• Recent Articles


    Delta Quadra: The Complex of Clipped Wings by Stratiyevskaya

    Delta Quadra: The Complex of Clipped Wings
    By Vera Stratiyevskaya

    See also:
    Wikisocion - Delta Quadra
    Wikisocion - Four Quadra
    Original blog entry

    Delta – the quadral complex of "clipped [undercut] wings", as any quadral complex, comes from a set of four aspects that predominate in this quadra: evolutionary logic of actions (+Te), evolutionary ethics of relations (+Fi), involutionary intuition of potential (-Ne), and involutionary sensing of sensations (-Si), that form three dominant quadral traits:

    1. "Aristocratic" trait (rational aspects are evolutionary, with a plus sign; irrational aspects are involutionary, with a minus sign: +Te, +Fi, -Ne, -Si)
    In accordance with this trait, every person has the right 1) to establish relations of subordination 2) to create a hierarchy, support and protect it 3) to support already established within the hierarchy traditions and rituals and keep track of their observance 4) to subordinate those below him and to comply with those above him 5) to put claims to the dominant positions within the system and to fight for one’s right to occupy them 6) to fight for and to accumulate positional advantages in rights, privileges, and opportunities 7) to interact with others from positions of advantage 8) to suppress with the authority of personal opinion and action 9) to control and critique the statements of lower ranking members of the hierarchy, limiting their right to expression on any forbidden subjects 10) to authoritatively impose one's own point of view, decisions, power, and will.

    2. "Objectivist" trait (predominance of evolutionary logic of actions and ethics of relations: +Fi +Te)
    In accordance with this trait, every person has the right 1) to trust their personal experience – professional, pragmatic, business experience derived from personal observations – and insist on one’s right to further act in accordance to it 2) to trust facts and to become persuaded by facts – to provide them as the main proof of one's correctness 3) to evaluate the situation by already transpired facts and to act in accordance with circumstances existing up to date, trusting one's own experience and one's notion of expedience of a particular course of action 4) to evaluate a person according to the level of his qualifications, based on facts of his professional training, attainments, and competence 5) to remove (or ask for removal) from work those who are inept and negligent, to push them out from... read more
    silke 11-13-2015, 10:36 PM


    Socionics  Quadra 
    Tags: delta  quadra 

    Gamma Quadra: The Complex of Tied Hands by Stratiyevskaya

    Gamma Quadra: The Complex of Tied Hands
    By Vera Stratiyevskaya

    See also:
    Wikisocion - Gamma Quadra
    Wikisocion - Four Quadra
    Original blog entry

    Gamma – the quadral complex of "tied [bound] hands", as any quadral complex, comes from a set of four aspects that predominate in this quadra: evolutionary volitional sensing (+Se), evolutionary intuition of time (+Ni), involutionary logic of actions (-Te), and involutionary ethics of relations (-Fi), that form three dominant quadral traits:

    1. "Democratic" trait (rational aspects are involutionary, with a minus sign; irrational aspects are evolutionary, with a plus sign: -Fi, -Te, +Se, +Ni)
    In accordance with this trait, every person has the right 1) to interact with others as equals 2) to strive towards maximally possible creative self-realization 3) to freely develop one's business and creative initiatives 4) to fight for equality in rights and possibilities to creatively realize oneself 5) to defend one's own right to freedom of action and to an adequate response by action 6) to have freedom for enterprise, for making decisions, and for defending one's own point of view.

    2. "Decisive" trait (predominance of evolutionary irrational aspects +Ni +Se)
    In accordance with this trait, every person has the right 1) to interact with others from position of power 2) to operatively, in condensed periods of time, solve problems, his own and those of others, making responsible decisions and making others obey them 3) to decisively defend one's own right to labor, right to freedom of entrepreneurial activity and freedom of choice of profession 4) to resolutely defend one's own point of view, to advantageously and operatively use one's own fighting qualities and particularities of the ongoing moment.

    3. "Objectivist" trait (predominance of involutionary logic of actions and ethics of relations -Fi -Te)
    In accordance with this trait, every person has the right 1) to trust their personal experience – professional, pragmatic, business experience derived from personal observations – and insist on one’s right to further act in accordance to... read more
    silke 11-12-2015, 05:16 AM


    Socionics  Quadra 
    Tags: gamma  quadra 

    Beta Quadra: The Complex of Subservience by Stratiyevskaya

    Beta Quadra: The Complex of Subservience
    By Vera Stratiyevskaya

    See also:
    Wikisocion - Beta Quadra
    Wikisocion - Four Quadra
    Original blog entry

    Beta - quadra complex of being subservient (or being a "satrap"), as any quadral complex, comes from a set of four information elements that predominate in this quadra – evolutionary logic of relations (+Ti), evolutionary ethics of emotions (+Fe), involutionary volitional sensing (-Se), and involutionary intuition of time (-Ni), and this, in turn, forms three dominant quadral features:

    1. "Aristocratic" trait (rational aspects are evolutionary, with a plus sign; irrational aspects are involutionary, with a minus sign: +Fe, +Ti, -Se, -Ni)
    In accordance with this trait, every person has the right 1) to create a hierarchy, establishing relations of subordination, to subordinate those below him and to comply with those above him 2) to support already established within the hierarchy traditions and rituals and... read more
    silke 11-11-2015, 11:47 PM


    Socionics  Quadra 
    Tags: beta  quadra 

    Alpha Quadra: The Complex of Closed Mouth by Stratiyevskaya

    Alpha Quadra: The Complex of Closed Mouth
    By Vera Stratiyevskaya

    See also:
    Wikisocion - Gamma Quadra
    Wikisocion - Four Quadra
    Original blog entry

    Alpha - the quadral complex of "closed [shut] mouth", as any quadral complex, originates from a set of four aspects dominant in this quadra - evolutionary intuition of potentials (+Ne), evolutionary sensing of sensations (+Si), involutionary ethics of emotions (-Fe), and involutionary logic of relations (-Ti), which in turn form three dominant quadral traits.

    1. "Democratic" trait (rational aspects are involutionary, with a minus sign; irrational aspects are evolutionary, with a plus sign: -Fe, -Ti, +Ne, +Si)
    In accordance with this trait, every person has the right 1) to interact with others as an equal 2) to have equal rights and opportunities 3) to fight and contend for equal rights and opportunities 4) to freely express on any topic 5) to freely defend their point of view 6) to strive to defend their rights and opportunities by any means.... read more
    silke 11-11-2015, 05:49 AM


    Socionics  Quadra 
    Tags: quadra  alpha 
  • Recent Posts


    Gamma Examples

    Girl to the left in the first picture - ILI

    Ghost Today, 11:29 AM Go to last post

    Examples of possible LSIs-ISTjs

    Renee Enriquez...LSI-Se

    Kill4Me Today, 11:12 AM Go to last post

    Se and Si

    I don't think "a lot" of women crack and become violent, and I know only a handful of women who exist at just one of an extreme in terms of

    goldenbane Today, 10:55 AM Go to last post

    Tiger Woods

    ILI make sense.


    Tigerfadder Today, 08:53 AM Go to last post

    Socionics and Freud

    An idea is that Super-ego is the most well being to the society Ego, super being the environment/society. Super-ID be being the most well being to pleasure.

    Tigerfadder Today, 08:41 AM Go to last post

    Ni polr or Ni seeking

    Ni polr is like following through with some snobby idea because you thought it would be cool and make you better than everybody else and all sophisticated

    Bullets Today, 07:33 AM Go to last post

    Your typing of forum members

    @lungs On Eliza Thompson: I originally thought she was ESI, but if my analysis of writing style and temperament associations is correct, she reads like

    Verbrannte Today, 06:04 AM Go to last post

    What am I? (80Q)

    J types prefer schedules, which he seem to hate, he gets bored very quickly and has poor patience (LIKE A P TYPE). Why would you type him logical in the

    Ghost Today, 05:57 AM Go to last post


    Te is seeking for rational consistency and order in the outside world, actually seeking to elicit change in the environment so that it is clearly

    Critic Today, 05:21 AM Go to last post

    Se and Si

    the fake eye smile thing I'm thinking about it so deeply... I've seen so many women do that, like when they were really offended, but felt like they had

    Bullets Today, 05:13 AM Go to last post
  • MBTI: SolitaryWalker's NT Profiles

    MBTI: SolitaryWalker's NT Profiles


    “The peculiar nature of introverted intuition, if it gains the ascendancy, produces a peculiar type of man: the mystical dreamer and seer on one hand, the artist and the crank on the other.” - C.G. Jung

    Disclaimer: As mentioned in my previous two profiles, I write about the unconscious tendencies of the type and not personality. Therefore here I do not wish to probe into how our local INTJs tend to behave, but explore the character of the INTJ thought. Here I am more concerned with the INTJ philosophy than with the INTJ behavior. Unconscious tendencies evinced should not be accepted as set in stone, they in themselves are malleable and adaptable. The examples I shall provide will only be a few cases in point for how such unconscious tendencies will manifest. They are not an end in themselves, but means to the end of grasping the archetypal quiddity of the aforementioned unconscious tendencies. What I shall provide is no more than cues and hints in regards to what the unconscious tendencies may be, I leave it up to my just reader to discern what the tendencies are--as I wish to inculcate no dogma.

    • Introversion - The attitude of assessing the external world based on the internal standards. Takes the inner world for granted and not the outer.
    • Extroversion - The attitude of assessing the inner life by virtue of the external standard.
    • Perceiving - The function of collection of information.
    • Judgment - The faculty of decision making.
    • Intuition - A faculty of abstract collection of information.
    • Sensation - A faculty of Concrete collection of information.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.

    I. Introverted Intuition

    "Introverted Intuition is directed to the inner object, a term that might justly be applied to the contents of the unconscious. The relation of inner objects to consciousness is entirely analogous to that of outer objects, though their reality is not physical, but psychic. They appear to intuitive perception as subjective images of things which, though not to be met with in the outside world, constitute the contents of the unconscious, and of the collective unconscious in particular."

    Introverted Intuition is an irrational function by the previously established definition. It does not rely on conscious scrutiny for assessment, but to something most closely in tune to the colloquial notion of 'hunches'. Since such Intuitive force is internally aimed, unlike the Extroverted Intuition, it requires very little external stimulus. We also know that Intuition is an information collecting faculty--as it is a perceiving function. Here we are struck by a paradox that Intuition is primarily concerned with collection of information, yet at the same time seems to rely little on the external stimulus. This leads us to question whether such an information collecting faculty truly does suffice to adequately collect information. Does it fall to the same malady Jung has evinced in Introverted Sensing?

    "Even with only a slight increase in the power of the unconscious, the subjective component of sensation becomes so alive that it almost completely obscures the influence of the object. If the object is a person, he feels completely devalued, while the subject has an illusory conception of reality, which in pathological cases goes so far that he is no longer able to distinguish between the real object and the subjective perceptions....Actually he lives in a mythological world, where men, animals, locomotives, houses, rivers, and mountains appear either as benevolent deities or as malevolent demons. That they appear thus to him never enters his head, though that is just the effect they have on his judgments and actions. He judges and acts as though he had such powers to deal with; but this begins to strike him only when he discovers that his sensations are totally different from reality."

    What, one may wonder, accounts for such a striking difference between the object itself and the IJ's perception thereof? Could it be due to the fact that this perception is Introverted? Namely that it defines the object by the internal agenda and the internal agenda itself is rarely clearly pronounced as it is an irrational function. Thus, if this were the case, the way the object is perceived is directly filtered through the scope of the introverted perception. For this reason, the objects are not assessed in terms of their own validity, but in terms of how they relate to the perceiver. Therefore, the perceiver tends to assume that the objects are much like himself, as he sees locomotives and animals as demons or benevolent deities.

    The accentuation here was on the locomotives and animals because the Introverted Sensing type, the type that the previous quotation meant to depict is focused primarily on concrete things--or sensations. Hence, he anthropomorphizes concrete entities. Or assumes that the objects in themselves have much to do with his own personal qualities. This is precisely the reason why we often have seen eyes on the Moon, the nose on the sun, and the Sword in the hands of the clowd. So our mythologies have compelled us to see!

    However, since Introverted Intuition, the function by which the INTJ is lead is abstract, it tends not to see the external world in this fashion. However, the relationship it has to abstract perceptions is indeed much analogous to the relationship Introverted Sensing has to concrete data. Thus, Introverted Sensing anthropomorphizes the physical world, Introverted Intuition, almost wholly without a doubt, anthropomorphizes abstractions and ideas. For this reason it is not uncommon for INJ philosophers and scientists to be observed deeming some ideas as wicked and others as benevolent without having any reasonable explanations for such taxonomy. That is because there truly is not an explanation for such a thing, as judgments of the like reflect more about them personally rather than about the matter they have commented on and therefore often serves as evidence of their personal biases and prejudices.

    Because the way they interact with the world is necessarily influenced by their subjective perceptions, they are automatically drawn to focus most intensely on ideas that their unconscious minds tend to gravitate towards most. Such ideas soon flourish to be of solid and constant conscious interest in which their whole being shall be thoroughly imbued. Conversely, ideas that are not in tune with their unconscious predilections, will be paid little heed to. This is where the INJ stands in sharp contrast with their Extroverted Intuitive counterparts who lack focus of perception because they are forced to confront all external phenomena at once. Introverted Intuition, however, has a distinct idea which entities are worthy of perception. To an outside observer, such judgments often appear arbitrary, yet this is more than likely the case because such Intuitive perceptions have a lot more to do with the inner life of the perceiver rather than the external world. The subject distinctly holds primacy over the object, and the Intuition itself has a clear notion of what is worthy of focus.

    "Like sensation, intuition has its subjective factor, which is suppressed as much as possible in extraverted attitude but is the decisive factor in the intuition of the introvert. Although his intuition may be stimulated by external objects, it does not concern itself with external possibilities but with what the external object has released within him."

    Thus, unlike the Extroverted Intuition that is concerned with collection of all ideas and assesses them based on how such ideas influence the external environment, the Introverted Intuition assesses such hunches based on its internal agenda and is interested strictly in ideas that befit the previously established agenda. Whilst Extroverted Intuition requires continuous stimulation, Introverted Intuition runs on itself. The Extrovert will be forced to engage himself in abstract external activities, such as writing or debating to maintain his world of ideas, yet the Introverted Intuition requires no more than a solitary retreat. The more peaceful the environment, the better, to a greater degree the vivid imagination shall flourish. Thus for an INJ, it would hardly be hyperbolic to claim that the creative energy derives literally from nowhere.

    "The extravert would say: "Reality does not exist for him, he gives up to fruitless fantasies." The perception of the images of the unconscious, produced in such inexhaustible abundance by the creative energy of life, is of course fruitless from the standpoint of immediate utility. But may give life a new potential, this function, which to the outside world is the strangest of all, is as indispensable to the total psychic economy as is the corresponding human type to the psychic life of a people. Had this type not existed, there would have been no prophets in Israel."

    Incidentally, here we touch basis upon the notion of the introverted perceiving faculty to anthropomorphize. For this reason ideas generated by these types appear flattering to men, as they seem to suggest to us that the greatest possible essences of the universe have much to do with our tastes and prejudices. No doubt, the greatest religions of the world are thoroughly imbued in personalities of their initial propounders. As the God of Christianity is much similar to Jesus, of Islam--Muhammad and respectively Moses for Judaism.

    Such ideas of the Introverted perception are highly abstract as this type is most intuitive of all--due to the intensification factor of introversion. Incidentally the perceptions of the INJ are ineffable and cannot be properly transmuted into the realm of concrete phenomena. When they do attempt to, their initial hunches are either grotesquely distorted or lost altogether. However, the Intuitionist himself appears much content with merely having the hunches that he has as they adequately guide him, even if he cannot duly explain it to others.

    Naturally, the INTJ converts these hunches into conventional symbolism by applying Extroverted Thinking to his perceptions. Yet, clearly the Introverted Intuition holds priority, the Intuition is the master and the Judgment is the serf.

    As Jung has put it: "As a rule, the intuitive stops at perception; perception is his main problem--in the case of a creative artist--the shaping of the perception. But the crank is content with a visionary idea by which he himself is shaped and determined."

    Indeed, the perception needs to be shaped in order to be shown to others, as this is what the artist will be compelled to do. Otherwise his ideas are mythological and unintelligible to others. Mythological no doubt, as he himself holds the central role in his fantasies and unintelligible to others because they are incepted in the irrational guise, or one that is not depicted in a systematic fashion.

    As a last word on this contention one shall wonder if it is truly the case that Introverted Intuition, as contrasted from the Extroverted is unable to properly perceive the external environment because it anthropomorphizes it. It is indeed the case that Intuition is an irrational function and is therefore outside of the province of our conscious control, and hence many things are possible as a result of this. Especially if we take in consideration the extraordinary power of imagination entailed by such a faculty. The objects are indeed distorted, and the way they are represented is unintelligible to an outside observer, however perfectly discernable to the perceiver himself. For this reason the Introverted Sensor is well aware of the moon and the relation it has to himself, despite that he may see eyes on such a thing. The same should be said about the Introverted Intuitionist and his awareness of his abstract environment. Essentially, Intuition as perception allows for us to be most in tune with our external environment. Extroverted Intuition has a superficial awareness of all things that could be perceived, or as large of a network as possible. However, Introverted Intuition naturally focuses on the smaller pertinent zone and attains as profound of an understanding thereof as possible.

