Philo Judaeus of Alexandria
I'm a bit skeptical about being able to determine his type, but I am curious about your thoughts on this influential thinker. Philo is a 1st century CE Jewish theologian noteworthy for his attempts (similar to Josephus) to show the compatibility of popular contemporary Greek thought with Judaism. Perhaps what is the most fundamental development (that cannot be understated enough) is the identification of God's ordering and creative principle with the logos. This identification would allow for Jesus to be identified with the logos in the Gospel of John by the early Christian church, which is one of the most subtly important points in early Christian theology (and the later Gnostic movement). But it is also through Philo that we are given non-Roman accounts of the life and behavior of the Roman emperor Caligula, who wanted to erect a temple of himself in the Temple of Jerusalem, which was obviously a serious religious affront to Jews, and their refusal to do so was a serious affront to Caligula.