Here is my crazy idea of how people gather information. These are the four ways that people gather information with two negative ways and two positives.
When someone is given information, they must pass it through a filtering process and if it gets caught with what they believe, it gets thrown out. It is a very excellent way to gather information since lies can be detected and truthful, accurate information gets through. The downfall of this is that information that is too strange or extreme will be dismissed as folly even if it may be true.
When this person is given information, they will consider all the options that are within a flexible open border. They will believe contradictory information and hold both ideas as true until further information becomes available. This helps this person to question the world they live in by looking at it through different angles and this enables the person to figure out hidden truths. The downfall of this is that the person will have trouble in finding the actual truth.
A person of this tendency will believe almost anything told to him/her even it it doesn't make any sense. The benefit of this is that they will discover a lot of hidden truths, however they will find themselves believing in a load of trash as a result of it. If contradictory beliefs conflict with eachother, this person will believe in both, but will not realize that they even contradict, thus resulting in a lot of ignorance and brainwashing.
A person that gathers information in this manner will use the first source of information as the only source. If this person believes in something firsthand, it will likely not change even if a lengthy description or other information suggests otherwise. They tend to believe what the norm suggests and will argue or criticize anythinh that falls out of those boundaries. This results in a lot of ignorance brainwashing, since the person will likely not stray away from their original belief.
All people tend to gather information in all these manner in certain percentages. Though, everyone has their own dominant way to gather information.
From observations, I would say that intuitive people tend to be multiple gatherers and absorbed gatherers. Sensors tend to be selective gathers and primary gatherers. Of course you could get people that tend to be equal or even stray away from that observation.