• MBTI: SolitaryWalker's NF Profiles

    MBTI: SolitaryWalker's NF Profiles



    “The peculiar nature of introverted intuition, if it gains the ascendancy, produces a peculiar type of man: the mystical dreamer and seer on one hand, the artist and the crank on the other.” - C.G. Jung

    • Introversion - The attitude of assessing the external world based on the internal standards. Takes the inner world for granted and not the outer.
    • Extroversion - The attitude of assessing the inner life by virtue of the external standard.
    • Perceiving - The function of collection of information.
    • Judgment - The faculty of decision making.
    • Intuition - A faculty of abstract collection of information.
    • Sensation - A faculty of Concrete collection of information.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.

    I. Introverted Intuition

    “Introverted Intuition is directed to the inner object, a term that might justly be applied to the contents of the unconscious. The relation of inner objects to consciousness is entirely analogous to that of outer objects, though their reality is not physical, but psychic. They appear to intuitive perception as subjective images of things which, though not to be met with in the outside world, constitute the contents of the unconscious, and of the collective unconscious in particular.”

    Introverted Intuition is an irrational function by the previously established definition. It does not rely on conscious scrutiny for assessment, but to something most closely in tune to the colloquial notion of 'hunches'. Since such Intuitive force is intuitively aimed, unlike the Extroverted Intuition, it requires very little external stimulus. We also know that Intuition is an information collecting faculty--as it is a perceiving function. Here we are struck by a paradox that Intuition is primarily concerned with collection of information, yet at the same time seems to rely little on the external stimulus. This leads us to question whether such an information collecting faculty truly does suffice to adequately collect information. Does it fall to the same malady Jung has evinced in Introverted Sensing?

    "Even with only a slight increase in the power of the unconscious, the subjective component of sensation becomes so alive that it almost completely obscures the influence of the object. If the object is a person, he feels completely devalued, while the subject has an illusory conception of reality, which in pathological cases goes so far that he is no longer able to distinguish between the real object and the subjective perceptions....Actually he lives in a mythological world, where men, animals, locomotives, houses, rivers, and mountains appear either as benevolent deities or as malevolent demons. That they appear thus to him never enters his head, though that is just the effect they have on his judgments and actions. He judges and acts as though he had such powers to deal with; but this begins to strike him only when he discovers that his sensations are totally different from reality."

    What, one may wonder, accounts for such a striking difference between the object itself and the IJ's perception thereof? Could it be due to the fact that this perception is Introverted? Namely that it defines the object by the internal agenda and the internal agenda itself is rarely clearly pronounced as it is an irrational function. Thus, if this were the case, the way the object is perceived is directly filtered through the scope of the introverted perception. For this reason, the objects are not assessed in terms of their own validity, but in terms of how they relate to the perceiver. Therefore, the perceiver tends to assume that the objects are much like himself, as he sees locomotives and animals as demons or benevolent deities.

    The accentuation here was on the locomotives and animals because the Introverted Sensing type, the type that the previous quotation meant to depict is focused primarily on concrete things--or sensations. Hence, he anthropomorphizes concrete entities. Or assumes that the objects in themselves have much to do with his own personal qualities. This is precisely the reason why we often have seen eyes on the Moon, the nose on the sun, and the Sword in the hands of the cloud. So our mythologies have compelled us to see!

    However, since Introverted Intuition, the function by which the INFJ is led is abstract, it tends not to see the external world in this fashion. However, the relationship it has to abstract perceptions is indeed much analogous to the relationship Introverted Sensing has to concrete data. Thus, Introverted Sensing anthropomorphizes the physical world, Introverted Intuition, almost wholly without a doubt, anthropomorphizes abstractions and ideas. For this reason it is not uncommon for INJ philosophers and scientists to be observed deeming some ideas as wicked and others as benevolent without having any reasonable explanations for such taxonomy. That is because there truly is not an explanation for such a thing, as judgments of the like reflect more about them personally rather than about the matter they have commented on and therefore often serves as evidence of their personal biases and prejudices.

    Because the way they interact with the world is necessarily influenced by their subjective perceptions, they are automatically drawn to focus most intensely on ideas that their unconscious minds tend to gravitate towards most. Such ideas soon flourish to be of solid and constant conscious interest in which their whole being shall be thoroughly imbued. This is an allusion to an earlier remark concerning how INJs tend to see abstract ideas as similar to themselves due to the anthropomorphic quality of introverted perception. This is more so for the INFJ than the INTJ as the former has a more personal and less logically rigorous approach to life. Conversely, ideas that are not in tune with their unconscious predilections, will be paid little heed to. This is where the INJ stands in sharp contrast with their Extroverted Intuitive counterparts who lack focus of perception because they are forced to confront all external phenomena at once. Introverted Intuition, however, has a distinct idea which entities are worthy of perception. To an outside observer, such judgments often appear arbitrary, yet this is more than likely the case because such Intuitive perceptions have a lot more to do with the inner life of the perceiver rather than the external world. The subject distinctly holds primacy over the object, and the Intuition itself has a clear notion of what is worthy of focus.

    "Like sensation, intuition has its subjective factor, which is suppressed as much as possible in extraverted attitude but is the decisive factor in the intuition of the introvert. Although his intuition may be stimulated by external objects, it does not concern itself with external possibilities but with what the external object has released within him."

    Thus, unlike the Extroverted Intuition that is concerned with collection of all ideas and assesses them based on how such ideas influence the external environment, the Introverted Intuition assesses such hunches based on its internal agenda and is interested strictly in ideas that befit the previously established agenda. Whilst Extroverted Intuition requires continuous stimulation, Introverted Intuition runs on itself. The Extrovert will be forced to engage himself in abstract external activities, such as writing or debating to maintain his world of ideas, yet the Introverted Intuition requires no more than a solitary retreat. The more peaceful the environment, the better, to a greater degree the vivid imagination shall flourish. Thus for an INJ, it would hardly be hyperbolic to claim that the creative energy derives literally from nowhere.

    "The extravert would say: "Reality does not exist for him, he gives up to fruitless fantasies." The perception of the images of the unconscious, produced in such inexhaustible abundance by the creative energy of life, is of course fruitless from the standpoint of immediate utility. But may give life a new potential, this function, which to the outside world is the strangest of all, is as indispensable to the total psychic economy as is the corresponding human type to the psychic life of a people. Had this type not existed, there would have been no prophets in Israel."

    Incidentally, here we touch basis upon the notion of the introverted perceiving faculty to anthropomorphize. For this reason ideas generated by these types appear flattering to men, as they seem to suggest to us that the greatest possible essences of the universe have much to do with our tastes and prejudices. No doubt, the greatest religions of the world are thoroughly imbued in personalities of their initial propounders. As the God of Christianity is much similar to Jesus, of Islam--Muhammad and respectively Moses for Judaism. There also could hardly be a doubt that many of the most influential prophets in those religions were INJs. More of them were more likely to be INFJs than INTJs because the Extroverted Feeling aspect strongly gravitates towards presenting their vision to the common folk and making it part of societal life in a very systematic fashion. But this is a note to be expounded on further in our next section on Extroverted Feeling.

    Such ideas of the Introverted perception are highly abstract as this type is most intuitive of all--due to the intensification factor of introversion. As a matter of this discovery, the INFJ turns out to be the most intuitive of all types because Feeling imposes less limitations on the perception than Thinking. Feeling is not a tough-minded function and is therefore more easily diluted by foreign elements than Thinking. For this reason Extroverted Feeling contains less of the judging element than Extroverted Thinking and therefore countervails the perception of Introverted Intuition to a much lower degree. Incidentally the perceptions of the INJ are ineffable and cannot be properly transmuted into the realm of concrete phenomena. When they do attempt to, their initial hunches are either grotesquely distorted or lost altogether. However, the Intuitionist himself appears much content with merely having the hunches that he has as they adequately guide him, even if he cannot duly explain it to others. Once more this is even more fitting to the INFJ as he relies less on objective assessment of his ideas than the INTJ for the reason mentioned earlier.

    Naturally, the INFJ converts these hunches into conventional symbolism by applying Extroverted Feeling to his perceptions. Yet, clearly the Introverted Intuition holds priority, the Intuition is the master and the Judgment is the serf. Unlike the INTJ who strives to convert his hunches into logically tenable symbolisms, the INFJ attempts to turn his visions into a public utility. Visions are often assessed in terms of how endearing they are to others and society by and large. However, as before mentioned, Intuition holds primacy over judgment for this type. Even if the visions are deemed inadequate by the Fe standard the INFJ utilizes, this will be no reason for him to stop having those visions and hunches.

    Indeed, the perception needs to be shaped in order to be shown to others, as this is what the artist will be compelled to do. Otherwise his ideas are mythological and unintelligible to others. Mythological no doubt, as he himself holds the central role in his fantasies and unintelligible to others because they are incepted in the irrational guise, or one that is not depicted in a systematic fashion. The INFJ is even more susceptible to this than the INTJ because due to the tertiary nature of his Thinking, he is less in tune with objective judgment. Very often Extroverted Feeling, when overwhelmed by the imposing presence of the dominant Intuitive faculty will be forced into the slave position. Or it will be made to conform to whatever the hunches deem favorable. In such an event the INFJ will pass value judgments strictly to support his vision. Extroverted Feeling does this even more easily than Thinking because of a lower affinity with objective judgment and in this respect supports the mythological tendencies of Introverted Intuition.

    As a last word on this contention one shall wonder if it is truly the case that Introverted Intuition, as contrasted from the Extroverted is unable to properly perceive the external environment because it anthropomorphizes it. It is indeed the case that Intuition is an irrational function and is therefore outside of the province of our conscious control, and hence many things are possible as a result of this. Especially if we take in consideration the extraordinary power of imagination entailed by such a faculty. The objects are indeed distorted, and the way they are represented is unintelligible to an outside observer, however perfectly discernable to the perceiver himself. For this reason the Introverted Sensor is well aware of the moon and the relation it has to himself, despite that he may see eyes on such a thing. The same should be said about the Introverted Intuitionist and his awareness of his abstract environment. Essentially, Intuition as perception allows for us to be most in tune with our external environment. Extroverted Intuition has a superficial awareness of all things that could be perceived, or as large of a network as possible. However, Introverted Intuition naturally focuses on the smaller pertinent zone and attains as profound of an understanding thereof as possible.

    Unlike Extroverted Intuition, Introverted Intuition cannot adapt itself to the external perceptions and the external environment but instead has a tendency to create an environment of its own. Since we know it is not possible to wholly create a world of one’s own, this endeavor of the INJs does not appear particularly promising---as nonetheless they will require some external stimulation to propel their perceptions in motion. Accordingly, just like the Introverted Sensor grasps the image of the external environment and then explores it in depth, the Introverted Intuitionist does no different. As he grasps the external environment in the guise of abstract perceptions and seeks to solidify the image. He does so because as an introvert, he forces the external environment to adapt to his own agenda, as his inner perceptions, unlike that of the ENPs are not capable of doing so. For this reason, status-quo for such a type must be preserved under all circumstances. Any variation in perceptions is tantamount to variations in the external environment itself, this strikes the IJ as unfathomable horror, as this is nearly tantamount to having their whole world unsettled. For this reason the INJs tend not to handle change well, especially change in their intellectual climate. They are forced to stick to their one vision upon which their whole worldview has been established. For the INJ, this is analogous to the axiomatic, foundational principles that the worldviews of INPs hinge upon. However, the principles of the INPs can be slowly altered as they do not depend on the fixed perception of the environment and by nature of themselves require emendation, yet the vision of the Introverted Intuition must remain solid as it serves not only as principles and guidelines in the mind of the INJ, but as the view of the world itself. If the INP was forced to change his axioms, he would rely on the Extroverted Intuition to collect the necessary information about the external environment as well as the prospects of changing the inner maxims, yet if the INJ were to attempt to do the same, he would undermine the very foundation that he stands on. As to interact with the external environment is tantamount to losing grasp with all that has been taken for granted hitherto.

    As mentioned in the ENTP profile, Extroverted Intuition works vertically, or in other words perceives all that could be perceived in the external world. However, Introverted Intuition works horizontally. Or perceives only what is relevant to the subject. Hence, it charts out one single path. Whilst the Extroverted Intuitionist often struggles to decide which path to take, the Introverted Intuitionist is never at a loss to do so as he always has his own perspective in mind, and has his aim set on the one path that comes naturally to his intuitions. This, however, leaves him very far from knowing where he stands or what he thinks, as such knowledge requires conscious awareness of his own perceptions. In order to achieve this, the INFJ will need to be able to use Extroverted Feeling soundly, and Introverted Thinking to attain knowledge of the impersonal world. Or he will need to be able to translate his amorphous hunches into symbols that are intelligible to a conscious mind. That is the topic we shall inquire into next.

    In the end of our inquiry into the functioning of the Introverted Intuition, one is compelled to question whether or not the ostensible aversion to change precludes the Introverted Intuitionist from being open-minded as traditionally associated with intuition. Can the INFJ be open-minded in the same respect that the ENTP is often well renowned for? In fact, I would argue that the INFJ is even more open-minded, despite that it may appear to be so otherwise to outside observers who are only superficially acquainted with the type and individuals representing it. Essentially, because of the boost of the Introversion factor, the Intuition of the INFJ is supported further and this respect becomes superior to the Extroverted Intuition of the ENTP. Intensity and not extensity is the aim of the Introverted Intuition. The ENTP will wish to explore all new ideas that befall his lot, and as soon as he has become acquainted with them, he will abandon them to move on to something new. This is the case for him because his perception is in constant need of external stimulation and he cannot stimulate himself from within when associating with the external entity which has long been depleted. The INFJ by contrast is on the radically different side of the spectrum. Introverted Intuition has a surplus of inner energy and can stimulate itself from within whilst requiring very little external stimulation. Thus the INFJ will entertain a myriad of ideas, more than any other type as long as they are relevant to his vision and can be explored in depth. The INFJ often has most ideas of all types on the account of being most intuitive of all. Introverted Intuition is naturally at home in exploration of ideas because it is the very essence of pure imagination. It is most comfortable in contemplation and cognitive manipulation of images conjured by the imagination. Much analogously to how the Extroverted Intuition is at ease in manipulating external images and ideas of practical application, the Introverted Intuition is most comfortable at contemplating whatever images and ideas shall befall its mind.

    “Just as the world of appearances can never become a moral problem for the man who merely senses it, the world of inner images is never a moral problem for the intuitive. For both of them it is an aesthetic problem, a matter of perception, a “sensation”.

    Accordingly, because the Introverted Intuition is most at home in the realm of abstract perceptions, it is most open to the work of the imagination and for this reason most distinctly in the position to entertain ideas.

    Before we are ready to move on to the secondary axis of the INFJ functioning—the Extroverted Feeling, there is one important point that we would be well advised to take note of. The INFJ stands in sharp contrast to the aforementioned ENFP in the regard of awareness of one’s own security. The ENFP is by nature adventurous because he perceives the external environment as an end in itself (as we have mentioned that extroversion is the attitude that perceives the external environment as foundationally existent—this not at all could be changed, thus because of the very weak perception of his inner climate, the ENFP pays little heed to his own security and unscrupulously dives forward into the external world. Introverted Intuition is quite the opposite in this respect. It does not take the external realm for granted. It takes the perception of itself, or an intuitive self-consciousness for granted and views the environment in terms of how it relates to the self.) Accordingly, the INFJ is remarkably unadventurous because he has difficulty interacting with the external world. And when he is forced to deal with novel environments, he inevitably imposes his vision of the previous environment that is still stored in his unconscious perceptions onto the new one. This is anathema to adaptability and therefore the INFJ struggles to properly adjust to change.

    Extroverted Intuition, as mentioned in the ENTP profile, tends to take the external world lightly as it is not fundamental to the inner being of the individual representing such a function. In effect, often has a playful, if not banal, happy go lucky—pick the berries attitude. Yet the introverted intuition, does indeed take the environment for granted as that is fundamental to its inner being, and in effect takes the external world quite seriously. Thus, security, especially intellectual security is of foremost and personal concern for the INFJ. If the INFJ has not managed to move his vision outwards and become properly attuned with the external environment, likely will become very rigid and dogmatic. As then the preservation of his vision, for the sake of his own security, will become more important to the INFJ than an accurate understanding of the environment and relationships encircling him. This again is an inevitable result of the Introverted Intuition having equated the existence of their entire inner world with the existence of their inner vision. Thus in such a case, the INJ will find himself barricade in his fortress of for the sake of which he will go at whatever length necessary to preserve his current train of thought.

    As this allusion could not have been carried out any more soundly than it has been here in Jung’s autobiography.

    “I can still vividly recall how Freud said to me “My dear Jung, promise me never to abandon the sexual theory. That is the most essential thing of all. You see, we must make a dogma of it, an unshakable bulwark.” He said to me with great emotion, in the tone of a father saying, “And promise me this one thing, my dear son: that you will go to church every Sunday.” In astonishment I asked him, “A bulwark—against what?” To which he replied, “Against the black tide of mud”—and he hesitated for a moment, then added—“of occultism” was virtually everything that philosophy and religion, including the rising of contemporary science of parapsychology, had learned about the psyche.”

