtypes. Thus obtained subtypes have already briefly described in the article "On the question of subtypes" (1990). Level 32 has long been used by us in socionics consultations. A year ago, it was presented at a conference in Sventoji. We are talking about social cut personality, which is used to predict the compatibility of formal production teams. Under such circumstances, the communication distance of communication is quite close, but there is no limit on the length of stay on it: the increasing contradictions it can easily be increased.
"Ignoring - connectivity" - a range of feedback, which describes the interaction of man with the environment. In "ignorers" - version sociotypes, gravitating to the pole "ignoring" - a sign of a positive feedback: the more the surrounding come to meet him, the more he pays attention to them, and the less they are interested in, the less the response to external stimuli.
Hazvanie "ignorers" chosen us because this option sociotypes generally poorly accounts for the effect of the external environment - "ignore" it. He does not have a persistent desire to bind the people even liked him. It is slightly adaptable people who can not adequately adapt to environmental changes. He owns only the simplest type of feedback type "yes" or "no-no".
"Ignorers" converges easily with people (not necessarily on its own!), but just as easy, and parted with them. It is quite self-contained, inclined to pursue its independent line, not paying attention, make it even close people around him or not.
"Connector" (from the English. "Connection" - link) - version sociotypes, tending to the pole, "connectivity", well able, if necessary, adjust to the changing environment. He has not so much positive as negative feedback: responsive to the increase in abnormalities, reducing the available means. The less people go around to meet him, the more he pays attention to it, it is activated.
Pronounced "connector" or he is very affectionate, or actively seeks to bind the interest of his people. Such a person needs a certain time to enter the "engagement" with the other person, but if he met someone very strives to keep steady satisfied with his attitude or his own showing tolerance, or causing others to do so.
When taking into account of the scale of each of the 32 sociotypes again broken in half, forming as a result of 64 variants of the individual. This amount of options is enough to describe satisfactorily (psihofunktsionalny) psychofunctional level of human interaction.
For greater clarity, we give an outline of Education four subtypes based on the above two orthogonal scales:
Code:Ignoring | AI | IT | Initiating- - - - + ---- terminality | CI | CT | connectivity
Connectivity initiator (CI) - is an energetic, assertive, determined within their social type person who sets himself clear, realistic goals, and usually achieve them. He is able to quickly and accurately analyze the situation and focuses on large-scale, mainly in the task at hand. Ha stuff is not exchanged. For CI characterized by a strong pragmatic orientation, focus on their own interests. This leads to the fact that towards the end it neglects any available means. Bright subtype, especially if it is sensation, able to walk to his goal over the heads of others.
Through an initial CI has a strong need to be right, and thanks to connectivity - to manage the situation. This combination makes him a man, constantly vying for glory, honor, influence. In any case, for which CI is taken, it has an underlying installation of victory. It is part of the risk, it is impatient and does not tolerate those who hesitate in making decisions. KI hardly recognize his mistakes, but success is learning what interested. He developed the ambition: often seeks to acquire a high position, a prestigious status. The desire to make a career - a characteristic feature of this subtype of men.
In what follows we call this the dominant subtype and denoted D (from the English. "Dominate" - dominion, rule). Dominant subtype can manifest itself in two main varieties - DX and DY. The hallmark of DX - immediately attempts authoritarian control and domination, but in case of failure can take a flexible position. A feature of DY - first part of the trust, a man tying one way or another, and only then exhibits authoritarian features.
Ignorativny initiator (AI) - a creative, enthusiastic, looking for people. His attention is not fixed on the details, figures, facts and rigorous proofs. Something simplifying AI builds holistic concepts and images that have internal proportionality and harmony. He has been a strong tendency to synthesis - combining various, sometimes quite similar ideas and the creation of new and original. Because of its AI ignorativnosti little inclined to make concessions. On the contrary, he often sharpens the conflict, paying no attention to the allegations. He is sarcastic, witty. For this subtype is very important inflow of new experiences that give him the material for the synthesis. There is nothing more boring for him immutability, routine instructions. Interest in him prevails over use.
AI - tireless preacher of his ideas, grouping like-minded people. However, it lacks diplomacy: he is quick-tempered, short-tempered in defending their theories and proposals, especially when it comes to extrovert.Because of initial AI also lacks persistence and consistency to implement their plans in life. This subtype will henceforth be called creative and denoted C (from the English. "Create" - create, create).