    Unlike Extroverted Intuition, Introverted Intuition cannot adapt itself to the external perceptions and the external environment but instead has a tendency to create an environment of its own. Since we know it is not possible to wholly create a world of one’s own, this endeavor of the INJs does not appear particularly promising---as nonetheless they will require some external stimulation to propel their perceptions in motion. Accordingly, just like the Introverted Sensor grasps the image of the external environment and then explores it in depth, the Introverted Intuitionist does no different. As he grasps the external environment in the guise of abstract perceptions and seeks to solidify the image. He does so because as an introvert, he forces the external environment to adapt to his own agenda, as his inner perceptions, unlike that of the ENPs are not capable of doing so. For this reason, status-quo for such a type must be preserved under all circumstances. Any variation in perceptions is tantamount to variations in the external environment itself, this strikes the IJ as unfathomable horror, as this is nearly tantamount to having their whole world unsettled. For this reason the INJs tend not to handle change well, especially change in their intellectual climate. They are forced to stick to their one vision upon which their whole worldview has been established. For the INJ, this is analogous to the axiomatic, foundational principles that the worldviews of INPs hinge upon. However, the principles of the INPs can be slowly altered as they do not depend on the fixed perception of the environment and by nature of themselves require emendation, yet the vision of the Introverted Intuition must remain solid as it serves not only as principles and guidelines in the mind of the INJ, but as the view of the world itself. If the INP was forced to change his axioms, he would rely on the Extroverted Intuition to collect the necessary information about the external environment as well as the prospects of changing the inner maxims, yet if the INJ were to attempt to do the same, he would undermine the very foundation that he stands on. As to interact with the external environment is tantamount to losing grasp with all that has been taken for granted hitherto.

    As mentioned in the ENTP profile, Extroverted Intuition works vertically, or in other words perceives all that could be perceived in the external world. However, Introverted Intuition works horizontally. Or perceives only what is relevant to the subject. Hence, it charts out one single path. Whilst the Extroverted Intuitionist often struggles to decide which path to take, the Introverted Intuitionist is never at a loss to do so as he always has his own perspective in mind, and has his aim set on the one path that comes naturally to his intuitions. This, however, leaves him very far from knowing where he stands or what he thinks, as such knowledge requires conscious awareness of his own perceptions. In order to achieve this, the INTJ will need to be able to use Extroverted Thinking soundly. Or he will need to be able to translate his amorphous hunches into symbols that are intelligible to a conscious mind. That is the topic we shall inquire into next.

    In the end of our inquiry into the functioning of the Introverted Intuition, one is compelled to question whether or not the ostensible aversion to change precludes the Introverted Intuitionist from being open-minded as traditionally associated with intuition. Can the INTJ be open-minded in the same respect that the ENTP is often well renowned for? In fact, I would argue that the INTJ is even more open-minded, despite that it may appear to be so otherwise to outside observers who are only superficially acquainted with the type and individuals representing it. Essentially, because of the boost of the Introversion factor, the Intuition of the INTJ is supported further and this respect becomes superior to the Extroverted Intuition of the ENTP. Intensity and not extensity is the aim of the Introverted Intuition. The ENTP will wish to explore all new ideas that befall his lot, and as soon as he has become acquainted with them, he will abandon them to move on to something new. This is the case for him because his perception is in constant need of external stimulation and he cannot stimulate himself from within when associating with the external entity which has long been depleted. The INTJ by contrast is on the radically different side of the spectrum. Introverted Intuition has a surplus of inner energy and can stimulate itself from within whilst requiring very little external stimulation. Thus the INTJ will entertain a myriad of ideas, more than any other type as long as they are relevant to his vision and can be explored in depth. Introverted Intuition is naturally at home in exploration of ideas because it is the very essence of pure imagination. It is most comfortable in contemplation and cognitive manipulation of images conjured by the imagination. Much analogously to how the Extroverted Intuition is at ease in manipulating external images and ideas of practical application, the Introverted Intuition is most comfortable at contemplating whatever images and ideas shall befall its mind.

    “Just as the world of appearances can never become a moral problem for the man who merely senses it, the world of inner images is never a moral problem for the intuitive. For both of them it is an aesthetic problem, a matter of perception, a “sensation”.

    Accordingly, because the Introverted Intuition is most at home in the realm of abstract perceptions, it is most open to the work of the imagination and for this reason most distinctly in the position to entertain ideas.

    Before we are ready to move on to the secondary axis of the INTJ function—the Extroverted Thinking, there is one important point that we would be well advised to take note of. The INTJ stands in sharp contrast to the aforementioned ENTP in the regard of awareness of one’s own security. The ENTP is by nature adventurous because he perceives the external environment as an end in itself (as we have mentioned that extroversion is the attitude that perceives the external environment as foundationally existent—this not at all could be changed, thus because of the very weak perception of his inner climate, the ENTP pays little heed to his own security and unscrupulously dives forward into the external world. Introverted Intuition is quite the opposite in this respect. It does not take the external realm for granted. It takes the perception of itself, or an intuitive self-consciousness for granted and views the environment in terms of how it relates to the self.) Accordingly, the INTJ is remarkably unadventurous because he has difficulty interacting with the external world. And when he is forced to deal with novel environments, he inevitably imposes his vision of the previous environment that is still stored in his unconscious perceptions onto the new one. This is anathema to adaptability and therefore the INTJ struggles to properly adjust to change.

    Extroverted Intuition, as mentioned in the ENTP profile, tends to take the external world lightly as it is not fundamental to the inner being of the individual representing such a function. In effect, often has a playful, if not banal, happy go lucky—pick the berries attitude. Yet the introverted intuition, does indeed take the environment for granted as that is fundamental to its inner being, and in effect takes the external world quite seriously. Thus, security, especially intellectual security is of foremost and personal concern for the INTJ. If the INTJ has not managed to move his vision outwards and become properly attuned with the external environment, likely will become very rigid and dogmatic. As then the preservation of his vision, for the sake of his own security, will become more important to the INTJ than the pursuit of truth. This again is an inevitable result of the Introverted Intuition having equated the existence of their entire inner world with the existence of their inner vision. Thus in such a case, the INJ will find himself barricade in his fortress of for the sake of which he will go at whatever length necessary to preserve his current train of thought.

    As this allusion could not have been carried out any more soundly than it has been here in Jung’s autobiography.

    “I can still vividly recall how Freud said to me “My dear Jung, promise me never to abandon the sexual theory. That is the most essential thing of all. You see, we must make a dogma of it, an unshakable bulwark.” He said to me with great emotion, in the tone of a father saying, “And promise me this one thing, my dear son: that you will go to church every Sunday.” In astonishment I asked him, “A bulwark—against what?” To which he replied, “Against the black tide of mud”—and he hesitated for a moment, then added—“of occultism” was virtually everything that philosophy and religion, including the rising of contemporary science of parapsychology, had learned about the psyche.”

    Incidentally, Introverted Intuition without the due support of Extroverted Thinking will become very narrow and self-involved, focusing on nothing else but the quintessence of the internal vision. Whatever is not in tune with the internal vision will almost certainly be dubbed evil. Not because there is a reason to believe it undesirable, but simply because the INJ has deemed such idea evil, much like the ISJs often deem certain trains and dogs evil. Incidentally Freud’s expression of ‘occultism’ to depict ideas that disagree with his sexual theory was off-base. He was using this word emotionally, rather than in linguistically precise fashion as he seems to have been carried far away by his hunches. The term ‘bulwark’ that Freud has used in that fragment is strikingly indicative of the state of mind he has held—that he wished to fortify his vision from all ideas that are even slightly inconsistent with his, as they are simply ‘the black tide of occultism’. Freud of course did not give an argument for deeming the things he considered occultism as such, and this seems to evince the subjective bias of his own perceptions.

    As a side-note on Introverted Intuition as a function in itself it should be noted that it does not perceive the world in the conventional fashion of Extroverted perception, or in terms of how the individual may contribute to his environment. But perceives the environment in terms of how it strikes its own apparatus of perception. In this respect, the external influx of ideas is imposing and invading to the INJ because his primary purpose is to preserve the vision that he has in mind, which by all rights to him is superior to that of the External vision. Had he had his way, he would freeze the scenario he has in mind and be content with that eternally. The following picture is often paradigmatic of the way the INTJ perceives the external world—he lives in the state of antithesis of his own will to promote his inner being through his inner vision and the external world which by virtue of itself thwarts the inner vision. Nietzsche, an INTJ himself, has argued that two drives inhere within human nature. That of the Will to Power and that of fear. Incidentally, the will to power is the vision the INTJ ought to impose on the external world, and the pursuit of power is necessary, because failure to attain power means succumbing to the terms of the external world and the renunciation of the inner vision, which in itself is unacceptable because the INJ equates this with a negation of existence itself. For this reason, INJs are often uncomfortable with the world itself, as external environment, by definition is cruel and imposing. Very often INJ philosophers asserted that we are at the very essence of our being, are driven by fear. As by Nietzsche’s theory, fear is indeed the main drive in human nature. This fear, doubtlessly, represents the INTJ’s fear of the External environment, especially of the external, concrete world which is represented by their shadow side of Extroverted sensing.

    Introverted perception, by the nature of itself is intensely focused on the future. This is the case because its primary focus is the perception of the individual, or what the individual needs from the environment inhering within his perceptions. The INTJ for this reason, as an abstract introverted perceiver, is most concerned with the abstract problems of the future. This makes them avid students of human nature, as through their abstract perceptions they are able to discern ideas that come to great difficulty to those of us who rely primarily on systematic thought. Incidentally, the fear complex and the greatest problem of all, our demise appears to be of much interest to many INTJs. As Ernest Becker has argued the thesis that death is indeed the greatest anxiety of man which is not over the horizon for any of us. This is less of a claim about Becker’s work, but more about his INJ prejudices. As becomes obvious to any sober thinker, most of us do not see far-ahead enough to envisage such a problem, or even less be preoccupied with it. Yet, INTJs very much do for the aforementioned reasons.

    II. Interrelations of Introverted Intuition and Extroverted Thinking (Ni-Te axis)

    Introverted Intuition alone manifests to the psyche in the form of amorphous hunches. Such a vision by itself is a phantasmagoria. Without order or due sequence or a sense of self-consciousness, but it is simply no more than amorphous, hunches that not even the INJ himself knows what are about. Application of Extroverted Thinking, the rational or conscious function to such visions leads to the objectification of the Intuition. Or perception of the vision in conscious terms. This is where the vision becomes a notion that the INTJ becomes clearly aware of. Where it is not an unintelligible flow of perceptions, but is an entity shaped in coherent and intelligible units of ideas. Extroverted Thinking seeks to organize the inner visions with the laws of simple logic and external standards. This function, most of all ties the INTJ to the convention or the external protocol of thought and action. This manifestly goes against the grain of the INTJ as the dominant Introverted Intuition faculty is radically individualistic. The central goal of Introverted Intuition is to concoct one’s personal vision out of which the inner life of the subject shall spring and guide the external behavior of the individual representing the type. The external action, to the INTJ should be no more than an entailment of, or a manifestation of the inner vision. This is where the INTJ runs into conflict with the typical J approach to activities, as Extroverted Judgment (J) by virtue of itself implies the necessity of being guided by an external standard.

    Yet the INTJ sees the satisfaction of the external standard as only means to the end and not an end in itself as it is for the typical Judging types. The true end for the INTJ is emendation of the vision to the point of a satisfactory hunch. Paradoxically, such an end is not possible. This, however, is indeed possible for the Extroverted perceivers who oriented around practical goals in the external world, as the famous ENTP Walt Disney once uttered—if you can imagine it you can do it, as indeed most of the visions of the ENTP do come true. Yet the INTJ would likely attribute such a possibility to the poverty of the imagination of the ENTP, as their visions are much more complex and more original than those of the Extroverted perceivers. As a faculty of introversion, Introverted Intuition needs much less external stimuli and the visions it conjures are much less relevant to the external world than those produced by the ENPs. Because of the extremely abstract nature of the Introverted Intuition, properly assessing such a vision as it is possible for the ENPs is out of the question for INJs. This leads to further internal conflict for the INTJ as their Judgment oriented mindset vehemently insists on meeting concrete external agenda which is ostensible to all—one that has a beginning and an end. This is manifestly impossible for the INTJ because the vision in itself takes on the other world, continuously flowing aura. It certainly does not appear to have a beginning nor an end and a sober thinker must deem the mere idea of pigeonholing such a grandiose vision into simplistic conventional moulds that the Extroverted Judgment insists on employing.

    Incidentally, Introverted Intuition reaches for the heavens that not a word of ours could describe, yet Extroverted Judgment of the INJ refuses to recognize any notion that cannot be properly depicted in conventional terms as substantial. The Extroverted Judgment would insist on repudiation of such ideas, yet the Introverted Intuition is far from complying and as a rule demonstrates its preponderous superiority over its Externally judicious proponent. Even though Extroverted Thinking of the INTJ would have long asserted the vision should be dismissed because it is not relevant to a clear-cut external agenda, the vision continues to be the primary driving force of the INJ, and rarely hesitates to do different or the opposite from what the Extroverted Judgment prescribes. Interestingly enough, this is manifestly the case for the INTJ, a Thinking type, a type that significantly relies on mere reason, yet in the cases of a discrepancy between their reasoning and their hunches, their hunches are much more likely to prevail. Yet, the INTJ nonetheless maintains a cool and unperturbed demeanor despite the chaotic and erratic environment within them, as they are only comfortable putting notions on display that do indeed agree with reason. The rest, far from being suppressed, thrive internally and serve as the guiding light of the INTJ thought.

    Existentialist writers, from Nietzsche to Camus were predominantly INJs—or led by the faculty of Introverted Intuition. Their thesis was that the external world is bereft of meaning and the individual must turn inwards in order to come to terms with his existence. They also contemptuously dismissed systems, even the Rationals INTJs, as they tended to associate systems with pigeonholing. For the INTJ, this is indeed the case as no conventional mould is commensurable to the powerful imagination that dwells within them. Incidentally however, the reason why an INTJ may find life to be bereft of meaning is because his internal goals could only be satisfied by virtue of an abstruse and perhaps inscrutable to the conscious mind hunch. Yet, the INTJ, as a Judger is tied down to the external agenda and only ideas that are in tune with the external agenda could be properly analyzed or processed by the individual representing such a type. Evidently, the Judgment is unable to deliver the resources the INTJ needs to function properly, hence he is left to work with only his abstract hunches which seem to be of no utility to him as a thinker because he cannot properly translate them into ideas that he deems to have objective soundness.

    Introverted Intuition craves internal resolution which could only be acquired through profound scrutiny of thought, this can only be accomplished through acquisition with the Introverted Judgment in combination with Intuition. Such a combination can be found in the INP types, the INTP and the INFP. Yet the Introverted Judgment of the INTJ remains out of reach because it is positioned in the Tertiary slot as well as is being countervailed by the Extroverted Thinking—the anathema to the Introverted Judgment of the INTJ. Because this function is in the third position, the INTJ cannot properly access its domain before marching through the secondary Extroverted Thinking.

    In order to find contentment with his inner life, the INTJ must learn to let go off the External world and the External benchmarks that he is tied down to. Yet this he cannot do because in order to do any kind of conscious Thinking, he must rely on the Extroverted Judgment which insists on doing just the opposite of this. Or adapting the external standard as the primary method of self-assessment. In order for the INTJ to master Introverted Judgment or learn to be devoid of external standard, paradoxically, he must first master Extroverted Judgment.

    The Introverted nature of perception of the INTJ insists on the fundamentality of the environment to the inner being of the INTJ. Hence, the INTJ is unlikely to be able to imagine his inner life without any relation to the external environment. There must be an environment for the INTJ to envision and very often it is one of make belief, where the INTJ has conjured a world of its own. Such an egocentric attitude is often implicit in the mindsets of unhealthy and unbalanced INTJs—this, without a doubt, in combination with Extroverted Judgment that is notorious for such behavior—compels them to control the external world by all means necessary. Yet, unlike their ENTJ cousins, the INTJs often lack the external resources to be successful at such an endeavor and resign themselves to the mercy of their blind and restless internal vision. In this position they likely have convinced themselves that the world is as chaotic as their inner life because of their inability to control it. Yet, they must learn that in order to overcome their problem of dissatisfaction with their inner life, they must stop seeking for external accomplishments that shall satisfy them, but instead aim for the inner, perennial pursuits that could go side by side with their vision that requires no beginning and no end.