    Incidentally, Introverted Intuition without the due support of Extroverted Thinking will become very narrow and self-involved, focusing on nothing else but the quintessence of the internal vision. Whatever is not in tune with the internal vision will almost certainly be dubbed evil. Not because there is a reason to believe it undesirable, but simply because the INJ has deemed such idea evil, much like the ISJs often deem certain trains and dogs evil. Incidentally Freud’s expression of ‘occultism’ to depict ideas that disagree with his sexual theory was off-base. He was using this word emotionally, rather than in linguistically precise fashion as he seems to have been carried far away by his hunches. The term ‘bulwark’ that Freud has used in that fragment is strikingly indicative of the state of mind he has held—that he wished to fortify his vision from all ideas that are even slightly inconsistent with his, as they are simply ‘the black tide of occultism’. Freud of course did not give an argument for deeming the things he considered occultism as such, and this seems to evince the subjective bias of his own perceptions.

    As a side-note on Introverted Intuition as a function in itself it should be noted that it does not perceive the world in the conventional fashion of Extroverted perception, or in terms of how the individual may contribute to his environment. But perceives the environment in terms of how it strikes its own apparatus of perception. In this respect, the external influx of ideas is imposing and invading to the INJ because his primary purpose is to preserve the vision that he has in mind, which by all rights to him is superior to that of the External vision. Had he had his way, he would freeze the scenario he has in mind and be content with that eternally. The following picture is often paradigmatic of the way the INFJ perceives the external world—he lives in the state of antithesis of his own will to promote his inner being through his inner vision and the external world which by virtue of itself thwarts the inner vision. Nietzsche, an INTJ , has argued that two drives inhere within human nature. That of the Will to Power and that of fear. Incidentally, the will to power is the vision the INTJ ought to impose on the external world, and the pursuit of power is necessary, because failure to attain power means succumbing to the terms of the external world and the renunciation of the inner vision, which in itself is unacceptable because the INJ equates this with a negation of existence itself. For this reason, INJs are often uncomfortable with the world itself, as external environment, by definition is cruel and imposing. Very often INJ philosophers asserted that we are at the very essence of our being, are driven by fear. As by Nietzsche’s theory, fear is indeed the main drive in human nature. This fear, doubtlessly, represents the INJ’s fear of the External environment, especially of the external, concrete world which is represented by their shadow side of Extroverted sensing.

    Introverted perception, by the nature of itself is intensely focused on the future. This is the case because its primary focus is the perception of the individual, or what the individual needs from the environment inhering within his perceptions. The INTJ for this reason, as an abstract introverted perceiver, is most concerned with the abstract problems of the future. This makes them avid students of human nature, as through their abstract perceptions they are able to discern ideas that come to great difficulty to those of us who rely primarily on systematic thought. Especially the case for the INFJ as his attunement with the human element reinforces the pre-existing interest in human nature. Incidentally, the fear complex and the greatest problem of all, our demise appears to be of much interest to many INJs. As Ernest Becker has argued the thesis that death is indeed the greatest anxiety of man which is not over the horizon for any of us. This is less of a claim about Becker’s work, but more about his INJ prejudices. As becomes obvious to any sober thinker, most of us do not see far-ahead enough to envisage such a problem, or even less be preoccupied with it. Yet, INJs very much do for the aforementioned reasons.

    II. Interrelations of Introverted Intuition and Extroverted Thinking (Ni-Fe axis)

    Introverted Intuition alone manifests to the psyche in the form of amorphous hunches. Such a vision by itself is a phantasmagoria. Without order or due sequence or a sense of self-consciousness, but it is simply no more than amorphous, hunches that not even the INJ himself knows what are about. Application of Extroverted Feeling, the rational or conscious function to such visions leads to the objectification of the Intuition. This however is a much lesser step towards such an accomplishment than application of Extroverted Thinking to the visions. In this respect, the INFJ is left with much more work to do than the INTJ. That is the case because Extroverted Feeling only gives meaning to the stored hunches to the extent that they relate to their personal world and the world of people. However, in regards to dealing with most of the world, this faculty remains inadequate as impersonal judgment will be necessary for that. In order to achieve this, the INFJ shall go to the next best thing, the tertiary Introverted Thinking faculty. This is where the vision becomes a notion that the INFJ becomes clearly aware of. Without the support of Introverted Thinking, the INFJ will have a very strong hunch and a feeling in favor of their perceptions, but will not be able to certify that their ideas are sound as they’d lack the objective means to prove that. Once Introverted Thinking has been properly applied, the vision of the INFJ will not be an unintelligible flow of perceptions, but is an entity shaped in coherent and intelligible units of ideas. Introverted Thinking by and large is first and foremost used to support the vision of the Introverted Intuition and the Feeling oriented goals of the INFJ. The INFJ differs from the INTJ in the primary regard that establishment of objectivity of views is seen as more of means to the end of establishing sound values and less as an end in itself. Whereas for the INTJ the auxiliary faculty may hold autonomy in its own right, as it suffices to accurately depict the external world, for the INFJ, the Fe and Ti must be used interchangeably. Extroverted Feeling, most of all ties the INFJ to the convention or the external protocol of thought and action. Since the INFJ is primarily concerned with their inner vision, yet rely on Extroverted Feeling to make conscious assessments of their ideas, they tend to be most concerned with emending the external code of behavior. Their approach to Extroverted Feeling is not at all like that of SFJs who strive to preserve status quo. INFJs tend to have a highly innovative approach to ethic and on this account are not afraid to question the current set of mores and societal ethics. By contrast they take for it to be their primary task to influence the ethical convention to become as humane as possible. The INFJ much differs from the ENFJ in the regard that the former is much more individualistic than the latter. The ENFJ sees himself as part of the external ethical convention, yet the INFJ sees the ethical convention as means to the end of concocting the best vision possible. On this account, the INFJ strives to meet the external standard of ethic to the end of furthering his vision and will not feel gratified after having met the standard alone. Behaving as dominant Fe types would, or seeing the external standard of ethic as an end in itself goes against the grain of the INFJ, in this regard the INFJ holds more in common with the INFP.

    The central goal of Introverted Intuition is to concoct one’s personal vision out of which the inner life of the subject shall spring and guide the external behavior of the individual representing the type. As before we have noticed, the central focus is on the individual, yet the Extroverted Judgment aspect of the INFJ’s psyche is primarily focused on society and externalization of the vision. This appears to be an inconsistency. To resolve this, we should maintain that the INFJ seeks to pass down the vision to the individual, and the vision itself is about how one should deal with the external realm. Yet, despite the external focus, the external behavior for the INFJ, stems from the inner motives and hunches. Even though the External standard may be the only way for the INFJ to properly assess his actions, the decisions made by virtue of the external standard will not be acceptable to the INFJ unless they align with the voice of Introverted Intuition and hunches.
    Clearly, the INFJ sees the satisfaction of the external standard as only means to the end and not an end in itself as it is for the typical Judging types. The true end for the INTJ is emendation of the vision to the point of a satisfactory hunch. Paradoxically, such an end is not possible. This, however, is indeed possible for the Extroverted perceivers who oriented around practical goals in the external world, as the famous ENTP Walt Disney once uttered—if you can imagine it you can do it, as indeed most of the visions of the ENTP do come true. Yet the INFJ would likely attribute such a possibility to the poverty of the imagination of the ENTP, as their visions are much more complex and more original than those of the Extroverted perceivers. As a faculty of introversion, Introverted Intuition needs much less external stimuli and the visions it conjures are much less relevant to the external world than those produced by the ENPs. Because of the extremely abstract nature of the Introverted Intuition, properly assessing such a vision as it is possible for the ENPs is out of the question for INJs. This leads to further internal conflict for the INFJ as their Judgment oriented mindset vehemently insists on meeting concrete external agenda which is ostensible to all—one that has a beginning and an end. This is manifestly impossible for the INFJ because the vision in itself takes on the other world, continuously flowing aura. It certainly does not appear to have a beginning nor an end and a sober thinker must deem the mere idea of pigeonholing such a grandiose vision into simplistic conventional moulds that the Extroverted Judgment insists on employing inadequate. Accomplishing this for the INFJ is even more difficult than for the INTJ as the INFJ is not exactly sure what the external standard must be like due to the lack of objectivity of their auxiliary faculty.

    Incidentally, Introverted Intuition reaches for the heavens that not a word of ours could describe, yet Extroverted Judgment of the INJ refuses to recognize any notion that cannot be properly depicted in conventional terms as substantial. Thus, the Feeling of the INFJ promptly declines the vision, and to make matters worse, the negative Ti sends them down the loop of self-denigration and dismissal of their lofty visions. This is the nature of the INFJs, negative, self-critical Introverted Thinking faculty. Because this function is aimed inwards, it is particularly focused on dissecting the visions propounded by the Introverted Intuition. When not properly handled the Introverted Thinking could appear to be nearly an anathema to the primary faculty of the INFJ, the Introverted Intuition.

    The Extroverted Judgment would insist on repudiation of such ideas, yet the Introverted Intuition is far from complying and as a rule demonstrates its preponderous superiority over its Externally judicious proponent. Even though Extroverted Feeling of the INFJ would have long asserted the vision should be dismissed because it is not relevant to a clear-cut external agenda, the vision continues to be the primary driving force of the INJ, and rarely hesitates to do different or the opposite from what the Extroverted Judgment prescribes. The INTJ may maintain a cool and unperturbed demeanor despite the inner chaos, yet all the INFJ has for consolations is their orderly and systematic approach to the external world offered by their Extroverted Judgment. However, this does not provide the INFJ with the consolation of objective and rational thought that the INTJ relies on heavily. This only exacerbates many problems the INFJ is forced to deal with as a result of their chaotic inner vision. Clearly, the INFJ is in need of a savior, there needs to be a higher purpose, yet even this is not accessible to this type because of the negative and self-critical nature of Introverted Thinking. The vision of the INFJ insists on depth and authenticity, yet the standard of Extroverted Judgment is inadequate for this as it is much too rigid and superficial. Introverted Judgment is necessary in order for the INFJ to find the inner peace and stability introverted Intuition longs for. Moreover, since Extroverted Feeling could also go corrupt very easily if the INFJ is to be unbalanced, in such a case this type will be almost wholly without judgment and rely on extremely abstract, amorphous hunches that are nearly impossible for one to make sense of. Introverted Perception is primarily concerned with how the environment relates to the self as before mentioned, yet unlike Extroverted perception confronts immense difficulty in interacting with the world. Extroverted Feeling does well to interact with the personal and interpersonal in the world, yet unlike Extroverted Thinking comes up less than adequate when dealing with impersonal matters. When the INFJ is out of tune with the auxiliary faculty, he may be stuck deeply within his head with no sound way of engaging the external world. Moreover, the nature of Introverted Intuition tends to have a hostile approach to the external world, in a fashion much similar to how Introverted attitudes tend to see the external world in a negative light. Incidentally, the INFJ applies such an attitude to external perception, this often leads to conspiracy theories as such an attitude prompts one to believe that the external environment antagonizes the subject. The fearful and negative attitude stemming from the under-developed Thinking also contributes to this stern outlook on life. Such a perspective was best embodied in Arthur Schopenhauer’s misanthropic worldview where the Will to live is deemed to be the root of all evil. What other problems befall our protagonist here? Cultivation of Extroverted Feeling is necessary for the INFJ to be balanced and sound. However, in order to engage Extroverted Feeling the INFJ must engage the external world. This is anathema to such a type as interacting with the external environment tends to be difficult and painful due to lack of attunement with the inferior Extroverted Perception. Because the INFJ is unable to interact with the external environment, he is not able to properly access Extroverted Feeling and receive the much needed emotional support and ingredients for balance. The more cut off the INFJ becomes from the External world and Extroverted Feeling, the more he looses touch with conscious judgment and is swept away by the amorphous perceptions that overwhelm him. He lives in reality of his own, almost wholly bereft of that outside of him. The anthropomorphic and mythological tendencies here are reinforced by the malfunctioning Extroverted Feeling which now merely caters to the whims of the INFJ’S Introverted Intuition.

    “His language is not the one currently spoken---it has become too subjective. His arguments lack the convincing power of reason. He can only profess of proclaim His is “the voice of one crying in the wilderness.”

    What ought to be done about this dilemma? Clearly, emendation of Extroversion and most notably Extroverted Judgment is necessary. We know that in order for the INFJ to properly reach Introverted Thinking, Extroverted Feeling must be accessed.

    In order to find contentment with his inner life, the INFJ must learn to let go off the External world and the External benchmarks that he is tied down to. Yet this he cannot do because in order to do any kind of conscious Thinking, he must rely on the Extroverted Judgment which insists on doing just the opposite of this. Or adapting the external standard as the primary method of self-assessment. In order for the INFJ to master Introverted Judgment or learn to be devoid of external standard, paradoxically, he must first master Extroverted Judgment.

    The Introverted nature of perception of the INFJ insists on the fundamentality of the environment to the inner being of the INFJ. Hence, the INFJ is unlikely to be able to imagine his inner life without any relation to the external environment. There must be an environment for the INFJ to envision and very often it is one of make belief, where the INFJ has conjured a world of its own. Such an egocentric attitude is often implicit in the mindsets of unhealthy and unbalanced INFJs—this, without a doubt, in combination with Extroverted Judgment that is notorious for such behavior—compels them to control the external world by all means necessary. Yet, unlike their ENFJ cousins, the INFJs often lack the external resources to be successful at such an endeavor and resign themselves to the mercy of their blind and restless internal vision. In this position they likely have convinced themselves that the world is as chaotic as their inner life because of their inability to control it. Moreover, the projective nature of Extroverted Feeling easily leads the INFJ to succumb to such tendencies of thought. Yet, they must learn that in order to overcome their problem of dissatisfaction with their inner life, they must stop seeking for external accomplishments that shall satisfy them, but instead aim for the inner, perennial pursuits that could go side by side with their vision that requires no beginning and no end. If the INFJ does not accomplish this, the only consolation he will have is simply being understood and approved of by others. Yet he cannot be fulfilled in this regard as the vision is much too lofty to befit the Fe standards imposed upon him. There needs to be an unended quest to remedy this dilemma!

    This noble truth was fully realized in Camus’ Myth of Sisyphus where the protagonist, much antagonistically to the INFJ over-achieving spirit, finds satisfaction not in rolling the boulder up the hill and ensuring that it stays there, but in the activity itself of rolling the boulder up and down the hill. Hence, he has found meaning in life because he has elected a perennial task, one that could truly satisfy the agenda of the vision of his inner intuition. This process once again is rendered difficult to achieve due to the concrete and externally focused of their primary conscious function—the Extroverted Feeling. The INFJ for this reason, despite his radically individualistic mindset, unlike the INP does not subscribe to the attitude of concocting his worldview strictly for himself with no wish to impose it on any other individual. Instead, he deems for his radically subjective and individualistic vision to be one that others should embrace, and often deems for the vision to be a failure because it has not succeeded by the external standards. Despite how much the hunches of the Introverted Intuition may remonstrate, this is indeed the case with the Extroverted Feeling. Unlike the Extroverted Thinking and the INTJ, the INFJ will be disinclined to impose the vision by brute force, yet very much will wish for others to embrace their ideas. The INFJ will try to coax others into embracing their vision instead. The INFJ would render himself a service by reminding himself that the acquisition of success by external standards is never an end in itself but means to the end. Essentially, this is only part and parcel of coming to terms with the vision of the Introverted Intuition which insists on concrete, external manifestations. However, in the beginning of his quest, the INFJ will be forced to pursue success by external standards in order to make his introverted judgment accessible. But after he has accomplished this, he will be on his way to attunement with his inner interests and will see them as an end in themselves. At that point he will have a coherent sense of self which is founded not upon mystical and amorphous hunches, but on a clearly outlined perspective. How this shall happen and what the INFJ must accomplish in order to make this happen shall be the subject matter for our next discussion in the next section.

    III. Ni-Ti axis

    Introverted Thinking provides the solid core for the INFJ upon which they could rely on to make sound and objective assessments of themselves which the Ni-Fe faculties tend to lack.
    Introverted Thinking is the only true path to bringing about order to the inner life of the INFJ, and is the primary source of confidence for this type. This will allow the INFJ to freely pursue his vision whilst relying less on the approval of the public. The tough-minded nature of Introverted Thinking will support the vision of the INFJ without a doubt. Developing this function will also help the INFJ overcome the negative and self-sabboutaging tendencies we typically observe in types with a malfunctioning Thinking. At this point, when the visions of the INFJ are rejected, instead of taking it personally and stabbing the challenger with the most vitriolic of personal attacks (nature of negative feeling) and whatever critical and negative thoughts there may be, the INFJ will be able to calmly reason throughout the problem, and find the necessary solutions and ways of dealing with the external world to promote the agenda of Introverted Intuition and Feeling. At this point the INFJ will truly become content with merely having a sound vision, he will know whether his vision is sound or not through the impersonal critical analysis of Ti. If it is unsound, will simply take that as an indication that improvement is necessary and will attempt to do this with no significant damage to self-image and self-esteem, and if it is sound, whilst others may be displeased, he will not go far out of his way to appease them. At this point the INFJ will not be guided by merely the non-rational impulses and hunches and will have more than a mere voice in the sky to justify his teaching.