Ignorativny terminator (IT) - a man of order, system integrity and accuracy. It is characterized by hard work, diligence, and responsibility. Arising out of the terminal patient and methodical, the need to bring the follow through make it a competent specialist in your field.
IT has a desire for clear and reliable information. He always tries to bring order to the region, with which it has to face. All available information is usually systematized, placed on shelves. Especially clearly expressed in the quality of logic. System and Analysis - its strengths. IT computes a result or obtains it by many observations or experiments. He tries not to miss a single link in the chain of reasoning, and when others do, have difficulty in understanding. IT is very attentive to detail, details.
IT usually likes to clear mode, he does not like unexpected surprises - the usual or intended change the course of events. He always organizes, arranges as best people and things around them. The types of work, where there are deadlines, determined by access to information and equipment, there are instructions for action, IT surpasses all other subtypes.
This subtype will be called normalizing and denoted by N (from the English. "Normalize" - to organize).
Connectivity terminator (CT) - a man, the main value of which is peace, harmony and well-being of their own and their loved ones. CT - the most benevolent subtype, keeping the stability of the family, team, group.
CT is able to listen to people, to show their understanding of their problems, to empathize with someone else's joy and sorrow. Especially these qualities are seen in ethics. Through connectivity CT quite affectionate, sensitive to changes in the external environment, is doing everything in its power to restore the lost peace.
For this reason, it sometimes lacks firmness, integrity. As a result of the CT is prone to self-incrimination, reflection. Although this subtype, and does not aspire to power, but becomes a passionate defender of the people and be firm when violated the laws of justice and morality. Subtype CT peculiar and best spiritual qualities. This is a man who is capable of self-sacrifice, refuses personal gain for the benefit of others, if he sees that they need it most. Although he is a good psychologist or a diplomat, but weak in political games, when you need to act not only flexible, but quickly and decisively, without fear to destroy the established status quo.
This subtype will be called harmonizing and denote H (from the English. "Harmonize" - harmonize).
Finally, consider the actual question of subtype relations, and concluded that the procedural regularity of compatibility of people, regardless of their basic type.
Obviously, each subtype may enter into communication with the other three subtypes and subtype identity itself. Thus, there are four groups (psihofunktsionalnyh) psychofunctional relationship, namely:
1) equal cooperation,
2) cooperation in terms of management,
3) and the confrontation
4) heterogeneous group of identical relations.
The full set, they are presented in a so-called (psihofunktsionalnoy) psychofunctional quadra. Here are her scheme where relations of cooperation, or equivalence marked "<->" attitude of confrontation - "|", the management, or the implication - "->":
And now characterize the resulting group relations.Code:C ----> N | | D ----> H
4.1. Equal partnership (equivalence).
D <-> N, ie, D-N-subtype equivalent subtype. N follows through D, organizes experience, always has the information to make informed decisions. At the same time, because of its stability and rigidity can easily withstand the pressure D, sends it into the mainstream of law and order.
C <-> H, ie, C-H-equivalent subtype subtype. C gratefully accepts attentive and caring H, who readily responded to his initiative in the case. H, in turn, appreciates C for his enthusiasm, passion, originality.
4.2. Confrontation (non-equivalence of the sum modulo 2).
D \ / C, i.e. D-subtype is not equivalent to C-subtype. Aspiring to subordinate to its influence the course of events D encounters with independent C, which opposes his sober calculation exciting, but long-term outlook. D C considers frivolous and weak man, and CD authoritarian egomaniac.
N \ / H, i.e. N-subtype is not equivalent to H-subtype. The cause of confrontation - the opposite direction in the behavior. N especially appreciates the interests of business and routine, and H - good relations, peace and comfort. As a result, N H considers unorganized and irresponsible man, and HN soulless bureaucrat.
4.3. Management (implication).
C -> N, i.e. C-N-subtype implies subtype. This kind of management is democratic. Hovye ideas and projects C can be made clear and consistent, not lose sight of the details of N. These relationships are good for the business sector, but quickly deteriorated in an informal setting.