    This noble truth was fully realized in Camus’ Myth of Sisyphus where the protagonist, much antagonistically to the INTJ over-achieving spirit, finds satisfaction not in rolling the boulder up the hill and ensuring that it stays there, but in the activity itself of rolling the boulder up and down the hill. Hence, he has found meaning in life because he has elected a perennial task, one that could truly satisfy the agenda of the vision of his inner intuition. This process once again is rendered difficult to achieve due to the concrete and externally focused of their primary conscious function—the Extroverted Thinking. The INTJ for this reason, despite his radically individualistic mindset, unlike the INP does not subscribe to the attitude of concocting his worldview strictly for himself with no wish to impose it on any other individual. Instead, he deems for his radically subjective and individualistic vision to be one that others should embrace, and often deems for the vision to be a failure because it has not succeeded by the external standards. Despite how much the hunches of the Introverted Intuition may remonstrate, this is indeed the case with the Extroverted Thinking. The INTJ would render himself a service by reminding himself that the acquisition of success by external standards is never an end in itself but means to the end. Essentially, this is only part and parcel of coming to terms with the vision of the Introverted Intuition which insists on concrete, external manifestations. However, in the beginning of his quest, the INTJ will be forced to pursue success by external standards in order to make his introverted judgment accessible. But after he has accomplished this, he will be on his way to attunement with his inner interests and will see them as an end in themselves. At that point he will have a coherent sense of self which is founded not upon mystical and amorphous hunches, but on a clearly outlined perspective. How this shall happen and what the INTJ must accomplish in order to make this happen shall be the subject matter for our next discussion in section III, which is primarily concerned with the interplay of Introverted Intuition and Introverted Feeling.

    Yet, at this point for the purposes of exegesis of Extroverted Thinking, it should be noted that the INTJ will indeed be forced to confront his tendency to control the external environment. This, without a doubt is deeply connected with the notion that the INTJ wants to be fully aware of the environment that is important to him. This, as aforementioned is closely attuned with the notion that the environment is essential to the inner being of the INTJ. (By virtue of the factor of Introverted Perception.) Incidentally, because the INTJ is not adept at adapting to external environment, his perceptions unconsciously force the vision of the environment onto the changing environment.

    This is augmented by Extroverted Thinking of the INTJ where he consciously and aggressively imposes his views and visions onto others. Often his plans for accomplishment of such tasks are highly intricate to the point of impossibility of being carried out properly and on this account such a type is often nicknamed as the mastermind. The INTJ is the introverted version of Machiavelli, the chief mastermind of political history. And in truth, the two are mirror images of each other, one is internally focused yet the other is externally. Hence, this is the reason why the comparison of the ENTP with the INTJ has been very fitting for this essay. The INTJ’s vision is indeed much more complex, though carried out with less careful analysis than that of the ENTP. As we see that the visions of the INTJ are often lofty and esoteric, yet that of the ENTP Machiavelli was simple—winning in the political arena in our dog eat dog world, yet clearly the Thinking (Introverted Thinking) of that ENTP was much more intricate. Visionaries like Sartre and Nietzsche hardly managed to clearly define their visions, yet prescriptions for how they ought to be implemented were quite simple to the point of crudity. The stark difference between these heroes is that Machiavelli’s vision was aimed chiefly at the individual in one indiosyncratic and esoteric position, the political leader—and he sought not to impose it on anyone. Yet Nietzsche and Sartre pleaded to have their vision to be embraced by everyone, and those who reject the vision must be either bourgeois or philistines. Yet, however, the discrepancy of Extroversion and Introversion manifests in one special regard. Machiavelli was concerned with applying his vision to an environment that is ostensible to all, the realm of politics, as ENTPs often tend to gravitate to enterprises similar to this one, yet Sartre and Nietzsche sought to show the individual how to find the highest satisfaction of the inner being possible.

    Thus the ENTP targets a very small spectrum and in classical aristocratic fashion of the Introverted Judgment insist on the vision to be applied only by the select few, competent individuals. They insist on a goal that can easily be achieved in this world to be carried out by the selected few. Yet the INTJs insist on building the tower of Babel for all to reach the heavenly gates. For this reason, the INTJs, unlike other NTs are most reluctant to acknowledge that abstract ideas are not for everyone and not everyone is able to embrace their vision. As arriving at such a scenario is tantamount to failure itself. Thus, the INTJ, striving to avoid the scenario where their vision cannot be embraced by all attempts to pigeonhole such a vision into the conventional standards that can be accessed by even the starkest of philistines. Unfortunately, much of their teaching is in effect lost because they have simplified it to a greater extent than was permissible in order to preserve the content thereof. In other words their vision is much too abstract to be made concrete.

    Moses Maimonides, an eminent 12th century apologist of integrity of religious prophecy argued persuasively in his celebrtated Guide of the Perplexed that the Prophets were able to access the other world because of their vibrant imagination. And indeed most prophets were either INTJ or INFJ—dominant Introverted Intuitionists. There can be no doubt that Introverted Intuition endows the individual with the most powerful imagination possible. The ideas perceived within such a subject are almost certainly ineffable to the conscious mind, especially to the very crude and simplistic Extroverted Thinking that accompanies the dominant Introverted Intuition of the INTJ. The case in point of INTJs losing their teaching because they have attempted to make it simplistic enough for philistines to understand is manifest in organized religion. Where their lofty and esoteric visions, which should have been prescribed to the select few were toned down to a set of concrete texts and rituals. In effect, their philistine public was unable to grasp the true essence of their teaching because it was too abstract for them and incidentally they have mistaken the concrete and conventional symbols the INJs used to depict their visions, for the vision itself! This is precisely the reason why our beloved Christian Church has this superstition concerning salvific power of belief in the dogma of Christ as our savior and the dogma that if we say our prayer in one specific fashion god must do our bidding!

    Clearly, the prophets, be they in their right mind and sincere would not have recommended anything like this in their wildest flights of fantasy—and to us, as outside observers, this is one more proof of the INTJ not being properly in tune with the external world, as the vision of the Introverted Intuition has replaced the external world itself. Even though the INTJ, to the outside observer, seems to rely on conventional terms for self-expression, what he means by such terms is far from the same thing as what the conventional terms intended to mean. The more unbalanced the INTJ becomes, the less control he will have of his conscious faculty of Thinking. The more unintelligible to the intellect his visions will become and even more difficult it will be for others to understand him. At this point, the reliance of the INTJ on his internal vision will be preponderous over his reliance on reason itself. He will be stuck in the motion picture of his own inner life which in itself may have little to do with the current situation of the external world, but with how the external world should be.

    When the INTJ has become thoroughly absorbed in his inner vision, he will heavily gravitate towards isolation and slowly shall turn his back on the most important conscious goal of his. Maintaining control over the external environment and ensuring it is transformed in accordance to his vision. That, manifestly, is the despondent outcome that the Existentialist school of thought wished to draw our attention to. Unlike INTPs, the INTJs do not have the proficiency in analysis to resolve even the most complicated of paradoxes and they therefore resign themselves to the view of the universe which suggests a very chaotic scenario—as favored by their dominant Introverted Intuition. INTPs, as is the case with the three great rationalists, Spinoza, Descartes and Leibniz find solace in merely constructing a logically sound worldview enveloping all phenomena. Devoid of thoughts concerning external application, political involvement of their ideas, or interaction with their external environment. Confidence in objectivity of their worldview springs from such knowledge—often successfully covering ground on ideas that are most difficult to find objectivity in, like ethics.

    Yet INTJs, because of their inability to do the same are often forced to concede to relativism, and in extreme cases nihilism. Nihilism, no doubt is very common in our Western society, and the ignorance of the public of having such a malady does not make them any more or less nihilistic. At any rate, the INTJ could well claim to be less nihilistic than their ENTP cousin, yet of all types, they are most likely to use this word to depict their views. What they mean in such a case is that truth for them, because of the Extroverted nature of their Thinking is largely contingent upon External environment. The thoughts are not truly theirs, but they are merely regurgitations of what has already been stated, as their Thinking does not run deeply enough to penetrate their inner being. Thus, if this case were true, truth itself would vary with the climates of culture. What does penetrate the inner being of the INTJ, however, is the Introverted Intuition, which by definition of itself is radically subjective—as it is founded upon hunches refined within the intricacies of mind. As Jung earlier mentioned, this function is the strangest of all and most difficult for the individual to transfer them onto the outside. Incidentally, such radical subjectivity of the INTJ leads them further down the path of relativism. Relativism is notorious for discounting the validity of the views of the individual. A collectivist mindset is often promoted instead of the individualistic. Yet INTJs are far from collectivistic, despite recognizing their own subjectivity and adhering to the relativistic theory of truth, they are most loyal to their vision. Often to the point of confusing the personal interests propounded by their intuitions for the interests of the entire world, and indeed this hardly is an exaggeration as such INTJs do indeed often assert that their vision must be embraced by the entire world. Unlike the NTPs who insist on acceptance of a doctrine only if it is true, such INTJs are often compelled to doubt that truth exists, yet, enigmatically, have no compunction about imposing their vision on others. Such a mindset shows a distinct superiority of the intuition over the intellect for the INTJ, as they expect for others to be inspired by their teaching less by mere reason, but more so by hunches and sentiments. For this reason, Giordanno Bruno, the famous 16th century martyr for science was committed to the flames countervailing the Chrisitan dogma that truth is objective with his heterodox notion that truth is relative.

    Reason, however, is indeed an efficient instrument to make their visions more acceptable others. This is especially pertinent because their Thinking is externally aimed, and often orients itself around political, external goals—this makes them more adept at propounding their vision to others. On this account, INTJ debaters often aspire to convince their opponent to embrace their views. Hence there can be no doubt that the relativistic post-modernist philosophical turn of our present day, imbued in mysticism and politically inclined approach to philosophy was inoculated in the INTJ flavor.

    INTJs, despite their closure-seeking approach to logic appear to be perennial learners. This phenomenon is most easily described in essence of them never running out of intuitions to process, as Introverted Intuition is in closest affinity possible with the essence of pure imagination. Very often, after the INTJ has externally dismissed an idea, he will retreat to his inner life to process the notion further. This activity, however is much different from the careful analysis of the INTP—the INTJ is concerned with perception more than judgment or just exploring the idea as an end in itself, often pushing his imagination to the greatest extremes possible. As a result, most ideas are either divorced from reality or the INTJ is unable to communicate them in a way they could be easily accessible to all. However, the few ground-breaking insights the INTJ will make, one can almost certify could not have been attained with conscious thought. As a last word on the interplay of Introverted Intuition and Extroverted Thinking, it should be noted that INTJs heavily gravitate towards paradoxes, or the very idea that certain notions cannot be discerned with the laws of logic alone. This attests to their marked preference for perception over judgment, and the superficiality of their Thinking. They do not strive to scrutinize thought to the smallest and purest essence, as INTP philosophers like Hegel and Heidegger were known to do---but tend to see logic as means to the end of giving affirmation to their vision and imposing external order. Thus their greatest merit lies in prescience of intuitive insights. INTJs were often deemed prophetic by those who have observed them as they seemed to have generated insights out of nowhere---in a metamorphosis like fashion. Many were able to predict the future with considerable accuracy, this, no doubt, one may argue is because their perceptions run deeply and intensely enough to notice the patterns in nature that are inscrutable to the conscious mind.

    Yet because their hunches are in closer affinity with their internally envisaged world rather than with the world of external perception and for this reason the INJs are unable to communicate their vision in a way that is intelligible to others as they simply do not live in the same world as the rest of us. Hence, the justification INTJs offer for their ideas is often untenable. A striking case in point for this is the belief in karma or how there may be a mystical connection between the lines on our palm and our life-span Such beliefs are more common among INFJs than INTJs, yet as a rule this evinces the marked preference for the intuition over the intellect, whereas many of the true insights of the INJs are supported by poor reasoning and on this account the Western civilization has lost much. As it has dismissed the ideas of the INJs mistakenly believing that they could not be supported by argument, whilst the case was only that the INJ has not found a way. to do so.

    The ethic of the INTJ often remains relative for the aforementioned reasons and most importantly extroverted judgment which insists more on good manners rather than emendation of the inner being. As Ivan Karamazov insisted, without God all things are permissible. Or without an authority to impose a regime upon us, we will be running amuck. This is exactly the case of Extroverted Judgment destitute of introverted—what ensues as a result, evidently, is the individual lacking principles that are truly his, he then pantomimes those universally accepted as desirable. As Thomas Hobbes, an INTJ himself, argued that without a sovereign human life is nasty, brutish and short. Or in other words, we need to rely on authority, as failure to realize this will lead to monstrous consequences. Evidently, what the INTJ needs is not achievement of their outer goals, or Te—which would recommend bringing about order to their external world through the mouth of a sovereign who shall make the world conform to their visions, but ability to find peace from within, and not from without. This can be accomplished only if the introverted judging feeling faculty is properly employed.

    III. Ni-Fi axis

    INTJ, of all four rationals, is most in tune with the Feeling aspect of their psyche. Essentially, their visions are meant not only to be oriented around impersonal agendas, but also make a powerful appeal to the human element. Corrupt introverted judgment, however, as explored in depth in the INFP profile leads to radical egocentricity. This can be a particular menace with types operating on auxiliary Introverted Judgment whereas it will be powerful enough to inflict serious harm on the external world. Least harmful perhaps in types with inferior introverted judgment. We know that the less properly a function is utilized, the more corrupt it is likely to become. Hence EJ types, with inferior introverted judgment are most likely to have such a faculty corrupted. INJs are less likely, though their introverted judgment is more powerful than that of the EJ types indeed. This places the introverted judgment in a very peculiar position. The EP types may not be corrupt enough to become egocentric, but INJs have shown to be far more likely to succumb to this malady. As the three greatest proponents of ethical egoism, Hobbes, Nietzsche and Sartre were INTJs.

    The inner life of the INTJ tends to be chaotic as aforementioned due to the lack of proper use of introverted judgment, and Introverted Feeling appears far too soft-hearted to bring about the inner order the INTJ longs for. INTJs are most adept at scrutiny of aesthetics and the human element as their Feeling function is the strongest out of all Thinking types. For this reason we often observe INTJ novelists and poets competing with the Intuitive-Feeling types in the literary arena. In that regard the visions of the INTJ become even more forceful than that of the ENTP, as they primarily rely on hunches and sentiments to convince others to embrace their vision. In that regard, they are supreme.

    As Jung noted about the ENP: ”He brings his vision to life, he presents it convincingly and with dramatic fire, he embodies it, so to speak. But this is not play-acting, it is a kind of fate.”

    The ENTP is much skilled at expression, or presenting his external vision to others. Yet the INTJ is not, his vision is far richer and more profound than that of the ENTP, but in mere essence should affect the individual in the same fashion—the impact, however, should be much more profound as Introverted Intuition focuses more intensely and is far richer in imagination than the Extroverted.

    The nature of Feeling for the INTJ is predominantly negative, as they tend not be comfortable with this function. Much more comfortable than the rest of the Thinking types, however, not to the extent that the dominant or auxiliary Feeling types tend to be. Feeling is also subordinate to their Intuitive and Thinking faculties. For this reason their visions are often fraught with sentiments romanticizing their abstract notions about the world and celebrations of their successful by the conventional standards endeavors. Feeling, very rarely has an autonomous voice of its own and merely cheers to what the Ni-Te axis considers desirable, and frowns at what it considers undesirable. But when it does acquire autonomy of its own, the INTJ almost infallibly overcomes his ‘existential crisis’ and his life is radically altered for the better. As then his visions will be satisfactory by virtue of their significance to the inner being and not the seemingly hollow external standard. Often INTJs will distort their perceptions of their feelings to better accommodate their hunches or logical reasoning.

    IV. Extroverted Sensation

    Extroverted Sensation is the weakest aspect of the INTJ’s psyche and represents most of his fears. As mentioned in the first section, the fear of being invaded and having one’s inner vision crushed by the external material world. INTJs, as introverted perceivers, take their external environment very seriously, and the playful attitude of Extroverted perception is anathema to them. Extroverted Sensation, for aforementioned reasons is the most negative of all functions for the INTJ. For this reason, externally oriented memories remembered are often of despondent mood, and due to the apparent instability of this function within the INTJ psyche, impulses and memories are distorted to better befit hunches. INTJs tend not to be adapt at memorizing facts or applying them to their concrete environment, as well as tend to struggle with SP-oriented tasks that require hands on interaction with the external world. The bright side of this, however, is that INTJs are unlikely to fall victim to overindulgence in sensual pleasures as this tends not to be a significant part of their lifestyles. Mostly they abhor the sensualist approach to life and without much hesitation favor the intellectual/imaginative path over that of the sensuality, and mostly fall victim to overindulgence in sensual pleasures in extreme cases of neurosis where Extroverted Sensation spirals outside of their conscious control and begins flooding them with strange impulses they neither wish to face or understand.

    V. Summary

    -INTJ is primarily driven by the internally focused intuition which produces a vision aimed at highly esoteric and abstract goals. Highly esoteric because of the intense abstractness of the faculty of Introverted Intuition, and abstract because Intuition of the INTJ, by virtue of the Introversion factor has the most intensified form of intuition. The stronger the intuition, the more abstract it will be. Introverted Intuition is the strongest form of intuition.