    IV. Extroverted Sensation

    Extroverted Sensation is the weakest aspect of the INFJ’s psyche and represents most of his fears. As mentioned in the first section, the fear of being invaded and having one’s inner vision crushed by the external material world. INFJs, as introverted perceivers, take their external environment very seriously, and the playful attitude of Extroverted perception is anathema to them. Extroverted Sensation, for aforementioned reasons is the most negative of all functions for the INTJ. For this reason, externally oriented memories remembered are often of despondent mood, and due to the apparent instability of this function within the INTJ psyche, impulses and memories are distorted to better befit hunches. INTJs tend not to be adapt at memorizing facts or applying them to their concrete environment, as well as tend to struggle with SP-oriented tasks that require hands on interaction with the external world. The bright side of this, however, is that INFJs are unlikely to fall victim to overindulgence in sensual pleasures as this tends not to be a significant part of their lifestyles. Mostly they abhor the sensualist approach to life and without much hesitation favor the intellectual/imaginative path over that of the sensuality, and mostly fall victim to overindulgence in sensual pleasures in extreme cases of neurosis where Extroverted Sensation spirals outside of their conscious control and begins flooding them with strange impulses they neither wish to face or understand. This may manifest in strange fleeting attachments to material things and vanity. Such INFJs tend to be haunted by the idea of becoming physically attractive, whilst having their vision put a very low premium on the superficial and the physical. This notion hangs over their head without them properly understanding what it is or where it comes from until they have come to terms with the shadow aspect of their psyche.



    “What is a poet? An unhappy man who hides deep anguish in his heart, but whose lips are so formed that when the sigh and cry pass through them, it sounds like lovely music. …Of course, a critic resembles a poet to a hair, except he has no anguish in his heart, no music on his lips.So I tell you, I would rather be a swineherd at Amagebro and be understood by the swine than a poet and misunderstood by people.” - Soren Kierkegaard

    This essay has been initially inspired by Paul James’ INTP profile. I deem for the INFP to the type that is most like the INTP. The salient common factor is introverted judgment. As Jung himself mentioned in the Psychological Types that everything we have noted in regards to the Introverted Thinking type will be true for the Introverted Feeling type after we have replaced the Thinking for Feeling. Introverted Judgment is the mechanism that is instilled in both of them, and Thinking/Feeling is the fuel they operate on.

    Before we begin, I should however claim that my task is very different from that of Paul James. He wished to depict the way people with the INTP unconscious tendencies, or temperament tend to behave. I consider for such experiments in thought to be dangerous because they tend to lead to a confusion between temperament and personality, as we know that the deleterious consequence of this is pigeonholing. Our temperament is no more than our unconscious tendencies. It manifests primarily in the mind, our concrete actions are an entailment of this. Because temperament manifests primarily in the mind, Jung studied philosophy. As there he could examine the way the minds of a variety of thinkers worked. At first, certainly, he observed these tendencies through concrete actions, but then when he discovered where the actions derived from. He took his inquiry a step further and proceeded to explore the root. In this profile I will merely attempt to depict how the mind of the INFP tends to work. How this will manifest in your personal life is for you to figure out, as that will be contingent upon your personal choices. Thus, in order to avoid the problem of pigeonholing, I will only write about what you do not have control over and shall pass what you do have control over in silence.

    When we talk about an INFP, we merely talk about unconscious tendencies or temperament. When we talk about an INFP person, or what INFPs tend to be like or what they tend to, a Keirseyan exegesis, we are referring to a type. Tendencies of type tend not to be fundamental to our nature or our unconscious mind, as temperaments do indeed tend to manifest themselves in a myriad of fashions. Type tends to be profoundly influenced by external circumstances. As for instance, an INFP in Greenland would be radically different from an INFP in India, despite them both having the same temperament.

    • Introversion - The attitude of assessing the external world based on the internal standards. Takes the inner world for granted and not the outer.
    • Extroversion - The attitude of assessing the inner life by virtue of the external standard.
    • Perceiving - The function of collection of information.
    • Judgment - The faculty of decision making.
    • Intuition - A faculty of abstract collection of information.
    • Sensation - A faculty of Concrete collection of information.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.
    • Introverted Feeling - A decision making faculty that defines the self from within, based on an internal criteria and defines the rest of the world in relation to the elected criteria.
    • Extroverted Intuition - An information collecting faculty that assesses information for quality based on external agenda. Generally based on how well ideas depict external phenomena.
    • Introverted Sensing - An information collecting faculty that assess concrete information for quality based on an internal agenda. Memories and concrete facts are seen as an end in themselves and do not need to depict the external world in order to be considered satisfactory.
    • Extroverted Thinking - An externally focused impersonal decision making faculty that relies on an external standard for legitimation.

    Primary Axis: Introverted Thinking - Extraverted Intuition

    The INFP is governed primarily by Introverted Feeling. This is a rational function and therefore strives to create internal order. Extroverted Intuition tends to be used in service of this faculty. Experiences are to be assessed based on the personal values elected by the INFP. Unlike the dominant Introverted Thinking temperament—the INTP who seeks to derive an understanding of external experiences, the INFP seeks to derive a sense of personal meaning. An INTP asks what is the most accurate model to depict the observed phenomenon, yet the INFP would ask—what personal lesson could be derived from this particular experience? And how this is conducive to an establishment of sound personal values. In short, whilst the INTP tends to ask—what is true, the INFP asks what is humane? As Soren Kierkegaard, famously wrote "There is something missing in my life, and it has to do with my need to understand what I must do, what I must know-except, of course, that a certain amount of knowledge is presupposed in every action. I need to understand my purpose in life, to see what God wants me to do, and this means that I must find a truth which is true for me, that I must find that Idea for which I can live and die. For what would it profit me if I found the so-called ‘objective truth’, if I worked through all the systems of philosophy and were able to analyze them and expose their inconsistencies; what would it profit me to develop a political theory and combine all the intricate details of politics into a complete whole, and so construct a world for the exhibition of others but in which I did not live; what would it profit me if I develop the correct interpretation of Christianity in which I resolved all the internal problems, if it had no deeper significance for me and for my life; what would it profit me if truth stood before me cold and naked; indifferent to whether I recognized her or not, creating in me paroxysms of anxiety rather than confident devotion?’’.

    This suffices to depict the discrepancy between the INTP’s search for truth and the INFP’s search for authenticity. However, we should take note that despite the striking contrast in attitudes of these two types, the similarities seem to be more prominent as they both find it paramount to discover a higher purpose and devote their lives to this archetypal notion. Much like for the INTP, the experience tends to take a ‘back-seat’ role for the INFP, as they too tend to be highly theoretical. Paul James writes in regards to the INTP “what is not yet understood is a very powerful force in the life of an INTP.” As powerful of a driving force for the INFP would be the need to come to benign terms with their external environment. Introverted Feeling can be characterized by the will and need to love to the same extent as Introverted Thinking by the need to understand all. Therefore the INFP seeks to find harmony with all things in an analogous fashion to the INTP attempting to find an objective understanding of all things. The INFP seeks a subjective understanding of all things, or personal sympathy, in a fashion much akin to the INTP seeking an objective understanding of all things. John Milton’s search for paradise is a glaring example of the INFP’s longing for harmony, as well as Virgil’s beuatification of Rome. John Milton was an avid reader of Virgil’s work and greatly admired his style of poetry. He too, deeply sympathized with the need to romanticize due to the irrepressible drive for harmony that permeated his being. And he once asked himself, Virgil glorified Rome, but why glorify a nation when you can glorify God? Isn’t God the most deserving entity of adulation there could be? The Romans can certainly disappoint you, though God, given that he truly is as magnanimous as he is in the scripture must love you back. This, somewhat portentous essence of character is perhaps the most prominent in the INFP psyche. This shows that unlike an Extroverted Feeler whose primary goal in life tends to be ‘to love’, the INFP finds it more important ‘to be loved’. An Extroverted Feeler would wish to make an emotional attachment under all circumstances, whilst the Introverted Feeler would experience intense reservations unless they thought that what they have inputted would truly be appreciated.

    This seems to evince that the function of Introverted Feeling gives one a more direct access to the essence of pure feeling than extroverted. For this reason the INFP tends to be more aware of whether or not their input has been appreciated on the level it deserved to be. Their longing for harmony first and foremost leads them to make intense emotional attachments to ideas that they are compelled by from a person-centered perspective. And since they are unable to remove themselves from the situations that their minds place them in, they very much envision themselves as having the basic emotional human needs. Due to their inability to detach, they always envision themselves as protagonists in their reveries. Fi gives them a direct view of their personality, from a person-centered perspective. Whatever they do, they always engage in vicariously. Introverted Feeling, much like Introverted Thinking possesses the ability to focus intensely. The INFP, unlike the INTP focuses intensely on the human element. Hence, the INFP will devote their whole might to whatever catches their sympathies. For this reason, one can get the impression that they feel through whatever is important to them with all of their being. As aforementioned, Introverted Feeling is a direct representation of their personality in action. Thus, due to the intense focus and an intensely personal approach to life the INFPs, much like INTPs often get lost in their thoughts. The salient difference between an INTP and an INFP is that the latter takes a person-centered approach, and may feel charged from contemplation, as an introvert, though likely will be emotionally drained afterwards, had the experience had a negative emotional tone. An INTP, on the other hand is always sheltered from this due to detachment. In this respect, INFPs are absent-minded professors to nearly the same extent as the INTPs. Though their intense ability to focus comes in at a time when their feeling-sensibilities, as opposed to analytical faculties are engaged. As we have defined earlier, introversion is an attitude that defines the external world in relation to itself. Therefore, the INFP defines the external world in relation to its feeling-based assessments. For an Extroverted Feeler, Feelings likely would be means to the end of an external endeavor. Yet, for an INFP, feelings are always an end in itself. They do not require any external signal for legitimation, as they can be legitimated by virtue of themselves. For this reason, an INFP is least likely of all types to downplay their feelings. There dwells an immensely powerful unconscious drive within them which insists on their feelings being treated as valid, not only their feelings, but the notion of the human sentiment in general. Hence, the essence of pure feeling for the INFP is analogous to pure logic for the INTP. For this reason, the INFP will likely be very stubborn to comply with a stipulation, much like the INTP, before having had a chance to think it through for themselves. Unlike the INTP from whom we are likely to receive stubborn resistance, the INFP will silently reject the stipulation tainting their attitude towards the person, yet will conceal their rejection until their values are violated to a great extent. In such a scenarion, they likely would have no choice but to treat the person in an effusive fashion. Both INTPs and INFPs tend to be conflict-avoidant. Both are due to their need to conserve energy, as being intensely internally focused they tend to have little external energy, as well as they have an intense need to protect the integrity of their inner world. The INFP, however, will be even more conflict-avoidant because of their intense need for harmony with all things, that is the driving force behind nearly all of their thought and action. Thus conflict resolution can be highly problematic for INFPs, the less developed the Te, the more likely this problem is to abound. Earlier, we have mentioned that the primary drive of an Extroverted Feeler is to direct passions to the outside, and by these merits their whole being will be fulfilled. The Introverted Feeler, however, does not need to direct passions to the outside in order to be fulfilled, because he/she can accomplish this internally. The Extroverted Feeler, is the go-getter, one who likely will do all that is necessary in order to achieve the goal of being loved, ostensibly by attempting to 'love others'. Yet the INFP needs to be engaged first. This is much akin to how INTPs tend to be excellent self-starters when engaged by a task, though non-starters when not-engaged. This is a property of Extroverted Intuition for both types, as we can only be informed of the task through our perceiving function. Since the perceiving function for INPs is extroverted, it must derive from the outside. They may remain stagnant for long periods of time due to their internsely internally focused nature, much unlike ENPs who would pursue the external tasks in a highly energetic fashion. For this reason, the INFP, as beforementioned is highly likely to retreat to the inner world for intense emotional experiences. Introverted Feeling, as a dominant function, always needs to be making decisions, as we see that it is an end in itself and therefore internally fueled. Hence, so long as the inner being is in operational mode for the INFP, Introverted Feeling will be in session. This is much analogous to the INTP's need to be consistently challenged. Thus, the INFP consistently needs to be in a state of harmony. For this reason, as for many mentioned above, the INFP is more likely to withdraw into the inner world of reveries than other types. Harmony is a must accomplish objective, and if it cannot be found in the outer world, the INFP will doubtlessly turn to where it could be found. Very often, when the external world does not comport to the vision of an INFP, the INFP is forced to seek a place where their vision could be thought of as a reality. This stresses their very strong introverted nature, or primacy of the inner world over the outer. Much like Hegel, an INTP philosopher once said, 'If the facts do not comport to my system, so much worse for the facts'. Much like the INFP will disregard not only concrete facts or empirical observations of the outer world, but also ideas that do not comport to their intricate feeling-based system of values.

    INFPs seek out intense emotional experiences, that is due to the sheer depth and intensity of Introverted Feeling. Depth of emotional experience for an INFP is analogous to depth of dispassionate thought for the INTP. For this reason, the INFP poets like Virgil, Shakespeare and Kierkegaard were the ones who shed most light on the profundity of 'human spirit'. No more effervescent intensity and profundity of passion could be found in a few other works, likely those of other dominant Introverted Feeling types.

    Therefore they not only wish to affirm others, but tend to find the reciprocation of this to be necessary. For this reason, Milton was not satisfied with just glorifying a nation, as something akin to the nation (this does not need to be interpreted literally, we can think of a nation as a metaphor for an entity of this world, as opposed to the ‘world to come’.) could potentially have taken his feelings lightly, yet an omni-benevolent being would not. Though perhaps the salient reason why the Introverted Feeler differs from an Extrovert in this regard is that the Introverted judging function tends to set abstract goals, those that cannot be assessed in terms of concrete benchmarks that Judgers tend to employ. Thus, such an unconscious tendency within the INFP psyche suffices to explain John Milton's fascination with grand universal themes, such as the origin of Evil. The INFP, much like the INTP shall seek out the grand principles which could be established as paradigmatic for the ebb and flow of the entire universe. The Rationalist philosophers thought that if they found the axioms on which the design of the universe hinged on, the formula outlining the way the entire world works shall follow as a logical entailment. An INFP parallel to this would be that if we were to find the true essence of human nature and learn to love it, we would come to harmony with the entire world. Hence, John Milton identified this axiom as the origin of evil. Satan as the pereptrator of evil, and romanticized him. He even learned to love his Satan. Thus, based on this one can say if we learned to love even Satan, nothing should stop us from coming to full harmony with all things that are. Much like the younger brother Kamaramazov, who was doubtlessly an INFP was known to love the person almost to the extent that he was wicked. Or the more wicked a person was, the more he loved him. Hence, the more difficult an object is to harmonize for an INFP, the more resolute they will be on coming to harmony with the subject. Much like the more difficult an idea is to understand for an INTP, the more resolute he will be on putting a grasp over the idea. Thus, the INFP's drive to harmonize what we are out of harmony with parallels the INTP's drive to understand what has not yet been understood.

    The INFP must first understand that their mindset is comprehended and accepted by others before they could move themselves out to the open. This, as aforementioned tends to lead to major reservations. For that reason also, they tend to cling to their idealistic visions of ‘kindness and understanding’, that is, simply because they are unable to find a place that is fitting for their high ideals. An INTP can claim to having undergone similar experiences whereas their thoughts are not comprehended because their decision-making faculty is too abstract to be of use to practically minded individuals. As Leanor Thomson once pointed out, that even INTPs with highly developed communication skills struggle to express their thoughts in a way that Extroverted Thinkers could understand, because their ideas tend to have little meaning to them because no clear-cut application to the real world is observable. The INTP however, can explain the essence of their ideas to the Judgers on the theoretical level, as they tend to be objective communicators. Judgers will not be at ease dealing with such ways of thinking, but their affinity with logic will lead them to find common ground with the INTP. However, for the INFP, the dilemma is more difficult. Being more subjectively inclined, INFPs are unable to explain their ideas to Extroverted Feelers from whom they may often look for sympathy. The more the INFP is misunderstood, the more reservations they shall experience. Emotional comfort will derive almost entirely from within. This means that they are not directly influenced by the emotions of others much like Extroverted Feelers, but at first retreat and then process it through in their solitary meditations. For this reason, INFPs can be mistaken for being cold, on the notion that they dont feel at all, as they do not demonstrate emotion on the spot as EFJs tend to. Yet, no notion could have been any more foolhardy, INFPs process their passions more intensely and more profoundly than all other types due to their dominant Introverted Feeling nature. Unlike the Extroverted Feeler who may need ritual-like consistent reassurance of being appreciated, the INFP merely needs to know that they are appreciated. Much like the Extroverted Thinker needs to be solving problems consistently in order to feel competent, the Introverted Thinker only needs to know that he can solve a problem if necessary. Since Introverted Feeling requires more authenticity than Extroverted, due to the factor of introversion which demands more depth, the INFP, despite the lack of a need for constant reassurance will require to be appreciated more in order to be in their own element. The INFP is most influenced of all types by their emotional environment due to the fact that their feeling preferrence is stronger than that of other types. It should be noted, however, that extroversion almost by property of itself implies a more scattered attunement with many entities at the same time, whilst introversion implies an intense attunement with a few entities. Based on this, one could speculate that the INFP is only intensely attuned with the few things that are held in high esteem by their values, and has little regard for things that are not honored by their value system. This may be true, however, almost irrespectively of the situation they are facing, an INFP will find a few entities in their environment to be intensely emotionally attuned with. For this reason, the INFP will be more influenced by their external environment more than the Extroverted Feeling type.

