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Thread: WHAT is personality?

  1. #1

    Default WHAT is personality?

    What is "personality"?

    What is the defintion?

    "This essay is not intended as a text book or treatise, but merely as
    a summary of the work and description of methods that have been employed
    recently in the study of personality,'' says the author. Beginning
    with Wyclif's use of personality in 1380 the author touches upon the
    evolution of the concept of "personality" as found m literature, in
    theology, m philosophy, in its lately vulgarized conception as in Eleanor
    Glyn 's " i t ; " ending the evolution of the concept with the psychological.
    In this both objective and subjective approaches are indicated. The
    author's definition of personality is as foBows: "an mtegrative combination
    of all our cognitive, effective, conative, and even physical qualities."
    Personality is a more inclusive term than character. The author
    differentiates between temperament and character. The former he conceives
    of as the sum total of or blend of one's affective qualities as they
    impress others; the latter he conceives of as a part of personality which
    coincides with volitional and inhibitory phases of behavior. To nse
    the author's own words "character is the residue of personality after
    the cognitive, affective, and physical qualities have been removed."
    Passing from Jung's dichotomy of introversion and extra/version to
    the Spranger and the Adlerian concepts of "patterns of life" the reader
    is led on to Kretschmer 's four-fold division of personality types, namely,
    (1) cerebral, (2) muscular, (3) respiratory, (4) digestive. Saudet's,
    followed by Klage's conception of graphology as a method of studying
    personality, is then mentioned. Three schools, the behavionstic, the
    psychoanalytic, and the "constitutional" come cursorily under discussion
    with regard to their views on personality.
    Part I ends with a series of partial portraits of famous musicians who
    illustrate what the author calls "personal idioms." Men like Mendelssohn,
    Wagner, Beethoven, Chopin, etc., portray certain ways of doing
    things which the author characterizes as ' ' personal idioms.''
    Part II deals with the topic "Can personality be changed!" The
    author takes the position that "while it is true, in a sense, that personalities
    are born, it cannot be denied that there is a possibility of modification
    and improvement. . . . " Insight and will to change are necessary
    before change occurs. Always, however, the author claims, "the
    inner personality must be modified before outward appearances assume
    a different aspect."
    It is an interesting little book full of hteiary figures and allusions
    even if at times a bit lacking in scientific cogency. The essay ends with
    lines which Shakespeare put into Cassius' mouth, as follows:
    The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars
    But %n ourselves that we are underlings.
    These lines may or may not be comforting to some of us.
    Well I am back. How s everyone? Don't have as much time now, but glad to see some of the old gang are still here.,

  2. #2


    What is personality?
    The word personality has had various usages and has been used
    interchangeably with temperament, character, and self. There are
    two essentially different senses in which the word personality itself
    has been used. One is in the sense of the whole being. Warren,
    for example, states that personality is " the total outcome of an
    individual's permanent mental organization, comprising all his
    permanent mental conditions and organized experiences at any
    period of life."
    Well I am back. How s everyone? Don't have as much time now, but glad to see some of the old gang are still here.,

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