    -Because perception is oriented around the subject for the INTJ, their attitude towards life stands in sharp contrast with that of quintissential perceivers. Preservation of the subject is of foremost priority. INTJs tend to handle change quite poorly as their minds get attached to the process of modifying the environment that best befits their inner vision. Conforming to the external agenda is closer in tune with Extroversion rather than introversion, and conformity or adaptability to the external environment is a property of Extroverted perception which is anathema to the INTJ.

    -Extroverted Thinking of the INTJ insists on the external application of the vision, though this is difficult to accomplish because the vision is too abstract to be easily applied to the external world. Moreover, the standard of Extroverted Thinking is too meager and impoverished to capacitate the lofty visions conjured by the Introverted Intuition.

    -The INTJ struggles to find meaning in life because he is at a loss to come by an internal standard to assess his intuitions by. Extroverted Thinking is unacceptable not only for the reason mentioned above, but also because it is simply an external standard incommensurable to the intensenly internal vision of Introverted Intuition.

    -Cultivation of Introverted Feeling does indeed lead to meaning in life for the INTJ, yet this proves to be a difficult process to accomplish because Introverted Feeling is but a third faculty in rank. Yet when this is accomplished, the existential angst desists.

    -Extroverted Sensing is the shadow side of the INTJ and represents the most undesirable elements to the type.

    -INTJs tend not to be able to acquire the due conscious grasp of their intuitive insights because they do not have the sufficient faculties of conscious scrutiny(introverted judgment), nor able to present them to the outer world in a fashion they could be understood because they are out of tune with mutually shared perception. (extroverted perception)

    Despite that their visions in regards to the amelioration of human nature and society are unacceptable, there is much to learn from this type as their perceptions often run to lofty heights and when we do manage to see what is going on in their minds, we often acquire insights that we could not have acquired from rational thought alone. Moreover Introverted Intuition is the source of inspiration in itself as it requires little external stimuli in order to conjure the most ground-breaking of insights. Individuals representing this type are often unable to express their visions in an adequate fashion, yet they certainly embody their vision enough to teach by example.

    As Jung has put it: "The irrational introverted types are certainly no teachers of a more perfect humanity; they lack reason and the ethics of reason. But their lives teach the other possibility, the interior life which is so painfully wanting in our civilization."


    “Before anything else, we must work out a method of emending the intellect and of purifying it, as far as is feasible at the outset, so that it may succeed in understanding things without error and as well as possible. So now it will be evident that my purpose is to direct all the sciences to one end and goal, that is (as we have said) the achievement of the highest human perfection. Thus everything in the sciences which does nothing to advance us towards our goal must be rejected as useless” - Baruch Spinoza

    Disclaimer: As has been indicated in my previous writings on typology, my profiles are about the philosophy of a particular type and not behavior thereof. I write about the unconscious tendencies and not the external manifestations of such tendencies. This profile is dedicated to INTP philosophy and not what we may observe in our INTPs next door. As we know, our unconscious tendencies inevitably manifest in a concrete, external fashion. However, there is no need to tie this or that unconscious tendency to one particular external act. Our external behavior can easily be influenced by the context it is acted out in, and most distinctly by our external influences. Carl Jung has a distinction in his profile descriptions of ‘function’ and type. In the former he describes how the psychology of the function works, and in the latter how people of such type tend to behave. This profile is exclusively about the former, whatever references I may make to the latter are only means to the end of better understanding the former. If you’re looking for a description of ‘type’, you’d be well advised to stop reading now. For such information, you’re best off turning to the Paul James INTP profile.

    • Introversion - The attitude of assessing the external world based on the internal standards. Takes the inner world for granted and not the outer.
    • Extroversion - The attitude of assessing the inner life by virtue of the external standard.
    • Perceiving - The function of collection of information.
    • Judgment - The faculty of decision making.
    • Intuition - A faculty of abstract collection of information.
    • Sensation - A faculty of Concrete collection of information.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.

    I. Introverted Thinking

    INTP is a radically introverted type. This is the case because this type is much more influenced by the mind than the external world. First of all due to the heavy introversion of the INTP which is reinforced by Intuition. Secondly because of the nature of Introverted Thinking which by itself is the most internally focused faculty. Introverted Thinking tends to be tough-minded and therefore not as easily fettered by others extrinsic elements such as Feeling, Intuition and Sensation. Hence, Ti preserves more of the element of introversion than its introverted counterparts. Evidently, this tends to lead to an uncommon resilience and insistence on attunement with one’s inner perspective as well as a marked aversion to extroversion. The former is the case evidently due to the tough-minded nature of Introverted Thinking and the latter due to the distinct preference for Introversion over Extroversion. As Jung notes Introverted Thinking is primarily oriented by the subjective factor. One may wonder what the meaning of such a proposition is granted that we tend to associate Thinking with objective, impartial judgment, yet here Jung asserts that Introverted Thinking is primarily oriented around the subject. The subjectivity that Jung speaks of is not to be interpreted as synonymous with arbitrariness, but rather tantamount to pertaining to the inner life or the outer.

    Thus we can equate a subject with the mind and object with the external world. A subject with the inner life and object with the outer. If we grant that it is the Thinking faculty that is to be associated with objectivity of judgment, it is not at all the case that Introversion is an impediment in such a regard. One may think that since the Introverted Thinker assesses the external world based on his inner quota, it likely is the case that he may attempt to shape the external world into what the inner vision would like to see it as. That is without a doubt the case, however we clearly see a parallel of such activity in extroversion where the subject is forced to conform to the external standard. In any case this appears to show that neither extroversion nor extroversion tend to be advantageous when it comes to the matter of attaining highest objectivity possible. Yet, whether the subject or the object is made to conform to one another is irrelevant because the salient aspect of the problem is Thinking and not Extroversion or Introversion. On that account we see that it is the Thinking that is made to conform to either object or the subject, which by its own nature is impersonal. Therefore the strong tendency towards either Extroversion or Introversion will not make the Thinking in itself any more or less impersonal. The distinction that we shall see between the two phenomena is that Introversion will lead the Thinker to contemplate problems pertaining directly to his unconscious, yet Extroversion to contemplate problems relating not to himself but to the outer world. However, once again, Thinking remains Thinking, or impersonal by its own essence. Hence, on one hand we have the objective or impersonal analysis of external phenomena and on the other an objective or impersonal analysis of problems pertaining to one’s inner life.

    One may ask what exactly drives introverted Thinking, what exactly is this aforementioned inner world? Essentially it is one’s unconscious mind and unconscious tendencies that the Thinking of such a type primarily orients around. Hence, because the inner life of the INTP is most concerned with logical analysis, the unconscious mind of this type gravitates towards ideas that require calm and careful contemplation. For this reason we very often observe that this type is highly represented in the field of Mathematics, Hard Sciences and Philosophy. Essentially the enterprises where the preference for impersonal analysis over the human element is firmly pronounced. INTPs who have not developed skill in such enterprises are likely missing out on much, as these tend to be the enterprises where a sound Thinking faculty is most in demand. There can be no doubt that impersonal analysis may be applied to all things, yet in many other intellectual enterprises the resistance to dispassionate analysis is much greater. Or the Thinking is often objected by the human element (F), concrete tasks (S), and visions often irrelevant to the problem requiring solution (N).

    “It begins with the subject and leads back to the subject, far though it may range into realm of actual reality. With regard to establishment of new facts it is only indirectly of value, since new views rather than knowledge of new facts are its main concern. It formulates questions and creates theories, it opens up new prospects and insights, but with regard to facts its attitude is one of reserve”. This aspect of this type shows a marked preference for a subject over the object. Thus, unlike an Extrovert who is primarily concerned with establishing the existence of the objective reality outside of himself, the INTP is concerned with the external world only to the extent that they relate to his inner life. Thus, the purpose of observing the external world is to understand it. Introverted Thinking is more synthetic than Extroverted Thinking on the account of being closer to the unconscious mind itself.

    “Facts are of secondary importance for this kind of thinking; what seems to it of paramount importance is the development and presentation of the subjective idea, of the initial symbolic image hovering darkly before the mind’s eye. Its aim is never an intellectual reconstruction of the concrete fact, but a shaping of that dark image into a luminous idea. It wants to reach reality, to see how the external fact will fit into and fill the framework of the idea, and the creative power of this thinking shows itself when it actually creates an idea which, though not inherent in the concrete fact, is yet the most suitable expression of it. Its task is completed when the idea it has fashioned seems to emerge so inevitably from the external facts that they actually prove its validity.”

    Thus, the Introverted Thinking cannot accept concrete facts as self-evident, propositions are only deemed to be true after they have been subjected to rigorous logical scrutiny. Since the introverted Thinking relies much more on the inner world than the external reality, the Thinking itself is inspired by the internally established premises and axioms. It inevitably imposes the ways of its own operation onto the external world, or in its own mind expects the entities observed in the external world to conform to its principles and ideas. Because Introverted Thinking is most concerned with contemplation and not action, it will not force the external entities to embrace its values and ideas, yet rejection of ideas in the external world that are not in tune with the Thinking of the inner life could not have been any more clear. Introverted Thinking may be less rigid than Extroverted Thinking because it relies on the mind itself more than the Extroverted, for the reasons mentioned above, yet the reliance on the previously established inner premises and ideas is unmistakable. Just like the Extroverted Thinker often finds one standard to assess all things by, and simply reject whatever does not agree with the standard, the reliance of the Introverted Thinking on its inner archetypes is unmistakable. If the Thinking is not properly supported by Intuition or any other Extroverted faculty, it will be very difficult for the INTP to divorce himself from the archetypes that his mind orients around. In extreme or even pathological cases, the INTP will not be able to perceive the external entities in its own right, but will try to shape them into what the inner life wants to have them as. The inner archetypes are inspired by his unconscious tendencies, most obviously and the accumulation of ideas based on what he has thought about before.

    ”But no more than extraverted thinking can wrest a sound empirical concept from concrete facts or create new ones can introverted thinking translate the initial image into an idea adequately adapted to the facts. For, as in the former case the purely empirical accumulation of facts paralyzes thought and smothers their meaning, so in the latter case introverted thinking shows a dangerous tendency to force the facts into the shape of its image, or ignore them altogether in order to give fantasy free play. In that event it will be impossible for the finished product—the idea—to repudiate its derivation from the dim archaic image. It will have a mythological streak which one is apt to interpret as “originality” or, in more pronounced cases, as mere whimsicality, since its archaic character is not immediately apparent to specialists unfamiliar with mythological motifs. The subjective power of conviction exerted by an idea of this kind is usually very great, and it is all the greater the less it comes into contact with external facts.”

    Such a claim of Jung clearly shows that the more the INTP introverts, the more difficult it becomes for him to retain objective understanding of the external world. In such cases the Thinking takes over the temperament of the INTP. Thinking will be seen as an end in itself. Or the INTP will be doing logic for its own sake. Not to solve any particular problem, but simply to solve problems of any kind, whatever they may be. The attempted problems often have little to do with the external world, as the INTP will try to shape the external information into whatever best fits the inner standard. For this reason the work of the Extroverted Intuition will often be distorted to a radical degree. The external reality will be replaced by the INTP’s world of theoretical possibilities. The reasoning of the INTP may be as close to impeccable as it could have been, yet the more he resigns himself to the influences of the inner life and the unconscious, the more likely he is to arrive at false conclusions about the external world. That is the case because however sound his reasoning may be, his premises would have little to do with the external reality. The more he introverts, the less likely he is to recognize this as the case even when the situation could not have been any more obvious. That is so because the more he goes inward, the more he relies on the inner archetypes which shall have his thinking tied down to themselves like a dog to a chain. Moreover, the tough-minded aspect of Introverted Thinking or Thinking itself is a salient factor. The Thinking resides internally and the more the INTP indulges in his inner life, the more self-righteous he becomes as the Thinking becomes slave to his Introversion or the archetypes that dwell within his unconscious. Thus, the INTP will apply his casual tough-minded approach not to the pursuit of truth, but merely to the preservation of his unconscious archetypes, as in that cases those images would be all that he may know.

    Jung has made a very incisive observation earlier that the Thinking will only appear creative and whimsical, but Thinking remains Thinking in its own right, not imagination. The merits of imagination of the INTP stem from the Extroverted Intuition which often appears to be lacking when the INTP is not balanced. Thus, the sheer depth of thought and attunement with the unconscious is often mistaken for the creative power itself. In reality, however, the Introverted Thinking merely takes the INTP inwards and then Intuition, because the proper attention is not paid to this faculty becomes no more than a serf of the Thinking type. The Intuitive energy at that point is diminished as well, yet used to further promote the ventures of the Introverted Thinking.

    “The extraordinary impoverishment of introverted thinking is compensated by a wealth of unconscious facts. The more consciousness is impelled by the thinking function to confine itself within the smallest and emptiest circle—which seems, however, to contain all the riches of the gods—the more the unconscious fantasies will be enriched by a multitude of archaic contents, a veritable “pandaemonium” of irrational and magical figures, whose physiognomy will accord with the nature of the function that will supersede the thinking function as the vehicle of life. If it should be the intuitive function, then the ‘other side’ will be viewed through the eyes of a Kubin or a Meyrink. If it is the feeling function, then quite the unheard-of fantastic feeling relationships will be formed, coupled with contradictory and unintelligible value judgments. If it is the sensation function, the sense will nose up something new, and never experienced before, in and outside of the body. Closer examinations of these permutations will easily demonstrate a recrudescence of primitive psychology with all its characteristic features.”

    Such examples seem to show that the Extroverted faculties of the INTP tend to be weak and subservient to the introverted, most prominently so to the Introverted Thinking. As we have established in our earlier profiles, the Hegelian master slave dialect seems to be prominent in Jung’s typology. This is a distinct example of such a phenomenon. The poorly developed extroverted functions often manifest themselves in examples similar to those above. The INTP as the most internally focused type is in greatest risk of all types to incur a off-balance disposition.

    The tough-minded and intense Thinking oriented approach to life renders the INTP competent at nearly all activities that he holds an interest in. His focus tends to be rather narrow, as the primary aim of Introversion is ‘intensity and not extensity’, and the Introverted Judgment in this regard is even more selective than that of the Introverted perception. Introversion by its nature is very selective as it is subject oriented rather than object oriented. The INTP, being the most internally focused type is the most selective of all in that regard. The primary object of Thinking is attaining competence, and the INTP tends to be very discriminative in selections of those endeavors. Very often such endeavors are those that place a high premium on intense logical scrutiny of abstract matters. Much like the aforementioned Mathematics, physics and formal logic. By and large the INTP having invested much of his energy in such activities often finds himself incompetent and ignorant in relation to almost everything else. This he will admit only with great difficulty as the inner drive of his predominant Thinking faculty compels him to believe that he is or will be competent at nearly everything. This tends to hold within the unconscious for the INTP as the Thinking is profoundly internally focused.

    In this one important respect the INTP is very different from the Extorverted Thinker who primarily orients around the external agenda to ascertain of his own competence. For instance, an ETJ will need to have formal accolades and victories in order to be sure of his own competence, he orients around what is and not what could be. He will not deem himself competent unless he could show to the world how competent he is. Yet the INTP merely needs to have a theoretical notion of his own competence and will often be concerned very little to follow through on this. Such a mental disposition often leads the INTP to overestimate his own prowess and ignore the crude fact that he is incompetent in many matters outside of his field of specialization. Should he have come to terms with this matter, he would have been hardly disturbed as the INTP in question would hardly hesitate to dismiss those matters as unimportant simply because they do not occupy a notable position in his internal agenda. Due to the very narrow focus of Introverted Judgment, the INTP holds an interest primarily in matters that he naturally tends to excel, as for the rest, it would hardly be an exaggeration to claim that in his world they hardly exist. This, of course is the mindset of a very stiff Introverted Thinking faculty. INTPs naturally dabble at many things outside of their field of expertise and specialization, especially so after they have cultivated their Extroverted Intuition. Yet clearly hold very little interest in attaining mastery of those endeavors to the extent that they have in the field of their specialization. For those reasons it is very common to observe INTP scholars become gurus in the field of their practice, yet retain no more than a superficial understanding of ideas that are not very closely linked to what they are most intensely focused on.