    Moreover, we should notice that the INFP as an introverted judger, does not rely on external symbols for communication. This quality stands in sharp contrast with the Extroverted Judger. An example of this distinction is as follows. If we show EJ a table, and say that we ought to call this a table, they will become attached to such a symbol and will not wish to call the object as anything other than a table. An IP, an INFP in this case, crafts symbols internally. Therefore they could express almost any notion because they can craft any kind of a symbol that their mind shall conjure. The idea of boundless expression is clearly more germane to the INFP than any other type. The ideas may not be easily understood by others, however, this would change as soon as the readers understood the INFP's symbols. A parallel to this with the INTP would be the work of Hegel and Heidegger who invented words of their own to convey their ideas. Their justification was that the conventional symbols do not allow for them to depict their ideas faithfully to what they have in mind, thus they need to invent symbols of their own. This is a hallmark of a highly individualistic mind. As well as an entailment of the following: with Jung we have learned that introverts are closer in tune with their unconscious. That is because the unconscious mind is the true essence of mind, the conscious is merely an external manifestation of the unconscious. Therefore the deeper the person is in his thought, the closer he is to the unconscious. And the more his external perceptions are influenced by his unconscious mind. The perceptions are often altered to fit the flavor of the person's inner being. Thus, INPs, for this reason often have difficulty collecting information in a truly objective fashion. However, the bright side of this notion is that the INPs are least influenced by the external environment, thus they are most closely in tune with their inner being. The search for higher purpose is without a doubt at the primacy of the agenda of an INP. Thus, because of such a radically individualistic approach to life, the INPs tend to see everything as means to the end of being as close in tune with their inner being. That is their purpose which underlies all of their external agendas. We also could infer from Jungian inquiry that the Extroverted Mentality tends to accept the world for what it is, but the Introverted tends to accept the mind for what it is. The Introverted mentality, accordingly will seek the essence that underlies the external world. For this reason, IN philosophers have been fascinated by ontological idealism--or the notion that the utlimate reality is not in matter, but in the mind.

    This is no doubt a property of introversion. INPs, being the most internally focused, gravitate towards ontological idealism more than other types. Whilst INTP philosophers like Hegel and Spinoza equated logic with metaphysics, believing that every occurence obeys the pre-existing law of logic, INFPs would equate feeling with ultimate reality or metaphysics. INFPs tend to see the world as an environment where not a single action is devoid of personal meaning. For every occurence, in the world of an INFP, there is a personal reason. Thus, contrary to Albert Einstein saying that God does not play dice, as every event is bound by the laws of logic. For the INFP no event is bound by any law, but only by one's personal motives. Here we should allude to the Hegel/Kierkegaard discrepancy, as Kierkegaard argues that Hegel's equation of logic with ultimate reality makes it impossible for one to be a human being.

    Unlike the INTP who seeks to understand principles of the real world, the INFP will be more than happy removing their grasp from the external world. Possibly even be content with finding harmony in the world they have created. So long, as of course they have found harmony of some kind. Such a retreat will advance the INFP further towards the position John Milton was in, where they would be longing for the perfect world that has no place in the external reality. Much like Jung noted about the Introverted Thinking type, that the more he retreats into his inner world, the more he rejects ideas that are oriented around empirical evidence. Therefore his thoughts become mythological because they have little grounding in the external world and because of this they will be unintelligible to others. The INTP’s logic may be impeccable, but the problems he solved flawlessly were mythological problems and therefore his solutions can not be accepted as solutions to the problems of the real world. Analogously, the INFP may have retained a high degree of integrity in the inner world, but may have made serious blunders in the external world due to a lack of awareness of the external situation. A poignant example of this would be an INFP who highly values sensitivity, as most tend to, misunderstanding the situation she/he is dealing with and attempting to be as sensitive as possible in accordance to the situation that they are dealing with. Yet, when they come out to deal with the external world, the other person may perceive them as insensitive, despite their earnest effort and sincerity. That is because the person that they tended to was not dealing with the situation that the INFP has envisaged. This is a consequence of an Introverted Judgment eclipsing the INFP’s Extroverted Intuition. Intuition is a perceiving faculty. A function that we collect information with. If this faculty is lacking, we will not be able to solve problems that befall us properly because we will not be aware of what the problems are. We should also note that the Extroverted Intuition of the INFP is often aimed inwards due to the primacy of an Introverted Function-Introverted Feeling. Fi-Introverted Feeling, bends the Extroverted Intuition inwards and therefore creates the effect germane to Introverted Intuition. This leads the INFP, unlike most perceiving types to merely collect information that is fitting with the goals set by Introverted Feeling, instead of collecting all information as their extroverted cousin ENFP would be more likely to. This also leads the INFP to be able to derive profound meaning from complex ideas much like the INFJs do with their Introverted Intuition. This phenomenon is best depicted in Dostoevsky’s Intuitive psychological insights in outstandings novels like Brothers Karamazov , The Idiot, and Notes from Underground. In those writings, it was clear that Dostoevsky discovered those notions not from careful analysis, or even examinations of Feelings, but rather purely intuitively. As he made connections that he did swiftly and projected them onto a variety of other entities, and his ability to do this with hardly any hesitation seems to suggest that this was not a conscious process for him. The INFPs also have this gift, they in fact may be better than the INFJ in deriving profound meaning in complex ideas. INFJ, as a dominant Introverted Intuiting type, is likely the most Intuitive type.
    However, one does not need as much Intuitive power in order to derive profound insights. INFJs often have more intuitions than they can consciously process. INFPs, on the other hand, are often able to consciously process-or apply feeling-oriented judgments to nearly all of their Intuitions. Their raw intuitions in themselves may not link them to direct insights as they would with the INFJs, but this certainly happens after they have applied Introverted Judgment to the contemplated idea.

    Thus, despite the Intuitions lacking depth (Extroverted Intuition, and not Introverted, auxiliary and not primary), INFPs are able to derive more depth than the INFJs due to the profundity of their conscious assessment. (Introverted Feeling). Thus, whilst INFJs examine all of their Intuitions with a less than profound apparatus (Extroverted Feeling), INFPs examine only small portions of their Intuitions, but examine them thoroughly. So hence, we notice that Dostoevksy, an INFJ, had a variety of insights on a myriad of topics. Yet, as a critic of his work, one can argue that they were not as profound as the insights of Shakespeare and Kierkegaard, both of whom were INFPs. As Walter Kaufman once noted, it seems like moving from Kierkegaard to Dostoevsky is much like being blown out of a tiny room on a sailboat into a seemingly boundless ocean. This is a striking picture of the discrepancy between a Judging function and an Intuitive, and INPs who have made a conscious effort to cultivate their auxiliary Extroverted Intuition could likely attest to having experiences that they’d depict as such. It almost seems like Dostoevsky’s work was concocted to the strict end of ridiculing Kierkegaard’s. Such a remark of course seems to miss the notion that the works of Kierkegaard and Shakespeare emphasized the few explored topics in great depth. Whilst Dostoevsky’s work, asides from several profound insights, seemed to have lacked focus and profundity by comparison. As we notice that Kierkegaard was intensely focused on the phenomenon of becoming and living a Christian, yet Dostoevsky did not have one clear-cut theme to underlie all of his thought experiments, they seemed to be scattered through a myriad of subjects. It appeared to be the case that whilst Kierkegaard had a clearly defined internal focus, Dostoevsky was aimlessly exploring ideas, only hoping to be able to show that they at least tangentially relate to one another.

    Much like the INTPs, INFPs are drawn to complexities, as this factor tends to be common and prominent among Introverted-Intuitive types. INFPs tend to be highly proficient decision-makers in the realm of the human element. This does not merely address the province of interpersonal relationships, but also the field of arts and literature. Literature especially tends to be an area where INFPs tend to excel. In this respect it is analogous to science and philosophy for INTPs, as the most influential literary artists and poets were INFPs. Homer, Shakespeare, Virgil, and Kierkegaard are cases in point. The companionship of Extroverted Intuition with Introverted Feeling makes the INFP gravitate towards experiences that require improvisation. We know that Extroverted Perceiving functions tend to be adept at image manipulation. For this reason, NPs, especially ENPs tend to be the most competent persona builders. An example of this would be Soren Kierkegaard's active use of pseudonyms in expression of his ideas. Though unlike an ENP, he maintained a clear focus on the inner being of his characters and the purpose he pursued in his writings. It often seemed like the essence that underlied such characters was the same, though utilized differently for the sake of different purpose. Whilst an ENP may have tried to be a different person altogether, had they carried out a task germane to Kierkegaard's, yet Kierkegaard was able to see the distinction between persona and essence of the individual and used personas as means to the end of expressing the essence of one individual that he had in mind. INFPs, are able to understand the subjective thought processes (feelings) of others due to their Fi factor of empathy. Extroverted Intuition accommodates in this regard as it allows for them to see the situation clearly from the perspective of another person. As Bertrand Russell once made a remark that bears a semblance on how an INTP’s mind shall see the world in the best case scenario.

    ‘The free intellect will see as God might see, without here and now, without hopes and fears, without the trammels of customary beliefs and traditional prejudices, calmly, dispassionately, in the sole and exclusive desire of knowledge—knowledge as impersonal, as purely contemplative, as it is possible for man to attain.’

    One could say that since INFPs first need to harmonize before they could understand, their understanding is undermined. As their feelings would cloud their judgments. Yet, this is not true as understanding follows as an entailment of harmonizing. Much like Milton harmonized himself with Satan, therefore pacified his passions by coming to terms or harmony with them, and at that point nothing prevented him from gaining as accurate of an understanding into the characters of individuals his inquiry embarked on. Thus, what we have here is the Ti attaining a profound impersonal understanding of phenomena it embarks on and Ne provides the ‘tower view’. The Fi-Ne axis works in a similar way. If the INTP strives to concoct a mathematical equation that maps out the ebb and flow of the entire world, the INFP does the same to understand the true essence of human nature and all of our motivations. INFPs are often able to discern the smallest aspects of the human element and understand them thoroughly, as well as INTPs are often able to understand the smallest aspects of complex, impersonal theories. Accordingly, INFPs tend to construct a worldview based on their personal values through careful thought as analogously to how INTPs tend to construct their world-view based on dispassionate reasoning. Thus, the INTP may have a view of the impersonal laws of nature in a fashion much akin to how God may see them, the INFP would have the same relationship to the person-centered situations. Attaining a profound understanding of the inner motives of individuals and human nature by and large, as well as avoiding being ‘stuck in a rut’ and hence having the ability to have a view that is as extensive as it is profound. Though we should take note that because of the INTP’s objective approach to ideas, they wish to understand the world no matter what. However, an INFP must first attain harmony with the external environment in order to attempt to understand it. For this reason, the INFP often tends to focus more on the people and atmospheres that they are most closely in tune with.

    This is especially pertinent to the people they tend to deal with, as they invest most of their energy in those they have bonded close with and seek to attain as much understanding of them as possible. They tend to devote little energy to those that they have not reconciled to on as profound of a level. Needless to say that INFPs, due to their person-centered approach to life find it most important to come to a point of emotional reconciliation with others before they could go further. This is analogous to the INTP attaining as objective and impartial of an attitude as possible before further inquiry takes place. In regards to John Milton’s quest for paradise, it should be noted that it was more than a mere attempt to harmonize. It does well to symbolize the search for a higher purpose on behalf of the Introverted Judgers. Such a quest is pertinent in the mindset of an INFP. The search for paradise represents the highest possible person-centered (Feeling) objective one can attain, which shall keep the INFP centered. The notion ‘higher’ implies one that does not relate to goals of this world (Extroverted Judgment) but goals that are to be set internally and transcend this world through one’s inner consciousness. In Spinoza’s philosophy we find a rather portentous doctrine of Intellectual Love of God. God, for Spinoza, is equated with the infinite essence, so we need not assume anthropomorphic entailments to this term. What he means by the term of intellectual love of God is attunement with the highest possible and infinite essence through depth of thought, or the intellect. This shall transform us from within and the vision of this higher purpose will be a perennial guiding light. Similar mindset tends to befall INFPs as well. Unlike through the depth of Thought do they wish to attain authenticity, but rather through the depth of Feeling. Schopenhauer’s philosophy can vouch for the notion of salvation through depth of Feeling.

    He thought that through intense contemplation of art, our egocentric nature shall surrender to the power of compassion and we escape the perennial state of strife that we are embedded in because our minds will be mollified. Inner peace is central to the agenda of an Introverted Judging mindset, and follows as an entailment of acquisition of a higher purpose. We should note that the Introverted Judging mindset is highly individualistic and therefore entails propensities towards self-absorption. A discovery of a higher purpose is the only sound panacea for this problem. INFPs are more likely to succumb to the problem of self-absorption than INTPs because, the former, being detached tend to have their conscious self play a smaller role in their inner world. INFPs, on the other hand can hardly imagine having a flight of fantasy without including themselves in it. INPs have natural tendencies towards the pursuit of a higher purpose. However, they should ensure that they truly have found something greater than themselves, as otherwise they would be mistaken mere self-apotheosis for the higher purpose they seem to have envisaged. If a higher purpose has indeed been found, the INFP will likely devote all of their energy towards being in closer affinity with their vision and likely castigating themselves in dire pangs of conscience in the event of a slight failure.

    “So I muddied in the stream of friendship with the filth of lewdness and clouded its clear waters with hell’s black river of lust. And yet, despite such putrid depravity, I was in vain enough to harbor an ambition to succeed in the world. I also fell in love, which was a trap of my own making. My God, God of mercy, how good you were to me, for you mixed much bitterness in that cup of pleasure. My love was returned, and I became chained in the shackles of its consummation. Even in the midst of my joys I was embroiled in tribulation, lashed by the cruel rods of jealousy, suspicion, fear, anger and bitter argument ” St.Augustine

    As the last word on the interplay of Introverted Feeling and Extroverted Intuition, the following should be noted in regards to the latter.

    Extroverted Intuition is a perceiving function, as aforementioned. Jung seems to have inherited Hegel’s master-slave dialect. Whereas, we notice in our typology that when we have not developed our lesser functions, they merely act as serfs of our dominant functions. Accordingly, an INFP who has not developed the Extroverted Intuition will merely collect information and make Intuitive connections for the sake of satisfying the agenda set by Introverted Feeling. Unlike the INTP who tends to take an impersonal approach to the circumstances and therefore retain objectivity, stands a greater chance of avoiding one-sidedness than the INFP. The INTP could be persuaded through logically rigorous argument, yet the INFP can only be persuaded through the Feeling-oriented aspect. As mentioned before, this is more difficult than in the case of the INTP, as the former’s agenda tends to be easier to understand because it is objective. For this reason, the INTP may be able to avoid being one-sided by obtaining, a theoretical, objective understanding of the idea that has been presented to them. The INFP may be frozen in only their own perspective. This ossification in their prejudices also precludes them from furthering their quest for a higher purpose, as in that case their Intuition, on which they rely for exploration of ideas becomes unavailable. And moreover, their longing for affirmation of their value systems will preclude them from entertaining new ideas for the purposes of emendation of their current value system. In such cases of neurosis, the INFP will not be able to surrender their current value system, even if it be pernicious because their intense sensitivity will compel them to equate rejection of their values with a denigration of their character. Moreover, they likely will be unreceptive to whatever information contraposes with their Feelings, and therefore exhibit unusual truculence towards all notions that they disagree with. As then, not only must the idea that they embrace derive from the inside, as is the case for the Introverted Thinker, but also it must be in tune with their personal sensibilities. This often leads to INFP becoming very dogmatic in their opinions. However this could be rectified if the presenter makes it clear that they do not wish to contravene the Feelings of the INFP, and despite the disagreement, very much supports the INFP’s value system. This, furthermore outlines the notion that the INFP can only be persuaded through attunement with the Feeling element, as analogously to how an INTP must be persuaded through attunement with the Thinking element. I.E, logically sound argument. The problem that both of these types incur in regards to diminution of Extroverted Intuition, is that they will tend to make decisions before they have managed to collect sufficient information. And as before mentioned, will not be able to collect information with a truly open-mind as their thoughts are influenced almost solely by the Introverted Feeling to which Extroverted Intuition is a servile lackey. Development of Extroverted Intuition liquidates the dilemma of potential one-sidedness as the auxiliary function becomes emancipated from the serfdom of the superior. Intuition, by property of itself, processes ideas. Thus, in such an event, the INFP will not be afflicted with the malady of collecting only information that is desired by the Introverted Judgment. INPs, as aforementioned tend to explore subjects in great depth with intense focus, whilst the Intuition oriented thinkers (hence, the Dostoevsky example), explore more ideas, yet with less of an intense of a focus. Extroverted Intuition is the most extensive function of all. An INP who has mastered Extroverted Intuition will be able to concoct a worldview that is almost as broad as it is deep. Aristotle and Shakespeare the case in point. Ivory tower academics are examples of INTPs who have not accomplished this task, and Kierkegaard to whose work we can refer to as being stuck in a dimly lit room, is an example of an INFP who has not accomplished the task.