D - / -> H, ie, D-subtype implies H-subtype. This kind of management is authoritarian. Ha practice, this means that the active and decisive actions to achieve the objective D, which generate a lot of discontent and disharmony around, can be improved and smoothed seeking stability in H. H informal relationships quickly came under the influence confident D.
4.4. Identical relations.
There are four: HH, NN, CC and DD. This group is heterogeneous relations in the degree of compatibility. The easiest way to get on two harmonizing subtype and did not get on the two dominant. On this basis all relationships are built in a row, starting with the most compatible to the least consistent: H \ / H, N / \ N, C / C, D | D.
Two H-subtypes bind relationships disjunction \ / - mutual respect and recognition of each other's rights. Compatibility in this relationship is lost only when the two are passive.
Two subtypes of N-linked ratio of conjunction / \ - mechanical sum, cool to each other, sometimes reaching up to indifference. Compatibility is saved only when both are making to this effort.
Two C-subtype linked attitude that language of mathematical logic called antikonyunktsiey (Sheffer stroke "/"). Ha practice, it manifests itself as a mutual interest in each other. Compatibility in this respect can only be guaranteed if the division of spheres of influence, ie, when one is active and the other passive, passive or both.
Two D-subtype bind ratio, which in mathematical logic called antidizyunktsiya (Pierce arrow "|"), and means in practice slight to each other as a result of competition. Compatibility in this pair is maintained only provided that both partners are passive. Now imagine all 16 psihofunktsionalnyh elations in tabular form:
5.0.Code:+ --- + ----- + ----- + ----- + ----- + | | D | C | N | H | + --- + ----- + ----- + ----- + ----- + | D | | | \ / | <-> | / -> | + --- + ----- + ----- + ----- + ----- + | C | \ / | / | -> | <-> | + --- + ----- + ----- + ----- + ----- + | N | <-> | <- | / \ | \ / | + --- + ----- + ----- + ----- + ----- + | H | <- / | <-> | \ / | \ / | + --- + ----- + ----- + ----- + ----- +
And last, but not least, a problem that inevitably arises in dealing with the socionic typology. Everyone knows that the human psyche - the formation of a mobile. How do we reconcile the fact of personality dynamics in time and fixity sociotypes? Ha this legitimate question has no reasonable enough response available socionic literature in the framework of our theory, we can respond to it as follows. Subtype able to evolve. This semi-rigid formation, which may change under the influence of natural environment or focused education. The speed of evolution, however. small: for an explicit shift subtype need a lot of years. Obviously if this occurs, no more than 1 - 2 times a person's life.
Evolution basically goes on the scale of "ignorativnost-connectivity." If you are exploring the psychological type of person you will find that this scale is not defined, which means that a person is in an intermediate state. If this state for one reason or another is delayed for a long time, there is a fifth subtype - transition. We shall denote it 0.
Zero subtype - is, in fact, difficult to predict the manifestation of the person of each of the four subtypes of normal - D, C, N or H. Internally - people is not satisfied with the way of life they lead today. 0 subtype - a man without a rod. It has, as a rule, low self-esteem and looking for a new lifestyle. This subtype is often an intermediate stage, after which a person can reach a new level of development. Ha respects zero structure is reflected in the negative. A person in a state of transition is equally difficult to get along with any of the usual psycho. Greater understanding, however, he finds with H-subtype, which tends to smooth out sharp angles and respected man of his quest Ya
And now let's summarize. Having learned the theory psihofunktsionalnyh interactions, you gather a lot of interesting things for themselves. Subtype relationship unlike intertype much more pronounced and therefore easily identifiable.
We have found that when a person describes what he has and how he acts, he usually says from his inner self, and therefore easier to see its internal type. And when a person describes the co-operation and relationships with other people, it is better to see his psihofunktsionalnaya shape and clearly show through 16 of subtype relationships. Quite clearly evident difference motives, on the one hand, and its results, on the other.
All practitioners sotsionike for learning level 64, we recommend to analyze the circle of close and distant acquaintances and by comparing actual to establish relations with the above subtypes to identify their relatives and friends. As practice shows, a brief description of the subtype similar driven us is enough.
The proposed method will bring you a lot of joy of recognition and respond to the many "why" that have emerged in the comparison pealnyh relations and predictable methods 16 tipnye socionics.