    As has been stated before, the Introverted Thinking cannot run on itself. It is merely a conscious scrutiny of information already collected. If there is no fuel to come by from the faculty of Extroverted Intuition the INTP will scrutinize the old information to the point of great extremity. He will think them out to the maximum. Yet no matter how logically consistent and deep his analysis may be, he will likely fail to solve the greater and more significant problems as he simply has no notion of them because he has failed to collect the relevant information. The more neurotic the Thinking faculty goes, the more in possession of the faculties of perception it becomes. In extreme cases it may get to the point where only the information that is relevant to the agenda of Introverted Thinking could be collected. In such cases, it would be close to impossible for the INTP to solve relevant problems concerning the external world as he is much too caught up in his inner life. By and large, due to the intensity of focus on the inner life, the INTP tends to hold little interest in ideas that are not directly relevant to his inner life and the agenda of Introverted Thinking. The more unbalanced such a type becomes, the more difficult it would be for the INTP to do genuine thinking, despite that this is nearly the essence of the type itself. That is because the INTP will be tied down to the inner archetypes which will preclude new information from flowing in. Or in colloquial terms, the INTP will not be able to think at all because there will be nothing to think about other than the matters that have already been integrated into the inner life, which of course, have already been thought out to the maximum. This is where we encounter the axis of Introverted Sensation in the INTP which is a very servile lackey to the ostensible introversion of this type. Not only will the Thinking be tied down to the inner life, but it will also be calcified by the concrete images bestowed upon it by the primitive Introverted Sensation of the type. This is not to argue that the Introverted Sensation by the property of itself is primitive, yet in the case of the INTP, it very much is as it tends to be under-developed. Thus, in such cases, the INTP will not be open-minded as a typical Intuitive is but will merely rely on the ‘wealth of unconscious facts’ stored within the Ti-Si faculties. This does indeed parallel how the dominant Extroverted Judging types often make hasty judgments without first having thought the matters through. They are tied down to the external convention in analogous fashion as INTPs are to their inner archetypes which could not be refreshed due to the want of Extroverted perception. This is the danger previously noted by Jung in regards to how the intense inner scrutiny of the INTP could render satisfactory interaction with the external world difficult. In exaggerated and extreme cases impossible, this is the gist of the absent-minded professor persona who simply has no notion of the environment surrounding him.

    “The representation of facts has an incontestable truth because the subjective factor is excluded and the facts speak for themselves. Similarly, the representation of the irrepresentable has an immediate, subjective power of conviction because it demonstrates its own existence. The one says ‘Est, ergo est” (To be is to be perceived, Berkeley), the other says “Cogito, ergo cogito.” Introverted Thinking carried to an extreme arrives at the evidence of its own subjective existence, and extraverted thinking at the evidence of its complete identity with the objective fact. Just as the latter abnegates itself by evaporating into the object, the former empties itself of each and every content and has to be satisfied with merely existing.”

    Thus, what we see here is both faculties come up vacuous, the Extroverted Thinking for obvious reasons, as extroverts are typically ridiculed for being empty and shallow. Yet the supposedly most introverted type who is supposed to be the complete opposite of this is far from exempt from the same charge. It should be clearly noted that development of Extroverted faculties and especially Extroverted Intuition is of paramount importance to the INTP as without this he could not fulfill his most elementary goals of becoming a sound thinker.

    As concluding remarks on the nature of Introverted Thinking it should be noted that unlike the Extroverted Thinking, it does not settle for the conventionally agreed upon ‘rules of reasoning’. It questions the essence of pure thought itself and the idea of ‘pure reason’ is most endearing to this type. Thus, for this reason, INTPs gravitate towards philosophy of mathematics and philosophy of language as both involve the scrutiny of symbols depicting the means necessary for the understanding of the world. Essentially all judging functions are symbolic as they involve judgments. Extroverted Judging functions borrow their symbols from the external world, yet the Introverted functions to a much lesser degree. For this reason the INTPs, unlike the Extroverted Judging types will not hesitate to criticize the linguistic convention for the purposes of emendation. Will often go so far as to concoct symbols and terms of their own for the sake of greatest logical soundness possible. Such neology is most clearly represented in the works of Hegel and Heidegger, and investment in formal logic and philosophy of language by the cotemporary philosopher Noam Chomsky.

    The more remote the INTP becomes from the external world, the more engrossed he will be in symbols of his own, the meaning of which inheres within the unconscious mind of the INTP and could hardly be discovered by the Thinker himself. The outside observers could not cherish the hope of sharing that understanding.

    To better grasp my point, the reader should consider the following text,

    “The master is the consciousness that exists for itself; but no longer merely the general notion of existence for self. Rather, it is a consciousness existing in its own account which is mediated through an other consciousness, i.e through an other whose very nature implies that it is bound up with an independent being or with thinghood in general. The master brings himself into a relation to both these moments, to a thing as such, the object of desire, and to the consciousness whose essential character is thinghood. ” Phenomenology of the Spirit.

    The theoretical nature of the Introverted Judgment especially when supplanted by the big picture view of the Extroverted Intuition will be most concerned with clearly mapping out the ebb and flow of the entire world. Logic will be deemed as fundamental to the inquiry, as this will be the instrument employed to answer all questions. As Albert Einstein once said, God does not play dice. The meaning of this aphorism was that nothing in the world is arbitrary, there is an inherent logical order in the universe, and all things could be discovered should we be able to reason properly and collect all sufficient information. Russell’s and Whiteheads endeavors in Principia Mathematica, or an attempt to convert all laws of mathematics into logical principles illustrate such a mindset which also runs a parallel to Galileo who once claimed that mathematics is the language that God wrote the universe in.

    It should be noted however, that the big picture view is a property of the auxiliary Extroverted Intuition. Introverted Thinking is primarily concerned with the scrutiny of pure thought, and no more than that. Whatever we may receive in addition to this is the support of the abstract intuitive faculties of this type and not the inner nature. The ostensible depth of the Introverted Thinking can be mistaken for an intuitive prowess very frequently observed in INJs, yet that is not what the phenomenon in question. Spinoza once argued that we can attain the perfection of mind through sheer depth of thought which is much similar to how religious prophets have been transformed through the mind. As argued persuasively by Moses Maimonides, religious prophecy is a result of intuitive genius, and for this reason we notice that most prophets had Introverted Intuition as their dominant faculty. This is without a doubt a result of much deep cognition. The INTP may even run deeper than the INJs because the internal focus is more intense, yet the INTP lacks the inner volatility that the INJs have. Similarly to how the ENJ may be full of life in the external world, yet does not seem as uninhibited and inspired as his dominant Extroverted Intuitive counterparts. In this respect the INTP has an idiosyncratic approach to spirituality, one oriented by the pure thought alone. This may lead one to suspect that because the INTP orients by ‘pure reason’, he must be devoid of superstition that is commonly associated with spirituality. This is not at all the case as it is much too easy for the INTP to become caught up in his inner life which will divorce him from the external reality. No matter how logically consistent he remains, his beliefs about the external world will be erroneous, should he fail to cultivate the Extroverted Intuition as the problems which me have solved impeccably, do not represent the problems of external reality.

    Judging functions by and large tend to be more focused than the perceiving and the introverted functions more so than the extrovert. On this account, Keirsey likely was correct to grant that the INTP can concentrate more intensely than any other type. The point concerning Introversion could not be any more obvious by now and the tough-minded nature of Thinking retains more of the judging element than Feeling. For this reason, the INTP, will have a very strong inner purpose. As mentioned in the INFP profile, if the Introverted Judgment is properly developed, it will seek out a higher purpose, if not it will become, corrupt, self-serving and even hedonistic in light of the perceiving nature of the type. The INTP with a sound Introverted Judgment likely will pursue a higher purpose. Very often such a purpose includes the commonly emphasized values of Thinking and Introversion, such as fairness, pursuit of truth, inner peace and consistency with principles. This was distinctly illustrated in the lives of Spinoza, Aristotle, and Einstein. The INTP with a corrupt introverted judgment likely will engage in self-apotheosis where by default he will assume himself more important and worthwhile than others. Such an INTP will not have a sound ethic and will merely deem maxims desirable only to the extent that they concur with his interests.

    The nature of Thinking is critical and if left purely in its own element will become adversarial. In a fashion typical to any Thinking type, the INTP is naturally skeptical and often unwilling to accept an idea that he by means of his own analysis cannot ascertain of. ‘Trusting’ others comes with great difficulty, even in situations when most would hardly hesitate to do so, as the INTP almost always views the situation with a critical eye.

    “He may be polite, amiable, and kind, but one is constantly aware of a certain uneasiness betraying an ulterior motive—the disarming of an opponent, who must at all costs be pacified and placated lest he prove himself a nuisance. In no sense, of course, is he an opponent, but if he is at all sensitive he will feel himself repulsed, and even belittled. Invariably, the object has to submit to a certain amount of neglect, and in pathological cases it is even surrounded with quite unnecessary precautionary measures.”

    II. Other faculties

    Nearly as a general rule, cultivation of Extroverted Intuition for the INTP, speaks towards the acquisition of balance. This is where the INTP finds the necessary faculties in order to have the Thinking function operate properly, or merely attain the very little external fuel it requires in order to avoid being wholly tied down to the inner archetypes. This is where the INTP derives the abstract approach to life that this type is often renowned for. This is the faculty that the INTP relies on to deal with the External world. Analogously to how Extroverts are often afraid of Thinking, the INTP is afraid of acting, even on the most basic tasks. Cultivation of the Extroverted Intuition should soon remedy such problems. The intense internal focus of the INTP also often renders him inadequate at the game of practical politics, Extroverted Intuition, as shown in the ENTP profile tends to offer ample opportunities to attain competence in this endeavor. Extroverted Intuition is most adept at presentation, that is why we often see ENPs tend to have the best presentation skills. This quality is often lacking in INTPs.

    “Although he will shrink from no danger in building up his world of ideas, and never shrinks from thinking a thought because it might prove to be dangerous, subversive, heretical, or wounding to other people’s feelings, he is none the less beset by the greatest anxiety if ever he has to make it an objective reality. That goes against the grain. And when he does put his ideas into the world, he never introduces them like a mother solicitous for her children, but simply dumps them there and gets extremely annoyed if they fail to thrive on their own account. His amazing impracticalness and horror of publicity in any form have a hand in this. If in his eyes his product appears correct and true, then it must be so in practice, and others have got to bow to its truth. Hardly will he go out of his way to win anyone’s appreciation of it, especially anyone of influence. And if ever he brings himself to do so, he generally sets about it so clumsily that it has just the opposite of the effect intended.”

    Extroverted Intuition can help us grasp an overall clear perception of the External environment and the ability to interact with it in a fashion relevant to the external world. Many of the above problems can easily be remedied by this faculty. This without a doubt should remedy the problem observed in Hegel’s neology. Cultivation of Introverted Sensation will be another step for the INTP to connect with the concrete, external world. This tends to happen after the Extroverted Intuition has been rendered sound. Generally, the faculty of Introverted Sensation tends to be negative and the INTP is closer in tune with negative rather than positive memories and concrete facts. Extroverted Feeling represents the shadow side of this type. Because the INTP tends to think his issues out to the maximum and his thoughts dwell primarily in the inner life, he has difficulty relating to the external world. In part this is to be cured through cultivation of Extroverted Intuition. Extroverted Judgment allows for us to act decisively and firmly in the external world without further ado. This is the quality that INTPs tend not to acquire easily and naturally. For this reason much of the time they end up merely thinking and never acting. Cultivation of Extroverted Feeling will give the INTP ample opportunities to bring their ideas to the world of objective reality. Since all Extroverted Functions tend to be remote from the mind of the INTP, the Extroverted Feeling is often unconscious and the INTP has little awareness of how this faculty operates. This is indeed the Achilles Heal of that type. For this reason the INTP is often unaware of his needs in relationships and what must be accomplished in order for a satisfactory result to be attained. This is the part of the INTP’s life where he is most prone to confusion and incompetence, which stands in glaring contrast to his tough-minded Thinking oriented approach to life with intense focus on activities he is likely to have mastered.

    “In his personal relations he is taciturn or else throws himself onto people who cannot understand him, and for him this is one more proof of the abysmal stupidity of man. If for once he is understood, he easily succumbs to the credulous overestimation of his prowess. Ambitious women have only to know how to take advantage of his cluelessness in practical matters to make an easy prey of him; or he may develop into a misanthropic bachelor with a childlike heart.”

    Evidently, the INTP’s critical attitude towards nearly everything falls short of saving him in such situations as very often quick interpersonal decisions are required in order to get through the world of people. This is a property of Extroverted Feeling which is often scarce in this type. The INTP often lacks competence in profound and long term interpersonal decisions as this is the property of Fi, which is even less pronounced in this type. By and large, the lack of Feeling precludes the INTP from understanding others properly. He could attain such an understanding through careful logical analysis, yet such discoveries come with time and great difficulty as the clarity the INTP requires for problem-solving is often lacking in the world of people. Although adaptable by nature, the Extroverted Judgment property of the Feeling of the INTP makes it difficult for him to improvise in interpersonal affairs. Sudden changes of emotive climate will likely take a heavy toll on the psychological state of the INTP. For this reason, this type tends to emote gradually rather than mercurially. The INTP tends to have rather basic needs in relationships as he requires little emotional reassurance. Though, the intense Thinking approach requires clarity and directness, the absence of which, in intimate situations, often throws the INTP in states of high anxiety and confusion. The negative nature of Extroverted Feeling (our lesser functions, as a general rule tend to be negative because we tend to lack comfort using them) contributes to such a state. Because Extroverted Feeling orients by External symbols, the INTP has a slight need for direct external reassurance that is most prominent in FJs. Because the Extroverted Feeling plays such a small role in the psyche of the INTP, this is often overlooked, yet in intimate relationships this tendency becomes unmistakable. If left without the due attention, the INTP will be overcome with a sense of uneasy that he himself would not know where derived from, sustaining harmony in such situations would be rendered more difficult. Due to the poverty of the Extroverted Feeling faculty, the INTP is notorious for overlooking or misunderstanding his basic emotive needs and communicating them to their intimates. This of course, can be rectified through cultivation of the Extroverted Faculties, primarily the Ne-Fe axis. As the last word on this phenomenon it should be noted that the strong Introverted Judging nature of the INTP may make it seem like this type emotes in a fashion more similar to Fi rather than Fe. It certainly appears this way because the Introverted Thinking takes Feeling far into the realm of Introversion. However, it should be noted very clearly that the nature of Feeling of the INTP derives its essence from without and not from within. Therefore it relies on the external situation in order to retain close emotive contact. In this regard, the INTP emotes in a fashion most similar to that of NFJs. In intimate situations, the INTP may have difficulty seperating private sentiments from that of the other person. This of course happens somewhat rarely as it takes a lot for the INTP to step away from detachment, and even in those cases he may not be aware of this due to a lack of emotional intelligence. The depth of Feeling for the INTP stems almost directly as a result of depth of thought. Thus, the INTP makes solidest emotional attachments after much thorough and sound impersonal deliberation. The nature of Thinking strives to understand the world, other functions naturally accomodate this tendency, especially Feeling. A sense of calm is often acquired as a result of the INTP having understood a phenomenon. The INTP often seeks to come to terms with the external world by attaining an impersonal understanding. The Thinker attains harmony with the external world by understanding it, much like a Feeler does by coming to a personal reconciliation with it. This often proves futile in light of the human element. Inevitably, the INTP supresses his primitive emotive tendencies in favor of impersonal analysis, the more he attempts to do this, the less likely he will be able to attain an understanding of the phenomenon in question. Feeling oriented issues for this reason represent much anxiety for this type, as these are the ones he is least likely to understand. Only when the INTP learns to accept Feeling as part of his psyche, he will be on the true path to overcoming this problem. That usually does not happen till the latter years, and very gradually.


    Disclaimer: This essay inquires only into the unconscious tendencies of the ENTJ type and not into personalities frequently associated with this persona. Or in other words, I am merely trying to describe the unconscious tendencies of the ENTJ and have no interest in people and personalities in possession of this type.

    • Introversion - The attitude of assessing the external world based on the internal standards. Takes the inner world for granted and not the outer.
    • Extroversion - The attitude of assessing the inner life by virtue of the external standard.
    • Perceiving - The function of collection of information.
    • Judgment - The faculty of decision making.
    • Intuition - A faculty of abstract collection of information.
    • Sensation - A faculty of Concrete collection of information.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.

    I. Extroverted Thinking

    “As a consequence of the general attitude of extroversion, thinking is oriented by the object and objective data. This gives rise to a noticeable peculiarity. Thinking in general is fed on the one hand from subjective and in the last resort unconscious sources, and on the other hand from objective data transmitted by sense-perception. Extraverted Thinking is conditioned in a larger measure by the latter than by the former. Judgment always presupposes a criterion; for the extroverted judgment, the criterion supplied by external conditions is the valid and determining one, no matter whether it be represented directly by an objective , perceptible by fact or by an objective idea; for an objective idea is equally determined by external data or borrowed from outside even when it is subjectively conditioned. Extroverted Thinking, therefore need not necessarily be concretistic; it can just as easily be purely ideal thinking, if for instance it can be shown that the ideas it operates with are largely borrowed from outside, ie, have been transmitted by tradition and education.” Psychological types P.342

    Extroverted Thinking, much like Extroverted Feeling is a faculty of radical Extroversion. What this shows is that it derives its methodology and identity primarily from the outside. As is well known, an Extrovert is most stimulated by the external environment. Hence, the Extroverted Thinker need not be only concrete and not at all abstract, as Jung has earlier pointed out. The Extroverted Thinker can contemplate even the most abstract of matters as long as they are supported by entities of the external world. The thinking of individuals like Napoleon Bonaparte and Alexander the Great are distinct representations of such phenomena. However, it is clear that the Extroverted Thinker is more comfortable in the realm of the concrete than in the abstract. As on this account we may compare the Thinking of Napoleon Bonaparte, who could be thought of as a representative of Extroverted Thinking in relation to the thinking of Albert Einstein. Both have demonstrated an ability to think in the abstract with great proficiency, yet Einstein, the Introverted Thinker has advanced further in the realm of abstract thought because he needed less support of the object. The Extroverted Thinker needs the concrete for the following reasons. In order for his thoughts to be validated, they need to be confirmed by an external object. As has been shown by the great English philosopher of the 17th century, George Berkeley, there are no abstract ideas in the material world. Hence, whatever is material, or external to the mind is only concrete. As common sense shall inform us, we may have abstract ideas in our imagination about the table we see, but there is nothing abstract about the table that we see as a thing in itself.