    Introverted Sensing

    Introverted Sensing is the tertiary function of the INFP. Commonly referred to as the ‘child-like function’. It is often strong enough to have a say consistently throughout the life of the mind of an INFP, unlike the inferior Extroverted Thinking. However, not strong enough to profoundly influence the Introverted Feeling and Extroverted Intuition. It is more difficult to emancipate Introverted Sensing from the grips of Introverted Feeling than Extroverted Intuition. Introverted Sensing is primarily oriented towards concrete information, which is to be acquired through mere recollection-or memory. Unlike Extroverted Sensing, Introverted Sensing primarily focuses on information needed by the individual, and not information needed for the group. As well as the individual’s most cherished memories, as opposed to those to be most cherished by the group. (For this latter reason Extroverted Sensors (ESPs) tend to be more fraternal than other types. They focus primarily on group activities which will lead to memories to be cherished.) Introverted Sensing is the most nostalgic of all functions. As its primary focus is memories that were important to the individual. Being a serf of Introverted Feeling, first and foremost, as well as Extroverted Intuition—the Introverted Sensing will pinpoint only the facts that the Introverted Feeling deems important, and those that Extroverted Intuition decides are worthy of speculation. Thus, the INFP with a low self-esteem often easily invokes memories that are unfavorable, and with the high, those that are favorable. As we see that the Introverted Sensing is often entirely at the disposal of the Introverted Feeling. A healthy Introverted Sensing will lead the INFP to make another step towards attunement with Extroverted Thinking, as Introverted Sensing is the function closest to their inferior. Thus, when an INFP with a highly developed Introverted Sensing attempts to reminisce or think about concrete facts and procedures, the invokation of their Thinking faculty follows as an entailment. Memories are often a reliable path towards connection with the Inferior Extroverted Thinking for the INFP. Introverted Sensing is not merely a perceiving, or information collecting faculty, but is also a function that makes us in tune with the concrete world. Individuals with a strong Sensing function tend to be highly pragmatic. For this reason, we notice as David Keirsey has, that Sensing-Judging individuals, or those with a dominant or auxiliary Introverted Sensing tend to be the supreme logisticians. This is because of their close attunement with the concrete world. Hence, ISTJs tend to be keenly aware of how the practical world works. Sensing and Intuition are perceiving functions, ones that focus not on a specific problem like Judging functions do, but the environment by and large. Introversion is an attitude most concerned with what is needed for the subject. Sensing is most concerned with the concrete environment. Therefore Introverted Sensing is most keenly aware of our concrete environment and the knowledge that we need to interact therewith. An INFP with a highly developed Introverted Sensing will make a big step forward towards accepting the world for what it is. As at that point they will also have developed the Extroverted Intuition. Hence, the two sound perceiving functions will allow for them to overcome one of the most significant problems INPs tend to be faced with. Or that of collecting only the kind of information the Introverted Judgment deems fit. Hence, if an INFP can collect information in a truly objective fashion, they will overcome the dilemma of being disconnected from the world and being locked in the museum of their own reveries. After this has been accomplished, the INFP should be in the position to progress towards development of Extroverted Thinking. At this point the INFP will be ready to not only perceive the world for what it is, but also make judicious impersonal assessments of the external environment.

    Moreover, this will lead to a decline in inner conflict within the mind of an INFP, as the discrepancy between what the INFP grudgingly accepts as the truth, and what they feel should be true will decline. Introverted Sensing will give the INFP more grounding in the real world, one that they truly wish to harmonize themselves with, not the one that their minds have concocted to replace. As implied before, this happens by virtue of Introverted Sensing being in close tune with the concrete world. If the Extroverted Thinking has developed as an entailment of cultivation of Introverted Sensing, the INFP will likely be able to view the world with a sober eye. Though clearly, Introverted Sensing is more than half of the battle, as there the INFP will be in the position to avoid being stuck in the museum of their own reveries which only push them further from the external world. Extroverted Thinking is only necessary to cement their efforts of getting out of the position where they were 'stuck in their own head'. At that point they will likely be able to harmonize themselves with the world as it truly is, and at this point they will be devoid of much inner conflict. The inner conflict follows as a consequence of an INFP having disregarded the external realities in favor of bending the picture to the extent where it would be easier to harmonize with, and the INFP eventually discovering that their attempts to harmonize can not be thought of as legitimate for this reason. Because they only think they have harmonized themselves with the world, but only harmonized themselves with their illusory vision of the world. In order to find true harmony, the INFP must obtain a realistic view of the world, and there is no better way to start this than by attempting to cultivate Introverted Sensing. The most down to Earth and common-sensical function one can encounter. Only this, and not many of their sentimental illusions will pave their way for inner peace. The only true goal in life of an Introverted Judger.



    Disclaimer: The essay below strives to depict only the unconscious predilections of the Extroverted Feeler and not the personalities which are often associated with this type. As I have argued in my Introductory essay to typology, such notions are unwarranted and irrelevant to the essence of type.

    • Extroversion - The attitude of defining the self by an external agenda, the external focus of this faculty tends to deem interaction with the external world more important than contemplation.
    • Introversion - Defining the external environment by internal agenda and internal predilections. The internal focus of this faculty tends to deem contemplation more important than interaction with the external world.
    • Feeling - Decision making faculty on the basis of personal values.
    • Thinking - Decision making faculty on the basis of logic and impersonal analysis.
    • Judgment - Conscious assessment of perceived information. Judgments could be made either through an appeal to impersonal analysis or through an appeal to subjective sentiments and personal values.
    • Perception - Unconscious collection of information. Perception is necessarily unconscious, an example of this matter can be our most simple sensation of hearing, seeing and touching. Or our imagining of a story being told to us. Our mind inevitably and unconsciously collects information when it is forced to interact with the external world, which it always is. As it is impossible to avoid hearing, smelling or touching as it is equally impossible to avoid attempting to imagine ideas that have been presented to us by others.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.

    I. Extroverted Feeling

    What we know about the Extroverted Feeling type is that it is a radically Extroverted Type. This is the case because the dominant function is aimed outwards and it is a judging faculty. The judging aspect of the function intensifies the external focus further. Moreover, we notice that Feeling, unlike thinking is defined by the human element as opposed to the impersonal analysis. Whilst an Extroverted Thinker may easily work on his own endeavor to utilize the external agenda to the end of defining his being, the Extroverted Feeler can only manipulate external personal values. Before we go further with this example we should explain what Extroverted Judgment is and how it functions. As we have before stated, Extroversion is the attitude of defining the self based on the external standard. Thus the Judgment of the extrovert is defined by the external standard. In order for us to investigate Extroverted Feeling, it would be prudent to inquire into Extroverted Thinking first, as it is easier to provide an intellectual account of Thinking than Feeling because the Thinking is more objective in the vernacular sense of the word. Or quite simply, the decisions Thinking will make will be based on logical reasoning which could be externally observed, yet the decision of a Feeler will be based on private, subjective sentiments of the person making the decision. Such a process is not as easily observed.

    Hence, an Extroverted Thinker will learn logic from a textbook and accept the problem-solving methodologies that he has learned by default, as he will also accept by default the procedures of handling the external world. This is the case because the deciding factor for the Extrovert is contingent upon the external environment. Thus, the decree of the outer world holds primacy over the internal judgment. Hence, for the Extroverted Thinker, the problem is well solved if there is evidence in the external world to confirm this. It could be the textbook example of how a problem is to be solved which lines up with how the Extroverted Thinker has solved it on paper. It could be the opinion of an expert, or it could be the empirical evidence for the solution of the problem the Extroverted Thinker has had in mind. Yet, unless there is an external factor to confirm the thoughts of the Thinker in question, this type will not see any reason to have confidence in the soundness of his work. One may impugn the integrity of such a thought process and assert that such a Thinker lacks autonomy of mind, that he is tied down to the dictates of external protocol like a dog to a chain, as if he does not have thoughts of his own. Such a claim would be altogether false and profoundly depreciatory. The Extroverted Thinker derives the method of problem solving from the outside, yet he is just as much entitled to his private thoughts as the Introverted Thinker. Again, to emphasize further, the Extroverted Thinker will learn logic and procedures of handling the external world from the textbook, but after he has done so, he is free to use the methodology he has acquired to explore any thought he deems desirable to explore. However, because the deciding factor is external for all extroverts, the Extroverted Thinker cannot have confidence in his own reasoning, however sound it may be in itself unless there is a factor outside of him that may confirm his thoughts. Hence, the thoughts in themselves are autonomous, yet the final conclusion is outside of the province of such a thinker, as this requires an appeal to external circumstances. Despite that the Extroverted Thinker is able to freely explore all ideas, whatever is out of tune with the external standard of soundness. However, the essence of Extroversion insists on conformity of one’s inner thoughts to the external essence. In the cases of extreme neurosis, the Extrovert will have his thoughts match entirely with the external object he observes. However, this is not at all to demean the extrovert, as in the case of the introvert something nearly as sinister shall take place. In the case of the said introvert, all of one’s thoughts shall be equated with the introvert’s ego, or his thought experiments will be made to conform to every whim of his.

    However, the point to be made in this case is that the Extrovert’s thinking has a distinctly expressed tendency to pantomime the entities outside of him. If the external agents believe logic is to be done in Newtonian ways and not Leibnizian, so shall be the case, if moral values are to be done by Muslim ethic and not Christian, so shall be the fate of the Extrovert. However, it should not at all be concluded that the extroverted attitude is in any way fatalistic, at least not in any lesser degree than the attitude of the introvert. Perhaps the only difference between the two to be observed is that the introvert can more easily adjust his ways because all that he requires for the adjustment is the will of his own contemplation, yet the Extrovert requires the external inspiration. However, at the very essence of the mechanism, the Extrovert requires action for contemplation and the introvert requires solo time.

    However, since we do note that the Extroverted Thinker derives his methodology of thought from the convention, analogously to such a model, the Extroverted Feeler derives his methodology of value judgments from the outside as well. Accordingly, the Extroverted Feeler derives his ways of making value judgments from the external world. This of course, does not at all mean that all of his values shall be equivalent to the values of the external environment, however, this shall be the case for Extroverted Feeler who have not learned the proper judgment in their own right. When object is given ascendancy, the Extroverted Feeler will be moved to conform his feelings to what is considered prudent in eyes of value judgment by his contemporaries and his environment by and large, but would truly have nothing to do with the Feeling of the person of the Extroverted Feeling type as an individual in him or herself. “Overextraverted feeling may satisfy aesthetic expectations, but it does not speak to the heart; it appeals merely to the senses or---worse still ---only to reason. It can provide aesthetic padding for a situation, but there it stops, and beyond that its effect is nil. It has become sterile. If this process goes any further, a curiously contradictory dissocation of feeling results: everything becomes an object of feeling valuations, and innumerable relationships are entered into which are all at variance with each other. As this situation would become quite impossible if the subject received anything like due emphasis, even the last vestiges of real personal standpoint are suppressed. The subject becomes so enmeshed in the network of individual processes that to the observer it seems as though there were merely a feeling process and no longer a subject of feeling. Feeling in this state has lost all human warmth; it gives the impression of being put on, fickle, unreliable, and in the worst cases hysterical.” Psychological Types P. 356.

    What we have here is quite the peculiar psychology. In the case of the Introverted Feeler, the true depth and sincerity of Feeling derives from contemplation alone, however, in the case of the Extroverted Feeler with whom our inquiry is concerned, Feeling derives from the outside and action. And of course such a feeling is not determined by the person’s sentiments and private feelings, but by the mindset of the environment external to the extroverted Feeler. The problem with such an approach to personal values is that it renders the person devoid of values of his own and at the very core he is but a mirror image of values of other people and society by and large. Such a type will shrink at no absurdity to promote the agenda favored by his social circle, no matter how clear it is to a sober mind that what he stands for is pernicious. Because the Feeling of this type is defined externally, his feelings and the inner mindset in general requires the approval of the external agent. Or in other words, the Extroverted Feeler will have no reason to believe that his values are good and true or his feelings are valid unless somebody else said so, or there is some example in the external world of such values being sound. He does not try to search his heart, but instead asks, what would other people say about this? He does not ask, how do I feel, but instead asks, how do others feel I should feel?

    “Even when it appears to be qualified by a concrete object, it is none the less still under the spell of traditional or generally accepted values of some kind. I may feel moved, for instance, to say that something is “beautiful” or “good”, not because I find it “beautiful” or “good” from my own subjective feeling about it, but because it is fitting and politic to call it so, since a contrary judgment would upset the general feeling situation.” Psychological types P.355

    One is tempted to ask whether Extroverted Feeling is pretentious at the very core, or such a functioning requires that the person lies about his true feelings and interests. However, this is not the case, as the Extroverted Feeler naturally conforms his inner mindset to the external object. Or in other words, if everyone feels that the work of Shakespeare is superior to that of Virgil, the Extroverted Feeler will judge this way. He will not do so simply as means to the end of winning the favor of the multitude, but will unconsciously retain such a judgment. It is easy to accuse such individuals of dishonesty and prostitution of opinion, yet such charges strike the Extroverted Feeler as baffling, as to the best of his knowledge the opinion he has voiced is consistent with his true thoughts and feelings. We are led to wonder if such an act of social adjustment even deserves the label of Feeling, since it does not appear to make any value judgments of its own. We should however note that Feeling is a property wholly independent of both Extroversion and Introversion and only in extreme cases of neurosis it is made to conform either to the subject(introversion) or the object (extroversion), but in itself the essence is free. We should also note that Extroverted Feeling conforms to the object only to the extent that Introverted Feeling conforms to the subject. The object could be the authority of renowned individuals in the community and the subject could be the person’s ego. In the case of a problematic Extroverted Feeling, the individual will ignore all value judgments that do not conform to the external agenda and adjust those that could be adjusted to the external agenda. In the healthy case of Extroverted Feeling, the individual will be moved to defend the external standard, but will exercise enough proper judgments to avoid falling slave to such an agenda. Hence, critical analysis of the external agenda will be both possible and desirable for such a type.

    Slavery to convention certainly does mar the image of the Extroverted Feeling type, however this hardly gives the Introverted Feeler a break. As has been mentioned in the INTP profile, the Introvert is in danger of shaping the external environment into what his inner vision deems it should be to the point where the introvert is unable to properly collect information about and interact with the external environment. The only advantage that the Introverted Feeler has over his extroverted counterpart is that he can re-examine his values on his own, internal endeavor, whilst the Extroverted Feeler requires external stimuli.

    As has been stated many times in this essay, the Extroverted Feeling relies strictly on external factors for decision making, however, we have not yet thoroughly examined the implications of such a mindset. Since the character is compelled to act by the object and not the subject, he is not directly influenced by pure thought or pure motive. But the object is interposed between the person’s thoughts and actions. Or in other words, unlike the Introverted Feeler who could look at a person from a distance and collect the ambience of his mood, the Extroverted Feeler needs a direct cue of action to see how the person feels. Hence, in such a case he would look at the person’s eyebrows, lips, body language and other aspects of physiognomy to determine how the person feels. One shall ask, why does the Extroverted Feeler have such ideas concerning determining the other person’s subjective Feelings. This is because he accepts external entities by default. He has been told that the smiling symbolizes happiness and moves forward to equate such a gesture with happiness every time he sees a smile. This is exactly the same mechanism as that of the Extroverted Thinker accepting ways of handling logic and mathematics by default. We should however note that the Extroverted Judger does indeed have indirect access to ideas as he is able to experience genuine empathy after seeing a smile on one’s face and such a feeling within him is not at all different from that of the Introverted Judger who accesses the idea directly. Individualistic thought is possible for the Extroverted Judger on the account of his reflection upon the subjective mindsets he experiences within and not the external actions that he associates with such mindsets. This, however, is quite difficult as in order for his inner mindsets to be deemed valid, he needs confirmation in the external world. The more individualistic the Extroverted Feeler becomes the less confirmation of the external world he shall need and the more he will rely on his inner subjective mindset. However, the Extroverted Feeler does lack the internal or subjective judgment, which we refer to as Introverted Feeling, hence he is not capable of making such assessments directly. However, he has Introverted perception which could give him confidence in his inner mindset, especially if the Introverted Perception is represented by Introverted Intuition which is decidedly more idea oriented and individualistically oriented than Introverted Sensation. One danger to watch out for the Extroverted Feeler is that if he has not properly developed his introverted side, he shall have no reliable way of establishing sound personal values and maintaining loyalty to them unless he sees direct approval for such a mindset.

