This is the kind of conflict that exists between people of different Information Domains when the judgment of those domains yields different results as to what is correct or incorrect action. The individuals may see eachother as immoral, imprudent or even evil when this kind of conflict arises.
This is the kind of conflict that classical socionics deals with. It exists between people of different Master types. It comes about through differences in terms of capabilities and priorities, which make for situations in which one person is allowed to correct another person's mistakes, or to prey on the person's weakness.
This kind of conflict exists between people of different Slave types. The two persons have different ways of seeing the world on an elementary level, and make themselves clear in different terms. They also behave differently, have different ways of enjoying themselves and different interests. Their social behavior is misaligned. The two persons constantly misinterpret eachothers' words and deeds, thus resulting in misunderstanding.
There is a fourth form of 'difference' between people that does not fit well with the others. This difference manifests in the case of two persons that are on opposite sides where Object- and Field-orientation is concerned. Persons between which this difference exist may either trivialize or ignore eachothers' problems and ideals, or benefit greatly from the eachothers input as to where energy should be directed. Particularly people that are of the same Information Domain and have different 'orientations' complement eachother greatly.