    However, the Extroverted Thinker, again, to make this point more clear, if qualified by the concrete object outside of himself will feel warranted to embark on a manifold of theoretical speculations. The empirical method and the epistemical methodology of conventional sciences is in closest affinity with Extroverted Thinking. There can be no doubt that theories of psychology, sociology and biology are highly abstract and complicated, yet retain a firm grasp of the empirical evidence upon which the abstractions in such fields are founded. Before we can explore the question of what Extroverted Thinking is, we must first clearly define the essence of Thinking.

    Thinking in its own element could be equated with the essence of logic, or impersonal reasoning, the advanced version of is well known as mathematics. Thus, in condensed form we can equate Thinking with reasoning. We also know that Thinking can be both Extroverted and Introverted, the essence of Thinking in its own element has very little partiality towards Introversion or Extroversion. The difference between the two is that the former is qualified by the subject and the latter by the object. As Jung earlier comments that Thinking by and large is qualified by subjective sources (Introverted Thinking), or objective data transmitted by sense-perception (Extroverted Thinking). At the very essence, Thinking is a thought process, hence this requires work of the subjective, or the inner faculties of the individual preoccupied with thinking. However, this subjective or inner work of the thought process is most easily stimulated by the external or the concrete object. Thus the essence of Thinking is internal, however, it could clearly be stimulated both by the inner world it dwells in or by the external world it associates with, as the demarcation between Extroverted Thinking and Introverted Thinking shows to us.

    “So in Judging whether a particular thinking is extraverted or not we must first ask: by what criterion does it judge---does it come from outside, or is its origin subjective? A further criterion is the direction the thinking takes in drawing conclusions---whether it is principally directed outwards or not.” Psychological types P.342 To further elaborate on this matter Thinking derives its confidence in ideas propounded by virtue of having acknowledged the logically consistency of the notion in consideration.

    Because Extroverted Thinking is stimulated by the external or concrete object, it is principally directed outward, and because it requires the External object for maintenance of itself, the criteria it utilizes to make assessments is external to itself. As is manifest to any logician, thinking or logic requires initial premises, at best logic can show what is and what is not true granted that the accepted premises are deemed satisfactory in the given thought process. Or in other words, logic cannot certify that a proposition is either true or false because it accepts the initial premises of such a proposition by default. This is what Jung has previously referred to as an agenda. Hence, the Extroverted Thinker derives his initial premises from the outside or the objective factor, the Introverted Thinker derives them from within or the subjective factor.

    The only reason the Extroverted Thinker will not accept the premises offered by the external factor is if they are logically untenable or contradictory. However, he clearly he has no say in regards to why or why not certain notions should be accepted as he lacks the inner judgment. This of course would be the case if the Extroverted Thinker was a pure type and inhered within a psyche wholly devoid of all other faculties. The Extroverted Thinking type can attain closer affinity with the inner judgment through cultivation of his Introverted Perceptions. The Extroverted Thinking type with auxiliary Introverted Intuition is in a more advantageous position than the Extroverted Thinking type with a Sensory preference because the Introverted Intuition is more internally focused due to its abstract nature. Abstract is the antonym of concrete, and it is easy to see a connection between abstraction and introversion owing to our earlier example concerning the equation of extroversion with concreteness. As an additional note concerning Extroverted Thinking, we should proceed further to explain why the Extroverted Thinker needs to be first and foremost in tune with the concrete or External object, yet after this point is free to explore all the abstract ideas he may chose to embark on. As an Extrovert, his Externally focused faculties operate first, yet when this criteria has been met, he is free to advance towards his internally focused faculties.

    Next, we should ask, what exactly does it mean to derives premises and methodologies of thought from the outside. The Thinking of a conventional business or an operator of a military unit are a striking case in point for this. In such cases, the business man or the officer is given an agenda which clearly outlines what is and what is not acceptable. He is instructed to impose this agenda onto the external environment, whether it be other businesses or soldiers. Hence, what agrees with the agenda, is acceptable and what does not agree with the agenda is unacceptable. Of course, if the Extroverted Thinker later finds the agenda to be illogical or for any reason unacceptable, unlike the Introverted Thinker he will not be content with merely abandoning the agenda, but will be compelled to change it. This attests to the Extroverted Thinker’s tendency, on the account of extroversion to be in tune with the external environment under all circumstances. It is the very air that he breathes. What this also means is that the Extroverted Thinker is limited to the tools available in the external environment or those that could be created using the tools of the external environment to force change.

    The next question we should ask is, which factor of the psychic economy of the Extroverted Thinker is salient, the Extroversion or Thinking? The Extroversion is the air that any Extrovert breathes, Extroversion or the external material object is what the Extrovert requires in order to function, or in this case to think. Hence, without a doubt, it is the Extroversion that is salient. Extroversion is clearly more associated with action than contemplation. Hence, the Extroverted Thinker is far more concerned with application of thoughts or ideas rather than the integrity of their theoretical make up. As earlier mentioned, the Extroverted Thinker is forced to be in close affinity with the external environment. Thus, he does not have a choice not to act. To stop acting is tantamount to stopping breathing. Inevitably the Extroverted Thinker is compelled to influence his external environment and change it towards what he believes shall make it better than what it has been hitherto. His agenda may be based on the external factors of the environment that he currently inhabits, the environment he currently strives to change, however, as a Thinker he has the faculties of critical analysis that he needs to induce the necessary changes. He also has the connection to the inner life which is necessary in order to change the external environment in favor of what the inner life deems proper. This is especially the case if the Extroverted Thinker in question is gifted with Intuition. It is also the case that the Extroverted Thinker requires very little emotional support and this grants him the privilege of autonomy, as he is free to do as he deems desirable irrespectively of whether or not this merits the approval of other individuals. Thus, unlike the Extroverted Feeler, the Extroverted Thinker is much less likely to succumb to the tyranny of the convention. Clearly it is the case that his thinking is afflicted by the object in a tyrannous fashion similarly to that of Extroverted Feeling, however he is equipped with tools of far greater quality to overcome this dilemma.

    It should be mentioned however, that since Extroversion holds primacy over Thinking, the Extroverted Thinker is in danger of having his thoughts conform to what the object demands. It is certainly unlikely that he will compromise logic to conform to the object, however, he may fall prey to unconscious forces that he has very little intellectual awareness of. As an Extrovert, the Extroverted Thinker tends not to be clearly aware of his inner faculties and hence he may be tacitly undermined by them. As a dominant Judging type, he may not be closely in tune with his perceptions. As a result he may not be consciously aware of perceptions that do not confirm the attitudes supportive of his current methodologies of thought and firmly established axioms and premises of his worldview. Hence, his reasoning may almost always be analytically immaculate, however, he may unconsciously disregard ideas that currently live a world apart. Or ideas that he has hitherto had an apathetical or antagonistical attitude towards.

    It has been mentioned in earlier profiles that the Extroverted Judging type is closely in tune with the External grid of perception by which the ebb and flow of the external world is to be organized. That is the essence of Extroverted Judgment, the Introverted Judging type which has Extroverted Judgment as the shadow faculty tends to lack this grid of perception. As may easily be inferred from earlier ideas discussed in this essay, Extroverted Judgment operates primarily by comparing external variables to the agenda which it has accepted by default. It has also been mentioned earlier that the Extroverted Thinking type which is a representative of Extroverted Judgment tends to distort his perceptions in favor of the previously established agenda by Thinking.

    Thus, this leads us to further take note of the aforementioned grid of perception. The grid of perception is more informative than directive, hence it is more of an essence of perception rather than judgment. However, since Judgment precedes perception for the Extroverted Thinking type, the perception is skewed in favor of the demands of thinking. Hence, only perceptions that agree with Thinking are viewed in a favorable light and are highly likely to retain a position in the psyche of the Extroverted Thinker. Thus, all things are organized based on the agenda imposed by the Extroverted Thinking before they are properly incepted. Only upon further analysis could the Extroverted Thinker do justice to information he has stored in the categories of the agenda imposed by Extroverted Thinking. However, initially, it is not within his power to free himself from his prejudices.

    Such prejudices derive from the external world without a doubt. They derive primarily from the school of thought that the Extroverted Thinker has acquired most of his inspiration from. This is the case because as a dominant Thinking type, thinking or intellectual pursuits are prized above all. Yet, because the object or extroversion holds primacy over Thinking, the Extroverted Thinker runs the danger of sacrificing the integrity of his thoughts to the object. And this is the reason why the schools of thought which were particularly inspiring to him could have a greater impact on his own private thought than he would have wished to allow. This certainly does not give the Introverted Thinker a break, as he suffers from a very similar malady. Much like the Extroverted Thinker, the Introverted Thinker is in danger of having his thoughts vitiated by an entity foreign to the essence of thought. For the Extroverted Thinker it is the object, for the Introverted Thinker it is the subject, or his own private, unconscious predilections which dwell in the abyss of his psyche.

    Accordingly, as it has been mentioned in the Extroverted Feeling profile, the Extrovert lacks the inner conscience, hence it is very easy for him to be seduced into unethical activity as long as others are not watching. This again, does not imply hypocrisy or conscious manipulation on behalf of the Extrovert, but merely shows that because the ethical agenda lies outside of the psyche of the Extroverted Thinker, he needs to be in tune with the External agenda, in order to properly employ the standard. Or in other words, he needs to be in interaction with the external world in order to practice what he preaches, as because if he is not reminded of his agenda, he easily forgets about it. To make the point even more clear, this is because the agenda is stored in the faculties external to the subject and therefore not easily accessible from within. The obvious implication of this is that the Extroverted Thinker can be seduced into illogical thought and violation of his thinking values such as fairness and clear-headedness when not in proper interaction with the external environment. Hence, he is most logically consistent and fair when interacting with the external world. Therefore the Extroverted Thinker is far more adept as a business manager or a general rather than a solitary philosopher. For the very least he shall wish to be a scientist, as this leads him further away from essence of introversion and pure thought and into closer affinity with interaction with the external world. For this reason Extroverted Thinking tends to prefer laboratory experiments to theoretical speculations of mathematics and philosophy.

    As could be inferred from the discussion concerning the Extroverted Thinking type that we have embarked on at this point, such intense affinity with the object poses further dangers which require further ramifications. “This thinking naturally leads directly back to the object, but never beyond it, not even to a linking of experience with an objective data. Conversely, when it has an idea for an object, it is quite unable to experience its practical, individual value, but remains stuck in a more or less tautological position. The materialistic mentality is an instructive example of this. When extraverted thinking is subordinated to objective data as a result of over-determination by the object, it engrosses itself entirely in the individual experience and accumulated mass of undigested empirical material. The oppressive weight of individual experiences having little or no connection with one another produces a dissociation of thought which usually requires psychological compensation.”

    Hence, the Extroverted Thinker, in the event of having abused his faculties will not be able to think at all. As the essence of Extroversion is to be equated with action itself. Yet Thinking requires interaction with the subjective factor or one’s inner ideas. Thus, the Extroverted Thinker, in such a case, simply acts too much to think. His affinity with the external object, which by its very nature renders the propensity towards materialism hardly in need of further elaboration. For this reason, the Extroverted Thinking type tends to be over-represented in the academic circle of behaviorist psychologists. From the intellectual viewpoint, Extroverted Thinking is most adept at making practical, concrete and quick decisions in a short amount of time. Success of military generals and business officials is representative of the merit of this type. This is the case because Extroversion renders a connection with the external world fluent and quite easy in effect. Hence, the Extroverted Thinker tends to have few difficulties in relating and applying his thoughts to the external world. Yet Extroversion is antithetical with Introversion, and therefore the Extroverted Thinker tends to be much less at home in the realm of theoretical contemplation. Thus, profound thinking is not the strength of the Extroverted Thinker. As a behaviorist he can easily identify the concrete sources of the problem in behaviors of other individuals and concoct many useful practical solutions, however, he will not be able to solve the deeper, underlying problems of psychology surrounding the behaviors that have been studied. In such a case, Extroverted Thinking shall be in need of modification by the faculties of Introversion. This is the main vice of the Extroverted Thinking type from the standpoint of intellectual assessment. However, to further depict the essence of the Extroverted Thinker it is important to discuss the virtues of this type to a greater extent.

    The aforementioned grid of perception endows the Extroverted Thinker with a clearly organized mind, much like that of the Introverted Thinker. From a practical standpoint, the Extroverted Thinker holds one important advantage over his introverted counterpart. Namely that his thoughts and ideas could be easily applied to the external world. Hence, this is what enables him to make his decisions quickly and with great accuracy. Since the Extroverted Thinker is in close affinity with the external world, his Thinking is primarily concerned with how to interact with the external world. As a Thinker, he tends to be strategically minded, and his external focus enables him to apply strategies and plans to the external world. Once more, success of Napoleon Bonaparte and Alexander the Great are emblematic of Extroverted Thinker’s success at application of ideas to practical and concrete endeavors. The Extroverted Thinker, due to the intense degree of Extroverion is also quite adept at interacting with the external world. He does not contemplate the implications of his actions upon immediate introduction of them and therefore unlike the Introverted Thinker tends to be very decisive. Whatever is consistent with his agenda is sound, whatever is not consistent is unsound, and what cannot be categorized as one of the two on the spot is irrelevant. “This type of man elevates objective reality, or an objectively oriented intellectual formula, into the ruling principle not only for himself but for his whole environment. By this formula good and evil are measured, and beauty and ugliness determined. Everything that agrees with this formula is right, everything that contradicts it is wrong, and anything that passes by it indifferently is merely incidental. Because this formula seems to embody the entire meaning of life, it is made into a universal law which must be put into effect everywhere all the time, both individually and collectively. Just as the extraverted thinking type subordinates himself to his formula, so, for their own good, everybody round him must obey it too, for whoever refuses to obey it is wrong----he is resisting the universal law, and is therefore unreasonable, immoral and without conscience. His moral code forbids him to tolerate exceptions; his ideal must also be a universally valid truth, quite indispensable for the salvation of mankind. This is not from any great love for his neighbor, but from the highest standpoint of justice and truth.” Psychological types p. 347

    hus, it should be noted that the Extroverted Thinker’s identity is founded primarily on external factors. Because of this, he is tempted to define himself by his status and reputation. Since his judgment aims at the external world it therefore seeks to control entities external to himself. It is also the case that the radical Extroversion of this type leaves very little room for the essence of the individual is hardly given into consideration. As before mentioned, the Extroverted Thinker accepts externally oriented premises by default. In effect he accepts that achievement of status is highly desirable and will stop at nothing to attain the envisioned position. Thus, the Extroverted Thinker will strive for greatest accomplishment possible. In cases of exaggeration of such a problem, the Extroverted Thinker in question will strive to be god, lives of Alexander the Great, Napoleon Bonaparte and Joseph Stalin are striking cases in point. When the object predominates over the subject, nothing, not even the essence of thought or logic itself will stop the extroverted Thinker from embracing the object to the fullest extent possible, and quite often such an object can be the world itself.

    The more the Extroverted Thinker is divorced from the inner essence or the subject, the more inner conflict shall be experienced with the subject. That is the case because the object may or may not be consistent with the unconscious tendencies of the Extroverted Thinker. Since the deciding factor derives from the outside, it is very easy for the Extroverted Thinker to act and think in a fashion contrary to his internal predilections. This will cause further conflict for the Extroverted Thinking type in question, as what he deems by the standards of his external agenda to be successful may directly contradict what his inner being unconsciously gravitates towards. Or in other words, the Extroverted Thinker’s agenda may long for wealth and recognition, yet his inner being, especially his shadow Introverted Feeling may long for personal integrity and loyalty to abstract values concerning compassion. On the surface, the Extroverted Thinker may appear calm and determined to fulfill his inner agenda, yet within, he may be plagued by many doubts concerning the agenda he has vowed to fulfill as all of his inner being revolts against such a way of thinking and lifestyle.
    “If tolerance for the sick, the suffering, or the abnormal should chance to be an ingredient for the formula, special provisions will be made for humane societies, hospitals, prisons, missions, etc, or at least extensive plans will be drawn up. Generally the motive of justice and truth is not sufficient to ensure the actual execution of such projects; for this, real Christian charity is needed, and this has more to do with the feeling than with any intellectual formula.” Psychological types P. 347.