    A striking example of this phenomenon would be the Extroverted Feeler who simply does not know what he values or what he ought to do unless he sees people supporting him at the given moment, and is unable to retain the values in the face of the change of social climate, which he has held nearly and dearly hitherto. The change in moral attitudes observed in Russian Christian Peasants at the time of Bolshevik Revolution (1917) is the case in point. They have abandoned the Biblical gospels in favor of the Communistic message preached by the Bolsheviks. Accordingly, because such a type lacks all inner conscience all things are permissible for him as long as people are not watching. He will stop at no cruelty or baseness to get his way on the stage devoid of audience.

    Also because the final value judgment is made based on comparison of the subjective mindset to the external object and ultimately conformity of the former to the latter, the Extroverted Feeler who has not properly developed his Introverted faculties will retain a black and white view of the world. As he is unable to make assessments for himself, he thinks that the case is either the project either does match what is set as a representation of exemplary work or it does not. Another danger for such a malfunctioning Extrovert is that he will loose his focus on the inner identity and will define himself based on strictly external entities. This is indeed a danger for any extrovert, however one to be much emphasized for the Extroverted judger as this type has an intense focus on the external environment. Also the element of external judgment pressures the individual in possession of such a type to make assessments of the external world directly. This gives the extrovert an impression that he can control the external world, and very strikingly, in the case of the Extroverted Judger he may fall into the trap of believing that what he controls is part of himself, since he has a very strong tendency to base his notion of the self on external entities. Such characters will go as far as needed to acquire and retain power until they are reproached by a greater power, such problems are the result of a lack of inner conscience due to the lack of affinity with the introverted aspect of the psyche.

    A. Establishment of Personal values

    “As a result of upbringing her feeling has developed into an adjusted function subject to conscious control. Except in extreme cases, her feeling has a personal quality, even though she may have repressed the subjective factor to a large extent. Her personality appears adjusted in relation to external conditions. ” Psychological Types, P. 356

    As we have established before, Extroversion derives its identity from the outside. Hence, the Extroverted Feeler comes to value honesty or compassion for example not because in his or her own judgment such values are sound or that they appeal to his unconscious mindset but because people around him endorse such values and exhort the Extroverted Feeler to do so as well. All of the subjective factor concerning this type is subjugated to the values and maxims others Feel the Extroverted Feeler ought to value. This is especially the case for Thinking. All of thoughts of this type are subjugated to better fit the feelings this type is most comfortable with entertaining. “Nothing disturbs feeling so much as thinking. It is therefore understandable that in this type thinking will be kept in abeyance as much as possible. This does not mean that the woman does not at all; on the contrary, she may think a great deal and very cleverly, but her thinking is never sui generic---it is an Epimethean appendage to her feeling. What she cannot feel, she cannot consciously think. “But I can’t think what I don’t feel, “ such a type said to me once in indignant tones. So far as her feeling allows, she can think very well, but every conclusion, however logical, that might lead to disturbance of feeling is rejected at the outset. It is simply not thought. Thus everything that fits in with objective values is good, and is loved, and everything else seems to her to exist in a world apart. ” Psychological Types P.357

    We know that the Introverted Thinking is integral to the true and inner identity of the ENFJ because it is an introverted faculty. Since the Extroverted Feeling is in full command of the psyche of this type, the inner identity of the type is to be shaped in any way the Extroverted Feeling desires. Accordingly, logical outcomes which are in line with Extroverted Feeling are embraced and those that are not are either rejected at the outset or the logical reasoning of such outcome is twisted to better fit the agenda of Extroverted Feeling.

    “But a chance comes over the picture when the importance of the object reaches still a higher level. As already explained, the subject becomes so assimilated to the object that the subject of feeling is completely engulfed. Feeling loses its personal quality, and becomes feeling for its own sake; the personality seems wholly dissolved in the feeling of the moment. But since actual life is a constant succession of situations that evoke different and even contradictory feelings, the personality gets split up into as many different feeling states. At one moment is this, at another something quite different---to all appearances, for in reality such a multiple personality is impossible. ” Psychological Types P. 357

    Now we are led to ask the question of what objective values are. At this point in our inquiry it seems very clear that such values of the Extroverted Feeler derive wholly from the outside. This is an act of adjusting the inner thoughts, feelings and hunches to external circumstances. One can think of the inner values of the Extroverted Feeler as an empty vessel to be filled with whatever the external situation requires. Since the Extroverted Feeler has such a very strong tendency to derive identity from without, it is highly likely that he may get confused about what identity to maintain as external situation often tends to fickle. The Extroverted Feeler may incur much confusion about what roles to maintain and how. As before mentioned, such acts of assimilation often tempt observers of this type to question the sincerity of their motives, yet the Extroverted Feeler tends to be baffled by such charges because to the best of his knowledge his motives are in line with what he professes to be. He is often unable to see the contradictions in his behavior because his incessant activity and interaction with the external world prevent him from simply stopping to think and his lack of proper Thinking faculties seduce him into self-deception and faulty reasoning which merely confirm his feelings. Since morality is derived almost entirely from the outside for this type, he can easily fall into the trap that what he is doing is good and right as long as he is doing what he is supposed to, or that his immediate observers approve of his behavior. He may even forget that what he is doing today may please the current crowd he inhabits, yet strongly displease the crowd he was surrounded by yesterday as today’s behavior is irreconcilable with yesterday’s. In pathological cases such types may succumb to borderline personality disorder, which to a great extent is associated with a lack of inner identity, or a multiple personality disorder which again stems from the same root.

    Needless to say, excessive reliance on objective values without private, subjective judgment can render the individual almost wholly devoid of true personal conscience. The conscience of such unhealthy individuals is contingent upon the will of external observers, the moment this type ceases to be observed is the moment where they loose all motive to practice what they preach. This is not at all to insinuate a dishonesty or an attempt at conscious manipulation of the observers, but merely to point out that the Extroverted Judger gets in tune with his principles through interaction with the external world, when the interaction is lacking, loosing sight of those principles becomes all too easy.

    B. What is valued?

    “The valuations resulting from the act of feeling either correspond directly with objective values or accord with traditional and generally accepted standards. This kind of feeling is very largely responsible for the fact that so many people flock to the theatre or to concerts, or go to church, and do so moreover with their feelings correctly adjusted. Fashions, too, owe their whole existence to it, and, what is far more valuable, the positive support of social, philanthropic, and other such cultural institutions. ” P. 355

    As has been mentioned before, because this type derives values externally, and assimilates itself to external agenda, it is no surprise that entities of the external world are valued first and foremost. Welfare of society is deemed to be more important than that of the individual and deontology is to be preferred over virtue ethics. Or in other words, a good man, in the eyes of the Extroverted Feeler is one who fulfills the external agenda of behavior. Since such an agenda is external, it cannot inhere within the individual and therefore the individual must be exhorted into abeyance to the agenda. Thus, a good act is to be inspired by duty. Immanuel Kant’s deontology is a classical example of the Extroverted Judger’s natural predilections towards ethics. Kant, however, argues that reason is the most reliable instrument for us to assess our ethical choices, such a mindset is in closer affinity with that of the Extroverted Thinker, the path of the Extroverted Feeler is quite different. Social obligation is the key to understanding such a character’s ethical mindset. Thus, a person is to do what is right because others want him to. He is to become good by imitating the benevolent behaviors of those around him. An Introverted Judger may protest at such a claim on the note that our external actions are but manifestations of our inner mindset. Yet, the Extroverted Feeler shall be baffled at such a thought as he tends to think that our inner being is simply empty without interaction with the external world, or for the very least corrupt and selfish. We tend to have a negative attitude towards our lesser developed functions because using them inadvertently leads to much discomfort. Hence, the Extrovert is naturally negatively biased towards Introverted notions and vice versa. This is the case in point for the Extroverted Feeler reviling the inner motives of the individual.

    To rectify this problem the Extroverted Feeler insists that the individual’s corrupt and selfish motives be purged by the more trustworthy and reliable external agenda. Hence, one must have his inner being conform to what society considers to be good and true. Almost invariably, the Extroverted Feeler’s inner mindset shall protest as such external ideas may go radically contrary to his inner thoughts and wishes. And again, this is hardly disturbing to such a type, as Freud often said, ‘the unconscious can do nothing but wish’, and Jung insists that this is indeed very emblematic of how the Extrovert’s unconscious tends to function. In a nutshell, what this shows is that to the radically Extroverted type, the inner mindset is to have very little or no say over how he is to live his life. The object is seen as the most important agent in the ethical mindset of such a type, therefore the external factor is all that could guide the Extroverted Feeler. The closer the adherence to the external factor, the more sound the behavior shall be deemed to be. Such an object is very often the family, the church, the city community or the communist party. Thus, conformity is seen as one of the greatest or the greatest of morale goods because this is the behavior necessary to ensure adherence to the external standard.

    C. How to live out our values?

    ‘The strongest principle is that everybody, whether they are male or female, should have a leader. Likewise, no one should get into the habit of doing anything at all on his own initiative-either in earnest or in jest. Both in war and during time of peace, he should respect his leader and follow him faithfully. He should look up to his leader and follow his guidance in even the smallest matters. For example, he should get up, move around, wash, and have his meals.. only at such times as he has been ordered to do so. In other words, he should get into the habit, by a long process of training of never dreaming of acting independently, and thus becoming utterly incapable of such action. In this way the life of all is spent in total community. There is no law, and there never will be one, which is above this. It is the most effective way of achieving salvation and victory in war. And in peacetime, and from earliest childhood, this should remain the highest law- the need to rule others and be ruled by others. All trace of independence or anarchistic spirit must be completely eradicated from the life of all men, and even the wild beasts which are kept by these men.”---Plato, Laws

    As a result of the attitude of radical collectivism, and the intense extroversion of this type, the Extroverted Feeler is bound to accept his values and ways of life on authority. Such an authority is often the aforementioned church or a powerful personal leader. This notion is without a doubt consistent with what has been propounded by Plato. Plato’s ideal state involves a very strong leader and a well organized social system where all people assiduously fulfill their duty. It starts in early education, typically in pre-school or grade school where children are exhorted to listen to their caretakers and parents as well as diligently fulfill all of their orders. What agrees with the rules of social conduct is right and to be approved of, what does not agree is wrong, and what is not relevant to the rules of social conduct is not important. It is very rare that any item could be irrelevant or not covered by such rules, as the External focus of such judgment is aimed not at the subject, but the object or the world itself. It is also common within such psychic tendencies to control all things. Thus, the judgment of the Extrovert extends to cover as much territory as possible. For this reason such codes of ethic give very comprehensive instructions on how all tasks of life are to be performed, very often such instructions even involve how to go to bed or how to eat a meal. The Holy Texts of Judeo-Christian religions is the case in point for this.

    Extroverted Judgment is much more concerned with the concrete aspect of ethic than with the abstract because the Extroversion emphasizes the object, or what is externally observable and devalues the subject which could be accessed only through thought which often tends to be very abstract. Introverted Judgment is most concerned with such abstractions and because it is the shadow of the Extroverted Judger, it is deemed to be anathema to such a type. Accordingly the Extroversion of this type makes him more concerned with action rather than reflection and this in combination with the general concrete attitude of the type encourages the Extroverted Feeler to be more concerned with what must be done, as opposed to what must be thought, felt, or valued.

    The Extroverted Feeler, for reasons mentioned earlier in this essay often experiences great temptation to control the external environment. And because Judgment almost inevitably embraces conventional standards for self-assessment, the Extroverted Judger is lead to equate personal integrity with acquisition of status. Or being thought of by others as a person of integrity. For the Extroverted Feeler, Extroversion is analogous to Feeling as fuel to an engine. Hence, ideas are derived wholly from the outside. If they are not qualified by a concrete, or an externally observable entity, they shall hardly fall short of non-existent. Thus, in order for the Extroverted Feeler to attain integrity, he must act out on his values. To have integrity, means to do good. He cannot feel good about himself unless there are external entities which qualify such a feeling. Moreover, it is also of paramount importance for the Extroverted Feeler to exhort others to Feel or Think as they do. Since external entities are representations of the person’s integrity, as is often said by such a type ‘my success and material possessions often speak towards my accomplishments in life’, a disagreement with the actions or values of the Extroverted Feeler is deemed to be a direct attack on his values. The same is not the case for the mindset of the Introverted Feeler whose values inhere within the mind and not action, hence in order to impose the same effect upon the Introverted Feeler one must somehow invade his thoughts or feelings. Yet in the case of the Extroverted Feeler, one must simply do contrary to what the person in question deems fitting and proper. In response to this he will either strenuously attempt to change the behavior of the offender or concede that he lacks integrity. This is the case because Extroverted Feeling envelopes all of external environment in its scope and since the identity derives externally, it is not enough for the Extroverted Feeler himself to do as he pleases, but he must have all share his beliefs, as what he controls is deemed to be part of himself. Rick Warren has preached that to be a Christian one must proselytize or persuade others to Feel and Think as one does himself. The rhetoric his teacher Jesus has employed is also emblematic of such a mindset whereas he insists that those who are not for him are against him. Or in other words, one who does not share his beliefs is his enemy. The earlier mentioned danger of lapsing into black and white thought also underscores such a notion, as in the eyes of such an unhealthy Extroverted Feeler one could be a good man as he has for the most part obeyed the stipulations of the Extroverted Feeler yet on one occasion he may have shown disagreement, and because this renders him not in complete agreement with the Extroverted Feeler he may be easily relegated from saint to rogue. Christian Commonwealth is highly representative of the Extroverted Feeler’s typical notion of Utopia. What we have is one authority figure who is the paragon of all virtue. His virtue is very concrete expressed, understanding it requires very little to no conscious scrutiny, it is very easy for one to thoughtlessly embrace. And how one is to behave is clearly and distinctly expressed. All thoughts concerning subversion or individualism are thoroughly suppressed and anyone who does not agree with the Christian ethic is to be expelled to hellfire. Of course, since individualism has been suppressed the task of finding one’s inner being appears to be almost wholly devalued, as all people become one, or the perfect Christian. The institution of marriage, whereas it is said that the two to be wedded shall become one person is another example very suitable for the Extroverted Feeler’s notion of interpersonal success. Dissolution of one’s inner identity and conformity to the external standard is highly vouched for. This is another striking example of how conformity, in the eyes of the Extroverted Feeler is seen as the moral good. Autonomy or self-seeking is to be sternly reproached, and so was the fate of Lucifer, who in the eyes of the Introverted Feeler John Milton has been expelled from the kingdom of God for his self-seeking ventures. Since Judgment is applied to the External world, the world of personal affairs is very neatly and thoroughly organized. Roles are delegated with great precision in thought concerning social obligations and the leaders who have imposed such roles on the people tend to be quite particular about how those roles are carried out. The case is either the role has been carried out diligently and thoroughly to the very end or not at all.

    This again, alludes to the black and white nature of Extroverted Judgment. Plato’s cast system, which Karl Popper (Open Society and its Enemies) has reviled as fascistic is the case in point for such phenomena. Any system of ethics that insists on segregation of people based on their social status such that may be income, race, or group affiliations is doubtlessly the legacy of Extroverted Feeling. For reasons mentioned before, the Extroverted Feeler may be precluded from seeing how pernicious such activities may be and how contrary they go to the values they profess to hold due to lack of reflection which is quenched by the excessive extroversion of the type and the inability to detach from the external context of events and think through for oneself. So long as this type meets social obligations, he deems his affairs to be benevolent. The behaviors which are deemed to be tyrannous and by all accounts pernicious are often cleverly veiled in acts of philanthropy and concern for common welfare. Extroverted Feeler tends to be adept at understanding the political aspect of external social phenomena and how to contribute to such a scenario. Hence, very rarely the Extroverted Feeler finds himself unable to manipulate the social situation to his own advantage. Even though he may lack nuance concerning theoretical aspect of ideas as this requires profound reflection on abstract matters, this type is much in tune with the External world of affairs. He understands the social convention extremely well and how to create the necessary reaction in the external environment. The Extroverted Feeler is very easily adaptable to the external environment, as Jung points out, fashions owe its existence to this type. Even though he may have little or no understanding on how to solve the most basic problems of mathematics or physics, and the nuance of such intellectual enterprises are bound to leave him baffled and intimidated, he knows every last nuance in regards to how attain power in his community and how to win the approbation of the multitude. An example of such a phenomenon would be the character who understands fashion and etiquette so well to the point where he would know exactly how to groom his hair and what to wear in order to produce the intended affect, even what to say and to whom and how, and how to carry himself in order to have the other person respond in the way he wishes him to. When the other person does not respond in such a fashion, the Extroverted Feeler inevitably becomes irate. So he exhorts himself further to impose rules of etiquette on all people he can control, where all inevitably behave exactly the way he needs them to. As earlier mentioned, he likely carries this task out in an ostensible gentle and charismatic fashion, often the people he controls are prompted to thank him for what he has accomplished. The case in point is Vladimir Lenin who promised his peasants who have been plagued by destitution and war ‘peace, bread and land’, only later to boast in a private conversation with Bertrand Russell about how he has inspired the guileless peasants to subvert the tsar and his political adversaries. (Practice and Theory of Bolshevism, Russell.)

