Non-creative, Non-leading: the Subtle Wisdom of the Follower
In a society that prizes leadership and creativity over "mediocrity", we are often enticed to look down upon those who have little confidence in themselves either to lead or to be creative. These people instead ask what creative efforts are actually of use, and whether or not a person is leading in the right direction. One of the consequences of this cultural malady is evident in the White House to this day: the masses' choice of leadership continues to be poor, because they are told ritualistically that they should not question those who appear to be strong.
Strength does not come only from within, but also from without. The truly strong accept criticism of their manner and practice, by which means they project their strength into the world without finding it blockaded by forces outside themselves. We see the situation of George W. Bush: he projects his strength recklessly, thrusting it outward against the forces around them, trying to overturn and disintegrate them. He succeeds, but only for a while: his efforts are parlayed until leaders previously unknown appear. Not just one leader, but many, all with the goal of resisting this heedless, reckless force which would break them asunder were they alone. This is the scope of Bush's folly, that he would not seek to reorient these powers by restraining his own force. Were he to restrain himself, and choose where to give battle and where to withdraw, he would observe himself in control of the very energies which would otherwise oppose him. But to do this, he would need to recognize that his own ideals alone are insufficient for peace.
It is this criterion, that of being able to work with other leaders around oneself, to navigate and "roll with the punches" that followers should and, in a suitable cultural environment do, look for in their leaders. However they also choose their leaders based on the relevance of the leader's ideas to their own concerns.
In sum, we can say that followers spend most of their thought evaluating that which is most important to them, and how the leaders they are aware of relate to those issues.
Aspect Relations Analysis of Leader/Follower Types
We say a person has the capacity to lead if they can demonstrate to others how either the object will react to intrusion by the subject with regard to the subject, or how the subject will react to the object with regard to the object. The relationship can be described in terms of IM aspects
if [life aspect] is rejected by [death aspect], [life aspect] does this
if [death aspect] is rejected by [life aspect], [death aspect] does this
The defining characteristic of the trait is the expectation of response by the rejected aspect. People do not have the trait do not necessarily expect a response; and indeed, they may not even give one when they themselves are rejected. What responses they are aware of must be demonstrated to them by a leader type.
The processing of the responses by rejected aspects is covered by the function of the opposite sign. Thus for example, +Ti program function is like to respond to the rejection of a proposed +Ti logical assertion on grounds of -Ti by referring immediately to the -Ti base function, which dismisses the rejector's -Ti as absurd. This is a psychic balancing act performed on basis of +Ti having already corrected itself on basis of -Ti in the ego. Therefore if the correction made to one's own thinking is not accepted as consistent with another theory of the same topic, then it is not one's own theory which is false, but the theory which is inconsistent with the changed logic.
The leader's ability to use opposite functions in conjunction with each other allows them the capacity for spontaneous self-defense; thus they are perceived of as "strong" in the face of opposition both human and environmental. The follower, whose mind only apprehends the conjunct use of opposing functions passively, needs a constant stream of examples from which to draw understanding of their situation, and it is for this reason that they stay in touch with the leader and refer back to them whenever changes occur. Note that there is a difference between "leading" and "commanding", although historically people have of course chosen leaders as the commanders in times when there is no time for discussion. This is however the -only- reason to choose a leader; elsewise the leader type should be pressed to discuss his reasoning so as to increase the independence of his respective followers.
The Strategem of the Shadow: Leadership Styles of the Background Type
In recently days I've been feeling increasingly confident that the social strategies of the foreground and background types are distinct. This makes good sense if you consider that the shadow is always trying to "peek out" by a bit and create the conditions for your ego's downfall. But how exactly does the shadow attempt to reveal itself, and how are we affected by it?
I argue that we are subconsciously motivated to give expression to our id. This motivation takes shape in our fantasies: a person who is motivated towards being a person of great social importance will aspire to roles that fulfill this motivation; similarly, a person whom prefers to enjoy the quiet side of life will seek out ways to avoid responsibility. The foreground and background (subconscious) strategies may conflict: a person may feel there is very little they can do in as much as they are participants in society, but to their close friends they may be very judicious and believe themselves an integral part of their friend's lives. They may look at the great leaders of history and wonder why they cannot be more like them.
The background function set is the tool of the id, and is thus oriented towards the ingratiation of immediate wants and desires -- one's interests. The objectively creative approach to the id is one of self-assurance and belief in one's own ability; the subjectively creative approach is more reserved and anxious. For the time being, I will focus on the objectively creative experience of id, which is more closely related to my own.
If, on basis of relation to dual functions, there are three forms of objective creativity with regard to the foreground, then there are three corresponding forms with regard to the background. To the consensus seeker corresponds the seeker of common interests; to the visionary corresponds the persuer of interest; to the counselor corresponds self-restraint. (the restrainer)
This is the type of an adventurer who wants to follow their passions wherever they lead. In personal relationships appears reckless, and may not be very dependable even to friends.
This is the type of a self-sacrificer who puts others' desires ahead of their own. Practices self-moderation and restraint; may preach to others to do the same. Observes the problem of individual want as interfering with the pursuit of common need.
This type believes in the importance of balancing want with need. Lives a closely self-moderated lifestyle, and consciously sets an example for others to follow. Will avoid indulging in wants which en mass would interfere with the pursuit of common needs, as this threatens the integrity of the interest group. Similarly, will probably argue against living in austerity, unless it is the specific preference of the individual.
What is important about these types is the way they play against their socially-oriented counterparts in the ego.
Pursuer of Vision (foreground Visionary, background Pursuer)
This type seeks to create dualizing content for both society and themselves. Although they devote their energies to fulfullment of a certain social vision, they privately desire the abandonment of this responsibility so as to pursue their own ideological crusade fulltime, and will jump at the opportunity to describe their vision to others. The wider their audience, the better.
Restrainer of Vision (foreground Visionary, background Restraint)
This type offers bold answers, but has characteristically little self-follow thru. Although believing in the integrity of their social vision, this type does not feel it appropriate to demand that others follow along with it.[incomplete... I've not yet differentiated this specific trait from others.]
[b]Unifier of Vision (foreground Visionary, background Unifying)[b]
This type is very self-willed: they will go off into directions that at the surface seem foolhardy, perhaps even destined to fail; but this aloof appearance belies the competence of their organization. This type places a premium on personal loyalty and can always rely on their friends to help them get the job done. The type cultivates an atmosphere of common friendship around persons of similar interest to them, devoting great personal energy to the resolution of internal squabbles. This practice is so casually undertaken that the type may not perceive of their being any internal division between their friends at all.
Pursuer of Counsel (foreground Visionary, background Pursuer)
[to be written]
Restrainer of Counsel (foreground Visionary, background Restraint)
[to be written]
Unifier of Counsel (foreground Counselor, background Unifying)
[I'm taking this on now because I've got a good idea of the type's character already.]
The Unifier of Counsel works to create a sense of common interest in the context of an uncertain situation. This type takes heart in that although the future is uncertain, they will always have good friends to help them out in times of trouble. A prime example of this type is C.G. Jung, who lead hundreds of his fellows into a deep and rewarding journey into the unconscious. Jung explored the psyche by observing what happened when a person was unable to dualize effectively, and perceived of the problems in human life as a matter of irreconciliation between the person and the soul which energizes them. Were a person not to be in sync with their soul -- their true self -- they would lack libido and thus, would be incapable of producing the self confidence to live life productively. As a unifying counselor, Jung tried to resolve the differences between complementary interests while preserving the integrity of his own circle of interest.
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