    Thus, it is well known that Thinking stands in sharpest contrast with Feeling. A type which relies very heavily on Thinking is bound to suppress feeling. The ENTJ relies first and foremost on Thinking and in cases of lack of balance or lack of sufficient attention paid to faculties other than the dominant Extroverted Thinking, such a type will strive to establish the entire worldview on the basis of Thinking. Clearly, one may intellectually acknowledge the value of Feeling oriented maxims, yet in order to truly embrace them, heavy reliance on the Feeling faculty is necessary. Such a reliance is likely to be far heavier than the dominant Thinking type which represses feeling can afford. On the conscious level he will pressure himself to apply Thinking to pursue the envisaged endeavors and in effect will be baffled at his ostensible lack of success in such activities. This will lead the Extroverted Thinking type to have blind faith in himself as by all logical means he has every reason to believe that his current course of action is sound as it contains no logical contradictions, and in light of the bigger picture will simply see no wrong with it. However, the cause of much of his inner conflict shall be the diverging attitudes of the Extroverted Thinking and the suppressed Introverted Feeling. The latter is very important because it is the most internally focused faculty of the ENTJ. When the ENTJ suppresses Introverted Feeling, he suppresses the innermost essence of his being. In this case he will find himself plagued by inner conflict that he neither understands nor is aware of how it may be rectified.

    The more the inner life of the ENTJ is neglected, the more difficult it will be for him to attain the necessary connection with his introverted faculties. This is precisely what the needs to rectify his situation. Yet the more he declines in this respect, the more difficult it will be to change the course of action. It is clearly the case that our attitude towards faculties that we are not comfortable using is negative. This requires no further consideration than the most superficial overlook of a Thinking type towards Feeling, whereas among such types it is common to believe for Feeling to be base and weak. It is also common for a Feeling type to assume Thinking to be cold and cruel almost by definition. Hence, the more the ENTJ is divorced from his introverted faculties, the more negative his attitude shall become towards his internally focused functions. To compensate for the inner turmoil, he seeks salvation in the services of Thinking function where he is led to believe that if he adheres to his principles closely enough, he shall be expiated from all his depravities and defects. “But the more rigid the formula , the more he develops into a martinet, a quibbler, and a prig, who would like to force himself and other into one mould. ” Psychological Types P.348.

    Hence, it is not only the case that the Extroverted Thinker seeks salvation for himself in that one mould, but he also believes that his identity is for the very least very similar, if not at all without difference with that of others. Hence what works for him, ought to work for all others. Secondly, his external focus compels him to attempt to control his external environment. Thus for this reason, as Jung comments, not only does he force himself into such a mold, but also others. To rectify this problem, he must dissociate his inner being from his external image and finally separate his identity from that of enterprises and individuals he controls. Just like the Extroverted Feeling type, the Extroverted Thinker is offered ample incentive to control others on the account of basing his identity externally which allows for him to claim entities external to himself as part of his identity.

    “The more the feelings are repressed, the more deleterious is their secret influence on thinking that is otherwise beyond reproach. The intellectual formula, which because of its intrinsic value mist justifiably claim general recognition, undergoes a characteristic alteration as a result of this unconscious personal sensitiveness: it becomes rigidly dogmatic.” Psychological Types P.350 The Extroverted Thinking type is in least conscious control of the Feeling faculty. His intellectual and impersonal standards would not allow wild emotional outbursts or even worse for his Feelings to interfere with his dispassionate thought processes. Instead the Feeling remains suppressed and his unconscious and personal attitudes are expressed only implicitly in undertones which seek to convey his thoughts. “The self-assertion of personality is transferred to the formula. Truth is no longer allowed to speak for itself; it is identified with the subject and treated like a sensitive darling who an evil-minded critic has wronged. The critic is demolished, if possible with personal invective, and no argument is too gross to be used against him. ” Psychological Types P.350

    Of course the Extroverted Thinker is unlikely to retort to an intellectual case against his ideas with a personal invective, but without a doubt, he harbors negative feelings about those who disagree with him concerning impersonal ideas. Unlike the Introverted Thinker, the Extroverted Thinker cannot separate himself from his external environment and therefore any attack upon his external claims and achievements is tantamount to an attack upon his whole being. As has been mentioned, if the Extroverted Thinker is not observed and judged by others at the given moment, he may go against the standards of logical consistency and fairness, yet in most cases he stays consistent and privately harbors murderous thoughts of his adversaries. The highly imaginative perspective of Introverted Intuition is a highly prized ammunition by way of such a type, as well as the negative Introverted Feeling can easily be made to despise those who do contrary to the will of the agenda of Extroverted Thinking. Our lower faculties are least pronounced of all, and in virtue of Hegel’s master slave dialect could be regarded as most servile to the dominant faculties. In the case of the ENTJ, Introverted Feeling is most servile of all faculties to the will of the Extroverted Thinking.

    “There are Extraverted Idealists so consumed by their desire for the salvation of mankind that they will not shrink from any lie or trickery in pursuit of their ideal. In science there are not a few painful examples of highly respected investigators who are so convinced of the truth and general validity of their formula that they have not scrupled to falsify evidence in its favor. Their sanction is : the end justifies the means. Only an inferior feeling function, operating unconsciously and in secret, could seduce otherwise reputable men into such aberrations.” Psychological Types P.349 Two reasons are noticeable at the outset to explain such a phenomenon. The Extroverted Thinker operates primarily on the basis of an External agenda. Hence, being regarded by others as competent may be the highest possible achievement. Therefore, if the scientist in question is convinced that he can fabricate evidence in favor of his discovery without great retributions, he shall see no reason to do otherwise. Secondly, the Extroverted Thinker’s ideas are validated primarily by an external formula. He has much less access to the inner thought process than the Introverted Thinker. Hence, he may easily be convinced that his discoveries are sound because of one particular experiment or an observation that he has come across or one particular authority he has in support of himself. As a last point concerning Extroverted Thinking, it should be noted that this type, unlike that of Introverted Judgment, does not access ideas directly but interposes external symbols between ideas and their own perception. Hence, this makes them adept at beginning stages of learning where they could easily incorporate ideas of others and external symbols into their arsenal, yet begin to decline when they will be forced to create a path of their own. For example, an Extroverted Thinker may have an easy time learning the symbols of symbolic logic and mathematics, yet when the study elevates to the theoretical level where he shall be forced to conjure and analyze symbols of his own, he shall have a decidedly more difficult of a time. Accordingly, because the ENTJ relies on external symbols more than inner thought processes, yet the latter is possible only if qualified by a concrete object, the ENTJ runs into the danger of seeing the world in black and white as well as particularistic terms. In plain English, the ENTJ behaviorist will think that the client is either to be or not to be diagnosed with a personality disorder or any given malady if he meets the 5 out of 7 symptoms. Hence, the decision there shall be made based more on observations of concrete phenomena than on analysis of ideas in their own right. The focus on concrete data may lead the ENTJ to miss the ‘big picture’ in analysis.

    II. Introverted Intuition

    Introverted Intuition is the direct path to the inner life of the ENTJ and is the first faculty fundamental to the being of the ENTJ because it is internally focused. Thus, because a function It is the essence of individualism and abstract thought. When embraced to the necessary degree, the ENTJ tends to become even more proficient in the realm of abstract thought and shall advance closer to his goal of severing ties with the conventional laws of reasoning. Such an ENTJ will also be endowed with an inner conscience which shall lead to inner peace as well as the introverted judgment of the ENTJ. Cultivation of Introverted Intuition is the path to attunement with Introverted Feeling. It should be noted however, that the ENTJ suffers the same malady as the dominant Introverted Intuitive types, due to the subjective nature of his perceptions, his view of the environment tends to be distorted, and he also has difficulty sharing personal experiences with others as they are stored first and foremost in our most comfortably used perceiving function, which in this case is Introverted Intuition. The problem for the ENTJ is much less severe than that of the dominant Introverted Intuitive types because it is compensated by the extroversion of the type which makes him more in tune with the external environment than the dominant Introverted Intuitive types. Such affinity with the external environment prevents the subjectivity of perception of the Introverted Intuition from vitiating his worldview. The ENTJ, as an Introverted Perceiving type, unlike the Extroverted perceivers, tends to have a relatively easy time focusing only on the information that is important to the ENTJ, as opposed to all information around.

    III. Extroverted Sensing

    The sensory attitude of the ENTJ is predominantly negative and the extroversion of this faculty only reinforces the ENTJ’s image consciousness and external extravagance. However, when properly embraced it shall do well to support the ENTJ’s intellectual goals by discovering necessary facts, memories and other concrete information in relation to the objectives set up by Extroverted Thinking. Memories are most easily associated with group activities and those that stand out the most are easily relatable to the external world. Unlike the Introverted Sensing types, the ENTJ tends not to be nostalgic.

    IV. Introverted Feeling

    “Often the closest members of his family, his own children, know such a father only as a cruel tyrant, while the outside world resounds with fame of his humanity.”

    Since Introverted Feeling is most servile to the Thinking, it most easily prostrates itself in favor of the image Extroverted Thinking wishes to uphold. In itself, it is predominantly negative and self-serving. If not well developed, the ENTJ will have no interest in staying true to his values unless this could be justified logically, which is rare, or others are observing him. Unlike the Introverted Thinking type with a shadow Feeling, the ENTJ’s Feelings do not follow an external structure and therefore are able to feel in a way less relevant to that of their external environment. Usually the Feeling comes to value what appeals to the Extroverted Thinking’s mindset, when it acts autonomously it is “ petty, mistrustful, crotchety and conservative.” Psychological Types P. 350


    My disclaimer: I do not purport to write about the ENTP personality, but only about the ENTP unconscious tendencies. I am merely concerned with the archetypal quiddity of this temperament from a philosophical perspective. This is better thought of as an inquiry into ENTP philosophy rather than ENTP lifestyle, as my casual references to ENTP thinkers suggests.

    • Introversion - The attitude of assessing the external world based on the internal standards. Takes the inner world for granted and not the outer.
    • Extroversion - The attitude of assessing the inner life by virtue of the external standard.
    • Perceiving - The function of collection of information.
    • Judgment - The faculty of decision making.
    • Intuition - A faculty of abstract collection of information.
    • Sensation - A faculty of Concrete collection of information.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.

    I. Extroverted Intuition as a function in itself

    “Whenever Intuition predominates, a peculiar and unmistakable psychology results. Because extraverted intuition is oriented by the object, there is a marked dependence on external situations, but it is altogether different from the dependence of the sensation type. The intuitive is never to be found in the world of accepted reality-values, but he has a keen nose for anything new and in the making.”

    Intuition, in the Jungian sense of the term is an irrational function, or unconscious. Its primary focus is on collection of information. Intuition by the nature of itself is abstract and therefore closer in tune with the realm of imagination than with the realm of the senses. Leanore Thomson has pointed out that Perceivers tend to be right-brained in a conventional sense of the notion and judgers left-brained. It is far from clear, however, whether we should attribute the quality of being right brained to Introverted Judgment or to Extroverted perception. Or perhaps to perception in general. That notion seems amorphous, as we could well argue that INJs are more right-brained than many perceiving types because their inner life seems to embody almost all of the qualities we associate with right-brained characteristics. Namely those most closely associated with fluidity and creativity. The mind of an introverted Intuitionist is indeed unbounded by conscious judgments the minds of Types with a dominant judging function tend to be. However, one important phenomenon that we should take note of is that all of our intuitive perceptions were first inspired by external phenomena. Therefore Briggs’ approach to the Judging/Perceiving dichotomy has much merit in this respect. Namely that she regards Judging types as those approaching the external world with a judging function and intuitive types approaching the external world with an intuitive function. As we look further into the matter, we notice that Extroverted Judging types tend to have the easiest time perceiving the world in terms of concrete, conventionally established symbols. For this reason their approach to the outer world tends to be highly structured. Yet the approach of Extroverted perceivers, conversely, radically unstructured. Thus, Extroverted Perception is the radically right-brained faculty in the sense that Leanor Thomson has used the term, and Extroverted Judgment the radical left-brained faculty.

    Through these filters the outer world is incepted for us. Thus, an Extroverted Perceiver tends to be flexible in his perceptions, yet the Extroverted Judger tends to incept the environment in terms of the pre-existing concrete symbols. As we notice that the Extroverted Judgers tend to rely much more on the pre-established terms for their understanding of ideas. As for instance, it is very common for a Judger to say that they could not imagine the concept of yellow without the word yellow, yet very uncommon for a dominant Extroverted perceiver to make the same claim. For this reason, we shall argue that the Extroverted perceivers, with a slight exception in favor of Introverted Perceivers, tend to collect the soundest information. The Extroverted Perceiver is different from the Introverted Perceiver in the respect that he confronts the external environment directly, whilst the Introverted perceiver must first filter the environment through the apparatus of his own inner perceptions and then shift onto the Extroverted Judgment in order to make a decision. And only at that point he will be able to interact with the outer environment. Because of this, the Introverted perceivers tend to be the least spontaneous, as their access to the outer environment is contingent upon their inner perceptions which are remote from the immediate environment. Yet, the Extroverted perceivers, by contrast, which could be rightly deemed as an animus to the Introverted Perceivers tend to be the most spontaneous. As aforementioned, the reason for this is that they do not require contemplation for direct action, as their perceptions are always in tune with the outer world. In this regard they are even more action oriented than the dominant Extroverted Judging types, who require a plan of action, or external decisions in order to turn their wheels. Yet the Extroverted Perceiver deals with the outer world unconsciously, as the perceiving functions are by definition unconscious. Thus, here again we notice that the EP type requires least contemplation to prepare for action of all 4. This leads to the sense of quickness the EP types tend to be renowned for. We should note that Extroverted perception can very easily be misunderstood for hyperactivity and inherent inability to focus because information tends to be incepted into the mind of an EP in a torrential fashion. As there is no grid of extroverted judgment in the outer world of the EP.

    Thus the information is filtered only by the auxiliary Introverted Judgment which tends to be subordinate to the Extroverted Perception. Therefore there is little hindrance to the way the information is being perceived. Another reason the EP tends to be ‘all over the place’ is the fact that they do not have an internal agenda to how information is to be collected. Such an attitude stands in sharp contrast to the Introverted perception, which is very much guided by the internal agenda of how the information is to be collected. The term agenda appears to be highly misleading as all perception is unconscious and therefore cannot subscribe to anything we colloquially refer to as a plan of action. In this sense I do not intend to use the word agenda, yet I am merely using the term to depict the essence of reference. Therefore, the Introverted perception stands in closest affinity with his unconscious tendencies and this is the salient element to be taken note of in regards to this type’s inception of information. For this reason the Introverted Intuitor will first be drawn to information that his unconscious mind gravitates most, then slowly work his way out to the rest. As a dominant perceiver, the Introverted Intuitor wishes to collect all information, yet his sense of priority induces him towards information he tends to be in closest affinity. Yet, such a thing is unknown to the Extroverted Perceiver, as his inner unconscious ‘agenda’ is much less firmly founded. It has its seat in the guise of inferior Introverted Sensing. Thus, the Extroverted perception leaps at all information simultaneously, head over heals. This can induce the EP to be dearth of a sense of priority as all external entities that seem appealing (usually those that are novel), will be subject to exploration. In an intense mode, such a drive is highly likely to overshadow Introverted perception and the Extroverted perceiver will likely over-stimulate himself. As Jung shall remind us, Introversion is the attitude that defines the world in relation to our inner being, yet Extroversion is the attitude that defines our being in relation to the world. Thus, introversion employs the internal standard to assess the outer world, and introversion employs the standard of the world to assess our being. In this case we are examining the phenomenon of Perception. Perception is the faculty that we examine our environment with. Thus, Introverted perceivers tend to define their outer environment in accordance to their perceptions. They tend to have difficulty adapting to the outer world, so therefore they do not wish for it to change to a significant extent. For this reason the IJ types tend to be most averse to change. Thus, they tend to be most security conscious as they doubt their ability to maintain their own soundness whilst improvising. Yet Extroverted Perceivers are close to the opposite in this respect. Being supreme improvisers, they tend to have little concern for security. ENPs tend to be more adaptable than ESPs because they depend less on the immediate physical entities that environ them. Furthermore, their abstractness attests to them being more adaptable than their sensing counterparts as their mind does not depend on the immediate physical environment to function.

    As we recall, Extroverted perception does not have a focus of inception and therefore is forced to be swamped at all information at once, the all or nothing mentality results as a common factor for dominant Extroverted Intuitors. They prefer to devote all of their being to the current task, and this is never a conscious choice, but this happens as a necessary entailment of their interaction with the outer world. It is their unconscious perception that foments them to interact with the world in such a fashion, not the conscious secondary Introverted Judgment. When Extroverted Intuition becomes preponderous over introverted judgment, the ENTP will face similar maladies unhealthy ESPs tend to be afflicted with—recklessness. As Jung comments

    “Naturally this attitude holds great dangers, for all too easily the intuitive may fritter away his life on things and people, spreading about him an abundance of which others live and not he himself. If only he could stay put, he would reap the fruits of his labours; but always he must be running after a new possibility, quitting his newly planted fields while others gather in the harvest. In the end he goes away empty.”