    “When I met Lenin, I had much less impression of a great man than I had expected; my most vivid impressions were of bigotry and Mongolian cruelty. When I put a question to him about socialism in agriculture, he explained with glee how he had incited the poorer peasants against the richer ones, ‘and they soon hanged them from the nearest tree---ha! Ha! Ha!’ His guffaw at the thought of those massacred made my blood run cold. ” Unpopular Essays, P.186 Extroverted Feeling without the input of the introverted faculties simply reduces all thought to a set of ‘no-brainers’ to be acted out and imposed onto the external environment. Thought simply comes to mirror what is imposed upon the subject. As Lenin himself has asserted that thought is but a reflection of action. Maintaining status quo is highly vouched for by such types as their inability to think through the rapidly changing circumstances leaves them with no choice but to arrest all change.

    Many of the problems depicted above could be rectified through cultivation of auxiliary Introverted Perception, in such a case the Extroverted Feeler will limit his personal identity to his inner being and his scope shall be narrowed to only what is important to him as a person. This shall without a doubt diminish the controlling tendencies of this type, this shall also rectify many dilemmas the Extroverted Feeler incurs due to the lack of reflection. Quite clearly it is the case that he can become more reflective by cultivating his Introverted faculties. It should also be noted that Introverted Intuition is very abstract, this shall render the Extroverted Feeler less likely to fall slave to black and white thought. Introverted Intuition also tends to be highly individualistic, this phenomenon requires no further exposition as we have countless examples for individualistic thought and action of individuals with a dominant Introverted Intuitive faculty. Consider Nietzsche, Ayn Rand and Jean-Paul Sartre.

    II. Introverted Intuition

    Introverted Intuition is the first entity fundamental to the inner being of the ENFJ. Collecting of information is essential to this type as this faculty is the strongest introverted function of the type. The Introverted Intuition, when commanded by Extroverted Judgment merely collects information about the external environment which is to be subjugated to the control of the Extroverted Feeling. However, when it is emancipated from the tyranny of Extroverted Judgment it shall be a path to inner conscience for such an Extrovert. The Extroverted Feeler in command of Introverted Intuition will not simply and thoughtlessly embrace the qualities of character bestowed upon him, but will now assess them based on his own inner agenda. Instead of promoting the agenda because it is orthodox, he will ask ‘is what is currently orthodox good?’ ‘if not, does it require immediate amelioration?’ ‘does it truly make others and myself happy?’, ‘what can I do to change the immediate environment.’
    The Extroverted Feeler without access to Introverted faculties will simply line himself up to the roles imposed upon him and shall dare not oppose a single stipulation as to be out of tune with how he ought to feel and what he ought to do means to lack integrity. Moreover, such an unhealthy Extrovert runs the danger of simply prostrating himself for the external agenda to the point of extreme denial of the true needs of the inner being. Cultivation of Introverted Intuition is the immediate and effective solution. As has been stated before, the Extroverted Feeler who has run amuck can be stopped in two fashions. Either put his actions to light in front of his audience, or have him concoct his own values and maxims independent of the wishes of the External agents. The latter is to be decidedly preferred for obvious reasons. Such a type will even be capable of groundbreaking insights in fields concerning human element such as art, foreign languages and literature. Ivan Turgenev’s literary success is a striking case in point for such a phenomenon. In short, the ENFJ with a well developed Introverted Intuition will have a rigorous code of personal ethic and a well developed personal conscience. He shall thoroughly decry the ignominious behaviors of Lenin and will quite justly protest that the above description does not fit a healthy Extroverted Feeling type. Whilst the Extroverted Feeling without a well developed Introverted Intuition shall dismiss all that appears complex at the outset and does not tell him what he ought to and what he ought not to do in very concrete terms, the Extroverted Feeler with a well developed Introverted Intuition shall be fascinated with complexities and exhort himself and others to think outside of the box.

    III. Extroverted Sensing

    Extroverted Sensation’s affinity with the external world and the concrete by and large tends to reaffirm the image and status conscious ways of Extroverted Feeling. It gives this type the notion that not only are the hearts and minds of other people are for their taking, but also all of the material world. Cultivation of Extroverted Sensation follows that of the Introverted Intuition. At this point the ENFJ should not be shallow and materialistic and the charges above in regards to Extroverted Sensation shall be rendered null and void. Such an ENFJ will demonstrate a philanthropic and genuinely compassionate attitude supported by a vision that is first and foremost concerned with amelioration of society as a whole, but shall never discount the individual. This humanitarian mindset shall insists on amelioration of convention and the social rules by and large.

    IV. Introverted Thinking

    Our inferior faculties by and large represent all we tend to fear the most. The less used the faculty, the more negative our attitude towards that faculty. Hence, there is nothing that the unsound Extroverted Feeler fears more than independent thought. Very often superstitious beliefs concerning the nature of logic and impersonal occurrences are harbored and since the Introverted Thinking does not require much grounding in the external world, the Extroverted Feeler is free to concoct all sorts of absurd laws concerning the nature of reasoning. Whilst the Introverted Feeler’s Thinking is Extroverted and could easily be subjugated to the convention of logical reasoning, the Extroverted Feeler’s thought shall run amuck. The advantage this type holds over its Introverted counterpart is that he is in closer natural affinity with the essence of thought, as Introverted functions are stronger than Extroverted. Hence, when the Extroverted Feeler is prepared to develop his auxiliary faculty, which tends to be closer to middle age, such skills will be acquired far more naturally than for the Introverted Feeler. At such a point, Introverted Intuition shall likely be developed and the Extroverted Feeler shall no longer fear profound thought but will use the skills of rigorous reasoning to strengthen his vision and make it more applicable to external impersonal world.



    My disclaimer: This profile purports to depict the ENFP unconscious tendencies and possible habits of mind, not personalities of people who claim to have this type.

    • Introversion - The attitude of assessing the external world based on the internal standards. Takes the inner world for granted and not the outer.
    • Extroversion - The attitude of assessing the inner life by virtue of the external standard.
    • Perceiving - The function of collection of information.
    • Judgment - The faculty of decision making.
    • Intuition - A faculty of abstract collection of information.
    • Sensation - A faculty of Concrete collection of information.
    • Rational - A judgment oriented procedure in regards to acquisition of knowledge. Tantamount to judgment. Thinking and Feeling are considered Rational functions. One may think that only Thinking should be considered rational, and this is indeed the case from the colloquial linguistic perspective. Yet Jung considers Feeling to also be a rational function because Feeling is the conscious scrutiny of personal values and emotions. Essentially it is perfectly analogous to the kind of conscious scrutiny Thinking does to impersonal data.
    • Irrational - A perception oriented approach to knowledge, one that seeks to provide no rational. Irrational, in the Jungian sense of the word does not mean contrary to reason, but rather one that does not directly rely on 'judgment' for assessment of the situation. Thus hunches and impulses constitute such irrational faculties, despite that a rational explanation could be found for discoveries made by hunches and intuitions.
    • Introverted Feeling - A decision making faculty that defines the self from within, based on an internal criteria and defines the rest of the world in relation to the elected criteria.
    • Extroverted Intuition - An information collecting faculty that assesses information for quality based on external agenda. Generally based on how well ideas depict external phenomena.
    • Introverted Sensing - An information collecting faculty that assess concrete information for quality based on an internal agenda. Memories and concrete facts are seen as an end in themselves and do not need to depict the external world in order to be considered satisfactory.
    • Extroverted Thinking - An externally focused impersonal decision making faculty that relies on an external standard for legitimation.

    I.Extroverted Intuition as a function in itself

    “Whenever Intuition predominates, a peculiar and unmistakable psychology results. Because extraverted intuition is oriented by the object, there is a marked dependence on external situations, but it is altogether different from the dependence of the sensation type. The intuitive is never to be found in the world of accepted reality-values, but he has a keen nose for anything new and in the making.”

    Intuition, in the Jungian sense of the term is an irrational function, or unconscious. Its primary focus is on collection of information. Intuition by the nature of itself is abstract and therefore closer in tune with the realm of imagination than with the realm of the senses. Leanor Thomson has pointed out that Perceivers tend to be right-brained in a conventional sense of the notion and judgers left-brained. Or perhaps to perception in general. That notion seems amorphous, as we could well argue that INJs are more right-brained than many perceiving types because their inner life seems to embody almost all of the qualities we associate with right-brained characteristics. Namely those most closely associated with fluidity and creativity. The mind of an introverted Intuitionist is indeed unbounded by conscious judgments the minds of Types with a dominant judging function tend to be. However, one important phenomenon that we should take note of is that all of our intuitive perceptions were first inspired by external phenomena. Therefore Briggs’ approach to the Judging/Perceiving dichotomy has much merit in this respect. Namely that she regards Judging types as those approaching the external world with a judging function and intuitive types approaching the external world with an intuitive function. As we look further into the matter, we notice that Extroverted Judging types tend to have the easiest time perceiving the world in terms of concrete, conventionally established symbols. For this reason their approach to the outer world tends to be highly structured. Yet the approach of Extroverted perceivers, conversely, radically unstructured. Thus, Extroverted Perception is the radically right-brained faculty in the sense that Leanor Thomson has used the term, and Extroverted Judgment the radical left-brained faculty. On that account we may claim that the ENFP is one of the most right-brained oriented types. This is most distinctly represented by the marked preference for imagination over Sensation and Feeling over Thinking. The ENFP is more feeling oriented than its intuitive counterpart INFJ, as Introverted functions tend to be more loyal to their element than Extroverted, hence Introverted Feeling, augmented by Intuition makes the ENFP more dedicated to Feeling than the INFJ.

    Through the aforementioned filters the outer world is incepted for us. Thus, an Extroverted Perceiver tends to be flexible in his perceptions, yet the Extroverted Judger tends to incept the environment in terms of the pre-existing concrete symbols. As we notice that the Extroverted Judgers tend to rely much more on the pre-established terms for their understanding of ideas. As for instance, it is very common for a Judger to say that they could not imagine the concept of yellow without the word yellow, yet very uncommon for a dominant Extroverted perceiver to make the same claim. For this reason, we shall argue that the Extroverted perceivers, with a slight exception in favor of Introverted Perceivers, tend to collect the soundest information. The Extroverted Perceiver is different from the Introverted Perceiver in the respect that he confronts the external environment directly, whilst the Introverted perceiver must first filter the environment through the apparatus of his own inner perceptions and then shift onto the Extroverted Judgment in order to make a decision. And only at that point he will be able to interact with the outer environment. Because of this, the Introverted perceivers tend to be the least spontaneous, as their access to the outer environment is contingent upon their inner perceptions which are remote from the immediate environment. Yet, the Extroverted perceivers, by contrast, which could be rightly deemed as an animus to the Introverted Perceivers tend to be the most spontaneous. As aforementioned, the reason for this is that they do not require contemplation for direct action, as their perceptions are always in tune with the outer world. In this regard they are even more action oriented than the dominant Extroverted Judging types, who require a plan of action, or external decisions in order to turn their wheels. ENFP identifies with the spontaneous camp even more so than the ENTP, as the judgment of this type tends to be less pronounced as Feeling tends to be less tough-minded and less stifling on raw External perceptions. This makes the ENFP especially adept at the art of improvisation, most clearly the case when it comes to dealing with people and the human element, yet could also lead to impulsiveness and poor decision making as a result of marked preference for perception over judgment. The Extroverted Perceiver deals with the outer world unconsciously, as the perceiving functions are by definition unconscious. Thus, here again we notice that the EP type requires least contemplation to prepare for action of all 4. This leads to the sense of quickness the EP types tend to be renowned for. We should note that Extroverted perception can very easily be misunderstood for hyperactivity and inherent inability to focus because information tends to be incepted into the mind of an EP in a torrential fashion. As there is no grid of extroverted judgment in the outer world of the EP.

    Thus the information is filtered only by the auxiliary Introverted Judgment which tends to be subordinate to the Extroverted Perception. Therefore there is little hindrance to the way the information is being perceived. Another reason the EP tends to be ‘all over the place’ is the fact that they do not have an internal agenda to how information is to be collected. This, for the ENFP is slightly compensated by the presence of tertiary Extroverted Thinking which provides that grid of perception and external stability that the EP types tend to lack. Such an attitude stands in sharp contrast to the Introverted perception, which is very much guided by the internal agenda of how the information is to be collected. The term agenda appears to be highly misleading as all perception is unconscious and therefore cannot subscribe to anything we colloquially refer to as a plan of action. In this sense I do not intend to use the word agenda, yet I am merely using the term to depict the essence of reference. Therefore, the Introverted perception stands in closest affinity with his unconscious tendencies and this is the salient element to be taken note of in regards to this type’s inception of information. For this reason the Introverted Intuitor will first be drawn to information that his unconscious mind gravitates towards most, then slowly work his way out to the rest. As a dominant perceiver, the Introverted Intuitor wishes to collect all information, yet his sense of priority induces him towards information he tends to be in closest affinity with. Yet, such a thing is unknown to the Extroverted Perceiver, as his inner unconscious ‘agenda’ is much less firmly founded. It has its seat in the guise of inferior Introverted Sensing. Thus, the Extroverted perception leaps at all information simultaneously, head over heels. This can induce the EP to be dearth of a sense of priority as all external entities that seem appealing (usually those that are novel), will be subject to exploration. In an intense mode, such a drive is highly likely to overshadow Introverted perception and the Extroverted perceiver will likely over-stimulate himself. As Jung shall remind us, Introversion is the attitude that defines the world in relation to our inner being, yet Extroversion is the attitude that defines our being in relation to the world. Thus, introversion employs the internal standard to assess the outer world, and introversion employs the standard of the world to assess our being. In this case we are examining the phenomenon of Perception. Perception is the faculty that we examine our environment with. Thus, Introverted perceivers tend to define their outer environment in accordance to their perceptions. They tend to have difficulty adapting to the outer world, so therefore they do not wish for it to change to a significant extent. For this reason the IJ types tend to be most averse to change. Thus, they tend to be most security conscious as they doubt their ability to maintain their own soundness whilst improvising. Yet Extroverted Perceivers are close to the opposite in this respect. Being supreme improvisers, they tend to have little concern for security. ENPs tend to be more adaptable than ESPs because they depend less on the immediate physical entities that environ them. Yet the ENFP is impeded in this regard to a slightly higher degree than the ENTP, and it would be misleading to regard this type as a quintessential improviser. The nature of Thinking tends to be negative and self-sabboutaging for the ENFP, which undermines their external confidence and fluidity represented by Extroverted perception. Incidentally this leads the ENFP to have a rather fearful view of the world which may lead to many inhibitions that are nearly unheard of for ETP types. This is most distinctly represented in the guise of the ENFP’s shadow or inferior function, introverted sensing, but without a doubt the dearth of Thinking much contributes to this problem.

    The abstract nature of the ENFP attests to them being more adaptable than their sensing counterparts as their mind does not depend on the immediate physical environment to function. As we recall, Extroverted perception does not have a focus of inception and therefore is forced to be swamped at all information at once, the all or nothing mentality results as a common factor for dominant Extroverted Intuitors. They prefer to devote all of their being to the current task, and this is never a conscious choice, but this happens as a necessary entailment of their interaction with the outer world. It is their unconscious perception that foments them to interact with the world in such a fashion, not the conscious secondary Introverted Judgment. When Extroverted Intuition becomes preponderous over introverted judgment, the ENTP will face similar maladies unhealthy ESPs tend to be afflicted with—recklessness. As Jung comments

    “Naturally this attitude holds great dangers, for all too easily the intuitive may fritter away his life on things and people, spreading about him an abundance of which others live and not he himself. If only he could stay put, he would reap the fruits of his labours; but always he must be running after a new possibility, quitting his newly planted fields while others gather in the harvest. In the end he goes away empty.”

    The ENFP is even in more danger of this than his Extroverted Intuitive counterpart the ENTP. When Introverted Feeling is not properly developed and controlled by this type, it can become consumed in inner passions to the point impetuosity. Rash and impulsive decisions may be inevitable in such a case. Clearly, this destructive tendencies is exacerbated for this specie of Extroverted perceiving types due to the lack of tough-mindedness. This problem is only to be rectified through cultivation of tertiary Extroverted Thinking which appears to be painfully wanting in the arsenal of unhealthy ENFPs. Thus, here we notice the lack of focus problem that we attribute to Extroverted perception and as well as the quest for novelty. The EP, unlike the IJ, must always be adapting to the new environment, therefore he easily becomes restless after novelty has worn off. In addition to accessing a myriad of new external phenomena the ENP, as endowed with intuition, will be able to come to visualize how the external environment will progress from the position it is stationed in. Thus, for this reason, the ENP is often easily able to see how the current environment could be as opposed to how it is. ENPs therefore have a natural penchant for entertaining the same notion from different perspectives. As before established by Jung, the Extroverted Intuitive type, due to the extroversion factor, depends on his immediate environment. This is where he stands in sharp contrast with the Introverted Intuiting type who may easily concoct a world of his own. An example of this type would be Nietzsche, whose vision was primarily focused on the individual and what he must do in order to accomplish his goals. An Introverted perceiver will first focus on what most piques his interest and then expand his vision further to the end of promoting the initially established agenda. Hence this is the subject oriented creation of vision. In this respect the INJ sees vertically, or in a linear fashion—beginning at one point and envisaging how the protagonist could progress towards his path. The ENP will need to have the notion of the current situation fixated, and then based on that will attempt to see what this particular entity could be like. Or what it would seem like from other perspectives. Such a type would see horizontally, or forego selecting a starting point, but leap at the scenario simultaneously. Thus, an Introverted visionary is most concerned with the path of the individual, yet the Extroverted visionary with the path of the entire scenario. A glaring example of this would be the visions of social critics like Voltaire and Bertrand Russell and renowned ENFP Leo Tolstoy. His vision in the War and Peace, Anna Karenina, and the Resurrection are most representative of visionaries belonging to this type. The whole board is kept in perspective with no particular focus on any aspect of the scenario, one may say the focus shifts quickly, yet this would not be accurate as its not clear if there is any kind of a focus there to start with. The ENFP attempts to see the entire field and for this reason may forego focusing on any particular aspect as to avoid getting caught up in ‘detail’, which is anathema to abstract Extroverted perception. This furthermore illustrates the lack of agenda in Extroverted Perception. The Dominant Extroverted perception of ENPs, much like for their SP counterparts leads them to have light-hearted attitude towards the external environment. That, to a significant extent is the fact that they apply a perceiving function to the outer environment, and hence are not forced to make assessments of their situation. Moreover, their inner being, unlike for the Introverted perceivers, does not identify with the environment, but with their judgment. For this reason the ENFP is placed in an idiosyncratic position where their primary mode of functioning consists in collection of information, yet unlike the Introverted Perceivers they may be easily overwhelmed by the collected information. It should be clearly established that the core of this type consists not in External perception, but in Introverted Judgment. This is where the ENFP shall derive the true sense of self. The External perception are but vapor, no more than fleeting hunches that this type comes across. In a typical EP fashion, the External environment is not taken to be an end in itself, thus as opposed to the stern and serious approach to life usually taken by the IJ types, the EP types tend to be humorous and the ENFP’s affinity with feeling furthermore contributes to their merits as comedians. They are natural entertainers due to their ability to improvise and affinity with the emotional ambience encircling them. The ability to view the big picture with no preconceived notions or judgments as well as affinity with the human element makes the ENFPs excel at mediation. Effortlessly they are able to understand the interpersonal perspective of all involved and with proper use of Introverted Feeling should be able to concoct the most humane solution possible both to the individuals involved and groups they are affiliated. The dominance of Extroverted Intuition makes ENFPs excel at enterprises requiring imagination. Should they develop the ability to focus and perseverance by cultivating their Introverting Feeling and further augmenting those qualities by the tough-minded approach of Extroverted Thinking, the ENFPs will excel as novelists, short-story writers and poets. In their presentation they are especially gifted at hitting just the right ambience to make their message seem favorable (Inner feeling) and intuitive to all (ostensible intuitions projected by Extroverted Intuition), the aforementioned light-hearted approach to the environment will also have a humorous spin to their presentation. ENFPs, just like their dominant Introverted Intuitive counterparts also enjoy pushing their imagination to extremes, yet by virtue of the talents listed above, they are able to proceed with their ideas without having lost their audience. The more the Introverted Intuitive types delves into his imagination, the more likely he is to loose his audience as he simply gets carried away by his inner life which divorces him from the External world. Quite the opposite is the case for the ENFP, the more the external world is engaged, the more intuitively the ENFP will behave. Thus, the more imaginative this type becomes the easier it will be to make his ideas presentable to the audience, especially if the audience is comprised of Intuitive types. Because the ENFP is in such close affinity with the perceptions and feelings of others as well as the general ambience, he can make his message presentable to even the dullest of observers. Interestingly, this type does not at all suffer from the typical malady of an Intuitive, or an inability to communicate. The above seem to be sound reasons to propose that the ENFPs tend to have the best communication skills of all types. For this reason they often make excellent educational writers, entertainers and teachers of spirituality as they are able to connect and reach out to individuals of almost all kinds, as well as make even the most abstruse ideas accessible to even the starkest of philistines. Also very atypically to an Intuitive type, standing in sharp contrast especially to the INTs, ENFPs tend to be very patient with those who misunderstand their teaching, willing to explain themselves more than twice due to their comfort and confidence with their communication skills and deep sympathy for the individual, especially one seeking an intuitive dream (Ne), or a higher purpose (Fi). Sogyal Rinpoche is another representative of this phenomenon.

    II. Ne-Fi interplay

    The stronger his intuition, the more his ego becomes fused with all the possibilities he envisions. He brings his vision to life, he presents it convincingly and with dramatic fire, he embodies it, so to speak. But this is not play-acting, it is a kind of fate.”

    Introverted Feeling is the rational function and the kernel of the ENFP’s inner being. As an introverted judging faculty, it is primarily responsible for establishing personal values by which the ENFP will assess themselves and their external environment. However, as an Extroverted type, strangely enough the ENFP tends to rely on external cues for self-assessment. Thus, even if the Introverted Feeling is sufficiently developed, the ENFP could not and would not want to wholly divorce the External standard. As an Extroverted perceiver, the ENFP is more concerned with the general ambience of the environment rather than private perceptions. In this respect the ENFP is very different from the INFP who is primarily concerned with making private assessments of what has been observed, the ENFP often goes without judgment altogether, merely takes in the external environment, at times even becomes absorbed in it. On that account the ENFP makes a perfect mimic, effortlessly and spontaneously he captures the souls of those around them and can easily represent the observed person by virtue of mere hunches he shall project onto the external environment. Because the ENFP is this intensely attuned with the external ambience and the emotional climate of the environment, he likely would excel at journalism, as this type is overrepresented in that enterprise. Unlike the Introverted perceiver the ENFP does not filter what has been incepted through the inner agenda, but can merely recollect the external image in its pure essence, even pantomime if necessary. As we have observed in the INTJ profile, the perceptions of an introverted perceiver are thoroughly imbued in unconscious predilections of the subject and for this reason end up being inaccurately collected. Yet this is not a problem at all for the ENFP for the aforementioned reason.

    In order for the ENFP’s vision to be fulfilled, he needs to arrive at a situation where he picks up the hunch that his vision has been realized. Unlike the IN types, he would not be satisfied with merely knowing that he knows how to be successful or captures an internal feeling of fulfillment, he needs for his vision to become a reality. As aforementioned, because of the ENFP’s lack of focus on external perception he is compelled to draw all of his energy into the external endeavor. As Jung commented, for this reason the ENFP tends to embody his vision. He becomes one with the essence he is currently preoccupied with. We have here a radically paradoxical notion.

    The generally unfocused ENFP here focuses on his vision with blazing intensity the point of becoming one with it. Essentially, unlike the judging dominant types, the ENFP does not need to focus on any one particular thing, but rather on the general scope of his environment. Thus the ENFP can easily be preoccupied with his pursuit of the entire vision whilst shifting from activity to activity whilst undertaking his project. Extroverted Intuition is often malleable and can easily be influenced by the external environment, as we mentioned it lacks the grid of judgment. The ENFP can very easily be focused on one particular task at one point and by way of external circumstances be blown away to be focused with the same intensity on something radically different. This problem can be rectified only through cultivation of Introverted Feeling, which is the backbone to his psyche. At this point the ENFP will have a clear, internal focus on his activities and will not rely on external perceptions for guidance. Because the ENFP requires changes in his environment, as an Extroverted perceiver and depends on the outward scenario due to the factor of Extroversion, he depends almost wholly on outward stimulation for his energy. Thus when the external environment is satisfactory, the energy level will likely be high where he will devote most of it to the current endeavor he is pursuing. This is even more pertinent for the ENFP than the ENTP as the former is much more influenced by the human element and the emotional ambience of the environment. A toxic environment tends to be poisonous for this type as Feeling is at the core of the ENFP.

    An unbalanced ENFP is unlikely to have a firm inner being and his self-image, as well as self-esteem will be greatly contingent upon the high and lows of the swings of his intuitive energy. And of course, to even a greater extent the intuitive ambience he shall entertain as reception from the audience. Such ENFPs will greatly depend on admiration of others for their own sense of self-confidence. As the soundness of their inner feelings and values will be almost entirely contingent upon their public reception. Because such ENFPs will depend on the approval of others to such a tremendous extent they will prostrate their values to appease their audience in order to recollect the proper hunch of harmony and appreciation by others. They will tend to measure their success by how well they are liked. They will need consistent external gratification in order to be hold their own soundly. This lack of judgment leads to a grotesque inconsistency in the behavior of this type which often undermines the self-confidence and integrity of the ENFP. Being reliant on the approbation of others, the ENFP will do all that is possible to win their approval, yet even this would be difficult because the lack of judgment in this type will make it hard for the ENFP to behave consistently. The intense external focus (due to lack of involvement of introverted feeling) will make it difficult for the ENFP to reflect on his own behavior and therefore this type likely will be unaware of inconsistencies in his own behavior that are obvious to others. As Introverted Feelers, ENFPs tend to put a high premium on integrity, yet they also would go by external reception to assess their performance. Therefore the ENFP likely will be deeply hurt by others seeing them as insincere and unreliable for the reasons mentioned above. The only sound way to overcome this problem would be to cultivate Introverted Feeling first and foremost, so at that point the ENFP will rely on his own private judgments to assess his character and not on amorphous perceptions and receptions of the audience. Secondly the ENFP will need to cultivate Extroverted Thinking in order to support their value judgments and acquire the tough-minded fortitude to stand by their values in face of external adversity. The ENFP tends to be extremely sensitive to criticism in great part for different reasons than the quintessential feeling types. A great part of this is the Extroverted perception which leads to excessive reliance on feedback.

    “The intuitive’s morality is governed neither by thinking nor by feeling; he has his own characteristic morality, which consists in loyalty to his vision and involuntary submission to authority. Consideration for others is weak. Their psychic well-being counts as little with him as does his own. He has equally little regard for their convictions and way of life, and on this accounts he is often put down as an immoral and unscrupulous adventurer.”

    This, almost certainly, is a result of the Introverted Feeling, or the judging essence, ethics building faculty being enslaved by the Extroverted Intuition. Such an ENFP sees a good thing as simply whatever is in accord with his vision. Whatever is not, shall be deemed bad. Here he simply sees no distinction between desirable and desired by me. As mentioned in the INFP profile, the nature of Introverted Judgment without a purpose will be radically ego-centric, though the introverted judger who has found a higher purpose will likely avoid self-apotheosis. The latter is the danger that the ENP is particularly susceptible. As the Introverted Judgment is unlikely to function soundly if the ENfP is off-balance. Such individuals will likely use their keen awareness of the external environment to simply ‘pick the berries’ whilst having little concern for the interest of others and even less the amelioration of the community. Such ENFPs will utilize their networking skills to win the approbation of the multitude and appease the interests promoted by their Extroverted Intuition. This once more, is an inevitable consequence of introverted judgment turned corrupt. Manipulating the external situation will be central to his interests. Extroverted Perception will give him a clear view of the ‘entire board’, and Introverted Feeling will allow for the ENFP to make sound interpersonal decisions to do all that is necessary to appease the whims of his egocentric will. Such ENFPs function in this fashion because they lack a higher purpose, or they do not wish to pursue any inner virtue that transcends what befits their external environment. Accordingly they will have little interest in being as sensitive as possible for instance. They will only want to be sensitive enough to get what they are looking for in terms of external rewards.

    “Since his intuition is concerned with externals and with feretting out their possibilities, he readily turns to professions in which he can exploit these capacities to the full. Many business tycoons, entrepreneurs, speculators, stockbrokers, politicians, etc., belong to this type.”

    As aforementioned the ENFP is often able to put on exactly the kind of an image he needs to put on for the sake of meeting a particular external end. The ENFP is even better at this than the ENFP because he is attuned with the likes and dislikes of the people around him and the general ambience they produce, almost impeccably he will be able to recollect just the right image he needs to throw in their faces to pay the proper lip service.

    “Endless clandestine rivalries spring up, and in these embittered struggles she will shrink from no baseness or meanness, and will even prostitute her virtues in order to play the trump card.”

    Thus, the ENFP without sound values will merely prostitute oneself for the whims and fancies of his/her spectators. Yet one with sound inner values will teach by example. Much like the INFP, the ENFP will not need to preach or lecture to influence the external environment, he will simply wish to live out his values, as famously demonstrated by Leo Tolstoy. There can be no doubt that ENFPs, as feelers and Extroverted perceivers have an intense need to influence the environment (as mentioned in the earlier allusion to them being over-represented in journalism), yet they shall not aspire to do this in the conventional Extroverted Judging way by imposing their principles on others. Such ENFPs will truly walk the talk and stand by their commitments and values, and will rarely attempt to act merely for effect. They will not be letting down those who have been taken aback by their sincerity and depth of Feeling, as their behavior will be consistent and well thought out. The quest and morality of this type will be intensely focused on the individual, as denoted by the factor of Introverted Feeling. Despite the all embracing vision represented by the Extroverted Intuition of this type, the aim of the ENFP is often elitist due to the Introversion of judgment. This is where the Extroverted Visionary differs from the Introverted. The introversion visionary (Ni), will want for all to accept and understand their vision (Extroverted Judgment shall impose on all), yet would lack the expository skills to make their ideas accessible. Yet the Extroverted Visionary aims only at the select few (Introverted Judgment), yet is able to make his ideas accessible to all. Introverted Vision is concerned primarily with the search of inner life and the outer world, the INJ will wish for all to pursue this quest. Yet the ENFP is primarily concerned with this world, much like Tolstoy and Sogyal Rinpoche, yet admittedly or not, the ENFP will only wish for the selected few to undertake the venture. This also accurately represents the social aspect of this type, as the ENFP prefers to show his true colors only to the select few who have connected with their inner values. This attests to the phenomenon of elitism in this type which is often concealed by the all embracing, everywhere and nowhere approach to life of Extroverted Intuition which is at the helm of the psyche of the ENFP.

    III. Ne-Te axis

    As earlier mentioned, unhealthy ENFPs are often criticized by their observers as fickle and unreliable as is often a common defect of a perceiving type. This, first and foremost is to be rectified by cultivation of Introverted Feeling which will lead this type to be true to oneself. However, the tough-minded approach to life which Extroverted Thinking offers to the ENFP is of indispensable utility. First and foremost it will provide the aforementioned grid of perception which will help the ENFP properly organize and assess the collected information. Secondly personal values will be supported with sound reasoning and the ENFP will be able to critically examine ideals to be incorporated into their value system. With acquisition of Extroverted Thinking, they will rely on the public approval even less, as at this point they will be able to see if what they have done has merit on its own right, with or without the approval of those around them. Cultivation of this function will endow the ENFP with a higher accuracy in thought and ability to retain composure. In the event of such an ENFP’s integrity being impugned, the ENFP will be less likely to be personally afflicted, but instead will examine what has happened with a sober eye. Instead of lashing out at others with most vicious personal retorts he can think of, the ENFP will manage to preclude his emotions from spiraling out of control and by virtue of this composure will remain loyal to his values. In this respect, clearly sound use of the Thinking faculty will support the Feeling oriented approach to life of this type. This will also help the ENFP conquer the self-sabboutaging tendencies typically associated with poor use of the Thinking faculty, as this type will then be able to cut back on the self-critical and denigrating thoughts. The Extroverted Thinking of such ENFPs will not function in the crude and primitive ways of simply and thoughtlessly following an impersonal agenda and proclaiming judgments of the book, but such ENFPs will be able to do sound impersonal analysis. Akin to that found in the psyche of NTJs. Another gift that this type shall be endowed with is managerial skills and ability to accomplish impersonal tasks in a timely and appropriate fashion to the external circumstances. The rational and tought-minded approach provided by Extroverted Thinking will also enable the ENFP to rely much less on the highs and lows of their Intuitive energy, as this faculty will lay down the plan for the ENFP to follow on step by step basis. ENFPs are mercurial by nature and rarely are moderate in their energy and passions, yet sound use of Extroverted Thinking will doubtlessly be a tremendous step forward to mitigate the issue.

    IV. Inferior Sensing

    This function is anathema to the primary faculty of Extroverted Intuition. The ENFP rarely focuses on security concerns, or information that is relevant to him directly. Yet, the shadow side often manifests itself in terms of the ENFP inaccurately representing factual information and what requires concrete observation. When Introverted Sensing escapes the grasp of the ENFP’s conscious control, it will flood in a form of sensual and memory-oriented impulses. The insights he spews will be closely linked to his memories and deeply cherished beliefs. Since the Introverted Sensing is a servile lackey of the Extroverted Intuition in such a situation, memories will often be distorted to better fit the image the Extroverted Intuition wishes to see. Such an ENFP will likely also be permeated by an intense longing for security which stands in sharp contrast with his adventurous approach to life.