    Thus, here we notice the lack of focus problem that we attribute to Extroverted perception and as well as the quest for novelty. The EP, unlike the IJ, must always be adapting to the new environment, therefore he easily becomes restless after novelty has worn off. In addition to accessing a myriad of new external phenomena the ENP, as endowed with intuition, will be able to come to visualize how the external environment will progress from the position it is stationed in. Thus, for this reason, the ENP is often easily able to see how the current environment could be as opposed to how it is. ENPs therefore have a natural penchant for entertaining the same notion from different perspectives. As before established by Jung, the Extroverted Intuitive type, due to the extroversion factor, depends on his immediate environment. This is where he stands in sharp contrast with the Introverted Intuiting type who may easily concoct a world of his own. An example of this type would be Nietzsche, whose vision was primarily focused on the individual and what he must do in order to accomplish his goals. An Introverted perceiver will first focus on what most piques his interest and then expand his vision further to the end of promoting the initially established agenda. Hence this is the subject oriented creation of vision. In this respect the INJ seems vertically, or in a linear fashion—beginning at one point and envisaging how the protagonist could progress towards his path, Yet the ENP will need to have the notion of the current situation fixated, and then based on that will attempt to see what this particular entity could be like. Or what it would seem like from other perspectives. Such a type would see horizontally, or forego selecting a starting point, but leap at the scenario simultaneously. Thus, an Introverted visionary is most concerned with the path of the individual, yet the Extroverted visionary with the path of the entire scenario. A glaring example of this would be the visions of social critics like Voltaire and Bertrand Russell. Both had a clear perception of what the external world is like, not what it ought to be, and then considered how it may change. Their vision encompassed all things, and its focus was never clearly placed, hence they appeared to be everywhere and nowhere. This furthermore illustrates the lack of agenda in Extroverted Perception. The Dominant Extroverted perception of ENPs, much like for their SP counterparts leads them to have light-hearted attitude towards the external environment. That, to a significant extent is the fact that they apply a perceiving function to the outer environment, and hence are not forced to make assessments of their situation. Moreover, their inner being, unlike for the Introverted perceivers, does not identify with the environment, but with their judgment. (Introverted Judgment) Because the outer environment, unlike for the Js, tends not to be of crucial importance to the ENTP, they tend to approach the scene from a humorous standpoint.

    II. Ne-Ti interplay

    “The stronger his intuition, the more his ego becomes fused with all the possibilities he envisions. He brings his vision to life, he presents it convincingly and with dramatic fire, he embodies it, so to speak. But this is not play-acting, it is a kind of fate.”

    Introverted Thinking is the rational function and the kernel of the ENTP’s inner being. As an introverted judging faculty, it is primarily responsible for establishing a clear-cut standard for the ENTP to assess the world with. However, as an Extroverted type, strangely enough the ENTP tends to rely on external cues for self-assessment. On Intuition rather than Thinking. As an Extroverted perceiver, the ENTP is more concerned with the general ambience of the environment rather than private perceptions. Thus, in order to be successful the ENTP needs to arrive at a situation where he picks up the hunch that his vision has been realized. As aforementioned, because of the ENTP’s lack of focus on external perception he is compelled to draw all of his energy into the external endeavor. As Jung commented, for this reason the ENTP tends to embody his vision. He becomes one with the essence he is currently preoccupied with. We have here a radically paradoxical notion. The generally unfocused ENTP here focuses on his vision with blazing intensity the point of becoming one with it. Essentially, unlike the judging dominant types, the ENTP does not need to focus on any one particular thing, but rather on the general scope of his environment. Thus the ENTP can easily be preoccupied with his pursuit of the entire vision whilst shifting from activity to activity whilst undertaking his project. Extroverted Intuition is often malleable and can easily be influenced by the external environment, as we mentioned it lacks the grid of judgment. The ENTP can very easily be focused on one particular task at one point and by way of external circumstances be blown away to be focused with the same intensity on something radically different.

    This problem can be rectified only through cultivation of Introverted Thinking, which is the backbone to his psyche. At this point the ENTP will have a clear, internal focus on his activities and will not rely on external perceptions for guidance. Because the ENTP requires changes in his environment, as an Extroverted perceiver and depends on the outward scenario due to the factor of Extroversion, he depends almost wholly on outward stimulation for his energy. Thus when the external environment is satisfactory, the energy level will likely be high where he will devote most of it to the current endeavor he is pursuing. Yet, if the environment is less than propitious, the ENTP will likely be drained. This, in the most benign of situations will force him into a situation where cultivation of the Introverted function is inevitable. This is desirable because only through fostering of our auxiliary function will we able to find the true sense of balance.

    ENTP thought, despite being logical due to the Introverted Thinking factor tends to be characterized by an unsystematic, if not chaotic flavor. Throughout history, ENTPs were most renowned, more so than any other type for their chaos theories. As Bertrand Russell once proclaimed..

    “Academic philosophers, ever since the time of Parmenides , have believed that the world is a unity…The most fundamental of my intellectual beliefs is that this is rubbish. I think the universe is all spots and jumps, without unity, without continuity, without coherence or orderliness or any of the other properties that governess love…it consists of events, short, small and haphazard. Order, unity, and continuity are human inventions, just as truly as our catalogues and encyclopedias.”

    This is the consequence of the aforementioned lack of external grid approach to the world. Where perceptions are incepted in the form of indistinguishable and malleable particles. Such a worldview renders the principle of individuation impossible. David Hume, another well-known ENTP once claimed that nothing in the world happens by chance, yet we are not capable of understanding the true causes of occurrences we observe.

    Here we seem to notice the interplay of Extroverted Intuition and Introverted Thinking. The notion of how nothing happens by chance is much more germane to the latter rather than the former, as it is founded on the proposition that all events happen because they are bound to do so by a certain law of nature. Yet, the Extroverted Intuition is by the nature of itself is radically anti-establishment as it repels all notions germane to status quo, or grid of solidification. Thus, ENTPs often find themselves in the position where establishing certain notions as axiomatic is far more status quo than they are willing to tolerate. David Hume’s epistemic skepticism seems to be much akin to this notion. His proposion that we tend to go not by reason, but by animal faith for establishment of our beliefs. Or one could think, odd hunches that seem to vaguely relate to the external world, and only after we apply our reasoning faculties to make sense of them. This is a distinct outline of focus-less intuition holding priority over Thinking.

    Perceptions, however, are not an end in themselves as they are for the Introverted Intuitive type, but means to the end of interacting with the outer world. As Extroverts, ENTPs are doers, therefore they see imagination and logic as means to the end of achieving an external goal. As Extroverted Visionaries ENTPs tend to believe that envisioned ideas must be matched with proper actions. As Walt Disney’s claim, who himself was an ENTP seems to support such a mindset in regards to how anything that can be imagined can be done. For the ENTP, this is not far from the truth as their visions tend to be incepted in the concrete world, for this reason it tends to be rather easy for them to apply their ideas to their external environment. Extroversion does not generate essences from within, but merely contributes to the already existing entities. Thus, the ENTP is most adept at manipulating and contributing to ideas of others. Because of their affinity with the External perception, they tend to present their thoughts with high clarity. Yet unlike the ENTJ, who tries to make his reasoning as palpable as possible, the ENTP employs a different method to have his ideas understood. He appeals to the external perceptions palpable to all of us, if Intuitive to any notable degree. Because the ENTP is more concerned with intuitions pertaining to the outer environment and not private hunches like the INJ, and they tend to approach all aspects of scenario simultaneously rather than sequentially, they tend to be apt at understanding multiple perspectives. Their attunement with the perceptions of others makes it easy for them to see how they are perceived and what they need to do in order to display exactly the kind of an image they were looking for initially. Such a keen awareness of the perceptions of their audience, is without a doubt, a strength of communication. The larger the audience, the more comfortable the ENTP is likely to be as there will be more external perceptions for them to feed off, and incidentally, it will be easier for them to appeal to the general vibe of the environment. ‘The spirit of the times’ is most relevant to the notion of Extroverted Intuition without a doubt. As such a notion depicts the quintessence of the external environment, which in itself is abstract almost the point of ineffability, one that could be accessed only through intuitions. ENPs tend to derive their insights in a rapid and disjointed fashion, and whilst being in the process of this making connections between the ideas their imaginations have just conjured. They stand in sharp contrast to the INJs in this regard whose imagination works smoothly and gradually from the inside out. The INJ who tends to have difficulty forming connections between seemingly disparate ideas because of his need to focus on one hunch at a time stands in sharp contrast with the ENTP who processes all hunches that there could be momentarily. Moreover, because he tackles the external environment with his perceiving function, he is always able to interact with it. Unlike the INTs, the ENTP does not need to retreat into himself to process or analyze ideas, as he simply can volley them as they go. For this reason the ENTP tends to excel at improvisation as he always has the big picture view in mind, without necessarily focusing on the particular aspects of the task he wishes to engage.

    For this reason they always tend to be engaging presenters, and are rarely capable of being stodgy as they are of being shallow. The light-hearted approach to life of the ENTP in connection to the aforementioned appeal to perceptions easily discernable by all leads them to become avid entertainers. Career of Voltaire and recently George Carlin are a manifest cases in point. Interestingly enough, whilst appearing to lack accuracy in thought and language, their thinking tends to be very accurate due to the auxiliary Introverted Thinking function. The Introverted Thinking allows for the ENTP to focus specifically on ideas their mind has set an interest on, this is a valuable ammunition to their scattered approach to life. Many have become avid logicians and have often outdone their Intuitive counterparts, the INJs. Maimonides, Russell, and Hume were the case in point. The above three can serve as emblematic of an ENTP with a well balanced Ne-Ti axis. As they not only prospered off their intuitions, but also showed mastery of logical analysis. This has given them the sense of internally derived self-assurance that many of their counterparts lacked. Due to the unstable nature of Extroverted perception, an unbalanced ENTP is unlikely to have a firm inner being and his self-image, as well as self-esteem will be greatly contingent upon the high and lows of the swings of his intuitive energy. And of course, to even a greater extent the intuitive ambience he shall entertain as reception from the audience. Such ENTPs will greatly depend on admiration of others for their own sense of self-confidence. They will need consistent external gratification in order to be able to hold their own soundly. This leads them to a peculiar position of being very comfortable giving criticism, yet themselves being intensely sensitive to the criticism of others. Though clearly for different reasons than the Feeling types. The ENTP will fear the criticism of others not due to the dreaded negative emotional energy to be incurred or disharmony, but rather because it may threaten the perception of his self-competence. The latter tends to be vital due to the Introverted Thinking factor. However, after the ENTP has cultivated his auxiliary Introverted Thinking, he will likely concoct an inner standard to assess his own competence. ENTPs who make a conscious effort to cultivate their Introverted Thinking will notice themselves stepping away from the external world to embrace their own judgment, and incidentally much less influenced by the external situation. At such a point the ENTP will have most confidence in his own judgment. Being well-received will be played down significantly and the ENTP will then focus on his pure intent and strictly individualistic goals as opposed to what shall be fitting to the outer environment.

    Enigmatically, the Introverted Judgment tends to be utilized for external purpose by the ENTP, as the type in itself is most properly classified as Extroverted. Thus, even healthy ENTPs tend to see achievement of an inner purpose as means to the end prescribed by the vision of their Extroverted Intuition and not an end in itself. If the Introverted Thinking falls slave to Extroverted Intuition, scenarios akin to the following shall ensue: The ENTP will grasp an intuitive notion of how he must carry himself in the outer world, likely a standard for success, very similar to the one observed by the EJ types. And then, his inner being, or the Introverted Thinking will compel him to devote all of his might to the acquisition of the goal he has set sight on. And there he will not rest until the ends have been met. There can be no doubt that for such ENTPs, the ends justify the means. Truth (Ti), will be only as good as it gets them what their vision has embarked upon..

    “The intuitive’s morality is governed neither by thinking nor by feeling; he has his own characteristic morality, which consists in loyalty to his vision and involuntary submission to authority. Consideration for others is weak. Their psychic well-being counts as little with him as does his own. He has equally little regard for their convictions and way of life, and on this accounts he is often put down as an immoral and unscrupulous adventurer.”

    This, almost certainly, is a result of the Introverted Thinking, or the judging essence, ethics building faculty being enslaved by the Extroverted Intuition. Such an ENTP sees a good thing as simply whatever is in accord with his vision. Whatever is not, shall be deemed bad. Here he simply sees no distinction between desirable and desired by me. As mentioned in the INFP profile, the nature of Introverted Judgment without a purpose will be radically ego-centric, though the introverted judger who has found a higher purpose will likely avoid self-apotheosis. The latter is the danger that the ENP is particularly susceptible. As the Introverted Judgment is unlikely to function soundly if the ENTP is off-balance. Such individuals will likely use their keen awareness of the external environment to simply ‘pick the berries’ whilst having little concern for the interest of others and even less the amelioration of the community. This once more, is an inevitable consequence of introverted judgment turned corrupt. Manipulating the external situation will be central to his interests. Extroverted Perception will give him a clear view of the ‘entire board’, and Introverted Thinking will allow for the ENTP to make sound logical decisions to do all that is necessary to appease the whims of his egocentric will. Such ENTPs function in this fashion because they lack a higher purpose, or they do not wish to pursue any inner virtue that transcends what befits their external environment. Accordingly they will have little interest in being as logical as possible for instance. They will only want to be logical enough to get what they are looking for in terms of external rewards.

    “Since his intuition is concerned with externals and with feretting out their possibilities, he readily turns to professions in which he can exploit these capacities to the full. Many business tycoons, entrepreneurs, speculators, stockbrokers, politicians, etc., belong to this type.”

    As aforementioned the ENTP is often able to put on exactly the kind of an image he needs to put on for the sake of meeting a particular external end. Thus, this appears to be a sufficient reason for why they tend to gravitate towards such fields. The character of Prince in Machiavelli, who himself was an ENTP represents such a mindset well. However, ENTPs who have developed their introverted judgment and have come in tune with the higher purpose will liberate themselves from the tyranny of the external agenda and only then will be able to come to terms with their inner being and view themselves as true individuals as opposed to mere agents of the network they are environed in. There they will be able to see a sharp distinction between the things they do to humor their outer environment and what is a true a manifestation of their inner being. There they will cease trying to be one of their personas that they’ve put on display for the sake of meeting a particular end of the outer world, but will then see personas as either irrelevant to who they are or merely means to the end of attunement with their inner being. An ENTP who has developed Introverted Thinking will truly be able to think for himself and his opinions will not be malleable by the prevailing attitudes of others and ideas that merely seem intuitive. Implausible ideas will be less likely to be accepted by such ENTPs as they will be subjected to the siege of their critical analysis.

    III. Ne-Fe axis

    “It goes without saying that such a type is uncommonly important both economically and culturally. If his intentions are good, i.e, if his attitude is not too egocentric, he can render exceptional service as the initiator or promoter of new enterprises. He is the natural champion of all minorities with a future. Because he is able, when oriented more to people than things, to make an intuitive diagnosis of their abilities and potentialities, he can also “make” men. His capacity to inspire courage or to kindle enthusiasm for anything new is unrivalled..”

    Tertiary Extroverted Feeling plays an important role in the diet of ENTP thought. The Ne-Fe axis is more dedicated to action rather than contemplation. All of what has been said about Extroverted Intuition in regards to Introverted Thinking is also true of Extroverted Intuition in relationship to Extroverted Feeling. The difference between the two is that the former bends the ENTP inwards, yet the latter only reinforces his natural aim outwards. Extroverted Intuition alone allows for the ENTP to assess the general ambience of the situation and present whatever façade is necessary to achieve a goal, yet the Extroverted Feeling promotes such an endeavor by establishing a clear-cut external agenda. This adds to the ENTP’s talent as a performer. In addition to being able to discern the ambience of a situation with hunches, the ENTP will be able to assess the emotional aura of the environment. Extroverted Feeling, if not emancipated from the command of Extroverted Intuition, will become even more of a docile lackey than Introverted Thinking. The ENTP will engage the emotions of others strictly to get himself closer to his vision which can be expected to be mitigated on whim. As such a vision is almost wholly contingent on external circumstances which are incepted in the guise of seemingly ephemeral hunches. An ENTP, unlike the INTP is often likely to be comfortable with the use of Extroverted Feeling and may even be casual about this, though in a very subtle of a manner indeed. Subtle because of the tertiary rank of the faculty as well as the indirect approach to life of their perceiving function. If balanced quality of the Feeling output of the ENTP may even appear to parallel that of feeling dominant or auxiliary types, yet if unbalanced the ENTP will likely plow forward with their crude value judgments expecting to receive benign results. Apparently, the ENTP appears to be much better at reading the thoughts of others rather than feeling and the Intuitive foolhardiness in regards to Feeling tends to lead to very crude blunders.

    IV. Inferior Sensing

    This function is anathema to the primary faculty of Extroverted Intuition. The ENTP rarely focuses on security concerns, or information that is relevant to him directly. Yet, the shadow side often manifests itself in terms of the ENTP inaccurately representing factual information and what requires concrete observation. When Introverted Sensing escapes the grasp of the ENTP’s conscious control, it will flood in a form of sensual and memory-oriented impulses. The insights he spews will be closely linked to his memories and deeply cherished beliefs. Since the Introverted Sensing is a servile lackey of the Extroverted Intuition in such a situation, memories will often be distorted to better fit the image the Extroverted Intuition wishes to see. Such an ENTP will likely also be permeated by an intense longing for security which stands in sharp contrast with his adventurous approach to life.